Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders
SOC: 51-4051.00

Description:

Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
21,200 employed

Projected (2024):
20,200 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Arc / Argon Oxygen Decarborization Melter (ARC / AOD Melter)
  • Arc Furnace Operator
  • Argon Oxygen Decarborization Refining Vessel Operator (AOD Refining Vessel Operator)
  • Automatic Furnace Operator
  • Backbreaker
  • Bessemer Converter Blower
  • Bessemer Converter Operator
  • Bessemer Regulator
  • Blade Bender Furnace Tender
  • Blast Furnace Blower
  • Blast Furnace Keeper
  • Blast Furnace Operator
  • Blast Furnace Tender
  • Blower Operator
  • Burner
  • Burner Tender
  • Cadmium Burner
  • Central Melt Specialist
  • Charge Operator
  • Charger Operator
  • Charging Machine Operator
  • Coke Burner
  • Coke Drawer
  • Condenser Setter
  • Control Room Operator
  • Converter
  • Converter Operator
  • Converter Skimmer
  • Cooler Operator
  • Copper Tapper
  • Cover Operator
  • Crucible Furnace Tender
  • Cupola Melter
  • Cupola Operator
  • Cupola Tender
  • Desilverizer
  • Direct Casting Operator
  • Electric Arc Furnace Operator
  • Electric Furnace Operator
  • Electric Melt Operator
  • Feeder
  • Fettler
  • Fire Regulator
  • Floater
  • Floater Operator
  • Flux Plant Operator
  • Flux Tube Attendant
  • Foundry Melt Supervisor
  • Foundry Worker Apprentice
  • Furnace Charger
  • Furnace Checker
  • Furnace Door Tender
  • Furnace Filler
  • Furnace Firer
  • Furnace Hand
  • Furnace Keeper
  • Furnace Loader
  • Furnace Operator
  • Furnace Puncher
  • Furnace Roaster
  • Furnace Tapper
  • Furnace Tender
  • Gas Reverser
  • Gas Tender
  • Head Charger
  • Hearth Feeder
  • Hot Baller
  • Hot Blast Worker
  • Hot Car Charger
  • Hot Iron Worker
  • Hot Metal Car Operator
  • Hot Metal Charger
  • Induction Furnace Operator
  • Ingot Passer
  • Iron Caster
  • Iron Founder
  • Iron Melter
  • Kettle Skimmer
  • Kettle Worker
  • Kiln Burner
  • Kiln Firer
  • Kiln Operator
  • Kiln Packer
  • Kiln Tender
  • Lead Furnace Operator
  • Lead Refiner
  • Lead Shop Operator
  • Leveler
  • Manganese Heater
  • Melt Down Furnace Operator
  • Melt Room Operator
  • Melt Supervisor
  • Melter
  • Melting Furnace Skimmer
  • Melting Operator
  • Metal Furnace Operator
  • Metal Melter
  • Metal Off Bearer
  • Metal Reclamation Kettle Tender
  • Metal Refiner
  • Metal Roaster
  • Metal Smelter
  • Muffle Worker
  • Muffler Hand
  • Muffler Tender
  • Observer
  • Oil Burner
  • Oil Burner Journeyman
  • Open Hearth Furnace Operator
  • Open Hearth Melter
  • Open Hearth Worker
  • Ore Charger
  • Ore Dryer
  • Ore Roaster
  • Ore Smelter
  • Ore Storage Drier
  • Oven Heater
  • Oven Operator
  • Oven Tender
  • Oven Worker
  • Oxygen Furnace Operator
  • Pig Caster
  • Pig Casting Machine Operator
  • Pig Furnace Operator
  • Pig Machine Operator
  • Pipe Out Worker
  • Pipe Recovery Specialist
  • Plunger
  • Poler
  • Pot Feeder
  • Pot Filler
  • Pot Operator
  • Pot Puller
  • Pot Puncher
  • Pot Room Tapper
  • Pot Tender
  • Production Floater
  • Puddler
  • Pull Up Hand
  • Puller Out
  • Puncher
  • Pusher Runner
  • Pyrometer Operator
  • Rabbler
  • Reclamation Furnace Operator
  • Reduction Furnace Operator
  • Refiner
  • Reheat Furnace Operator
  • Remelt Worker
  • Remelter
  • Residue Furnace Operator
  • Retort Cooler
  • Retort Fireman
  • Retort Furnace Operator
  • Retort Loader
  • Retort Pre-Cooker
  • Reverberatory Furnace Operator
  • Roaster
  • Rodman
  • Ross Furnace Operator
  • Rotary Furnace Operator
  • Rotary Kiln Operator
  • Scrap Charger
  • Scrap Kettle Tender
  • Scruff Worker
  • Shove Up
  • Sinter Machine Operator
  • Skimmer
  • Slag Skimmer
  • Slagger
  • Smelter
  • Smelter Charger
  • Smelter Operator
  • Steel Melter
  • Stirrer
  • Stove Tender
  • Tin Recovery Worker
  • Topper
  • Utility Person
  • Vessel Operator
  • Zinc Furnace Charger
  • Zinc Skimmer


