Machinists
SOC: 51-4041.00

Description:

Set up and operate a variety of machine tools to produce precision parts and instruments. Includes precision instrument makers who fabricate, modify, or repair mechanical instruments. May also fabricate and modify parts to make or repair machine tools or maintain industrial machines, applying knowledge of mechanics, mathematics, metal properties, layout, and machining procedures.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
399,700 employed

Projected (2024):
438,900 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Aircraft Machinist
  • Auto Machinist
  • Automotive Machinist
  • Automotive Machinist Apprentice
  • Bench Hand
  • Carbide Operator
  • CNC Machinist (Computer Numerically Controlled Machinist)
  • Conventional Machinist
  • Deck Engineer
  • Development Mechanic
  • Electrical Experimental Mechanic
  • Electrical Instrument Maker
  • Electrical Machinist
  • Experimental Machinist
  • Experimental Mechanic
  • Fitter
  • Fixture Maker
  • Fluid-Power Mechanic
  • Four-Slide Operator
  • Gear Machinist
  • Geothermal Heat Pump Machinist
  • Head Machinist
  • Hydroelectric Component Machinist
  • Instrument Maker
  • Instrument Maker and Repairer
  • Instrument Maker Apprentice
  • Jobber
  • Journeyman Machinist
  • Laboratory Machinist
  • Lathe Machinist
  • Machine Fitter
  • Machine Operator
  • Machine Repair Person
  • Machine Set-Up
  • Machine Setter
  • Machine Setup Operator
  • Machinist
  • Machinist A
  • Machinist Apprentice
  • Machinist Class B
  • Machinist Mate
  • Machinist Tool and Die
  • Machinist-Set-Up
  • Machinist/Machine Builder
  • Maintenance Machinist
  • Maintenance Specialist
  • Manual Lathe Machinist
  • Manual Machinist
  • Master Machinist
  • Mechanical Laboratory Technician
  • Mechanist
  • Metal Machinist
  • NC Machinist
  • Outside Machinist
  • Outside Machinist Apprentice
  • Precision Instrument Maker
  • Precision Machine Operator
  • Precision Machinist
  • Printing Press Machinist
  • Production Machinist
  • Rocket Motor Mechanic
  • Secondary Set-Up Man
  • Senior Maintenance Machinist
  • Set-Up Machinist
  • Set-Up Operator
  • Test Technician
  • Thermometer Maker
  • Tool and Die Machinist
  • Tool Machinist
  • Tool Room Machinist
  • Toolroom Machinist
  • Trouble Shooter
  • Turret Lathe Machinist
  • Utility Operator
  • Wind Turbine Machinist


  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

    Education:

    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Installation
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Machine parts to specifications, using machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, shapers, or grinders.
  • Measure, examine, or test completed units to check for defects and ensure conformance to specifications, using precision instruments, such as micrometers.
  • Align and secure holding fixtures, cutting tools, attachments, accessories, or materials onto machines.
  • Monitor the feed and speed of machines during the machining process.
  • Lay out, measure, and mark metal stock to display placement of cuts.
  • Check work pieces to ensure that they are properly lubricated or cooled.
  • Operate equipment to verify operational efficiency.
  • Install repaired parts into equipment or install new equipment.
  • Advise clients about the materials being used for finished products.
  • Program computers or electronic instruments, such as numerically controlled machine tools.
  • Confer with engineering, supervisory, or manufacturing personnel to exchange technical information.
  • Dismantle machines or equipment, using hand tools or power tools to examine parts for defects and replace defective parts where needed.
  • Establish work procedures for fabricating new structural products, using a variety of metalworking machines.
  • Support metalworking projects from planning and fabrication through assembly, inspection, and testing, using knowledge of machine functions, metal properties and mathematics.
  • Confer with numerical control programmers to check and ensure that new programs or machinery will function properly and that output will meet specifications.
  • Fit and assemble parts to make or repair machine tools.
  • Design fixtures, tooling, or experimental parts to meet special engineering needs.
  • Prepare working sketches for the illustration of product appearance.
  • Install experimental parts or assemblies, such as hydraulic systems, electrical wiring, lubricants, or batteries into machines or mechanisms.
  • Set up or operate metalworking, brazing, heat-treating, welding, or cutting equipment.
  • Test experimental models under simulated operating conditions for purposes such as development, standardization, or feasibility of design.
  • Dispose of scrap or waste material in accordance with company policies and environmental regulations.
  • Separate scrap waste and related materials for reuse, recycling, or disposal.
  • Calculate dimensions or tolerances, using instruments such as micrometers or vernier calipers.
  • Set up, adjust, or operate basic or specialized machine tools used to perform precision machining operations.
  • Maintain machine tools in proper operational condition.
  • Study sample parts, blueprints, drawings, or engineering information to determine methods or sequences of operations needed to fabricate products.
  • Diagnose machine tool malfunctions to determine need for adjustments or repairs.