  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.

    Education:

    These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Telecommunications


  • Tasks:

  • Draw smelted metal samples from furnaces or kettles for analysis, and calculate types and amounts of materials needed to ensure that materials meet specifications.
  • Drain, transfer, or remove molten metal from furnaces, and place it into molds, using hoists, pumps, or ladles.
  • Record production data, and maintain production logs.
  • Operate controls to move or discharge metal workpieces from furnaces.
  • Weigh materials to be charged into furnaces, using scales.
  • Regulate supplies of fuel and air, or control flow of electric current and water coolant to heat furnaces and adjust temperatures.
  • Inspect furnaces and equipment to locate defects and wear.
  • Observe air and temperature gauges or metal color and fluidity, and turn fuel valves or adjust controls to maintain required temperatures.
  • Observe operations inside furnaces, using television screens, to ensure that problems do not occur.
  • Remove impurities from the surface of molten metal, using strainers.
  • Kindle fires, and shovel fuel and other materials into furnaces or onto conveyors by hand, with hoists, or by directing crane operators.
  • Sprinkle chemicals over molten metal to bring impurities to the surface.
  • Direct work crews in the cleaning and repair of furnace walls and flooring.
  • Prepare material to load into furnaces, including cleaning, crushing, or applying chemicals, by using crushing machines, shovels, rakes, or sprayers.
  • Scrape accumulations of metal oxides from floors, molds, and crucibles, and sift and store them for reclamation.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Air gauges
  • Anneal furnaces
  • Argon purging systems
  • Basic oxygen furnaces
  • Blast furnaces
  • Channel induction furnaces
  • Chemical protection goggles
  • Closed circuit television monitors
  • Coal furnaces
  • Control computers
  • Conveyor belt systems
  • Coreless induction furnaces
  • Digital ammeters
  • Digital thermometers
  • Digital voltmeters
  • Digital wattmeters
  • Drying systems
  • Electric arc furnaces
  • Electric induction furnaces
  • Evaporative cooling systems
  • Feed scales
  • Fluid flow meters
  • Foundry casting ladles
  • Foundry molds
  • Foundry overhead cranes
  • Foundry shovels
  • Foundry transfer ladles
  • Foundry treatment ladles
  • Gas furnaces
  • Hearing protection plugs
  • Heat reflective gloves
  • Helium leak detectors
  • Holding conveyors
  • Industrial safety glasses
  • Industrial vacuum pumps
  • Ladle refining furnaces
  • Oil furnaces
  • Open-hearth furnaces
  • Oxygen lances
  • Pivoting conveyors
  • Power hoists
  • Pressure gauges
  • Protective respirators
  • Pyrometers
  • Removable crucible furnaces
  • Rheostats
  • Scissor lifts
  • Scrap charging buckets
  • Slag crushing machines
  • Sprayers
  • Vacuum furnaces
  • Vibratory conveyors
  • Wheeled forklifts
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Process control software
  • Process safety management software
  • Production tracking system software


  • production


    industry stats

    SOC: 51-0000

    Total Employed: 9,073,290

    Average Annual Salary: $36,220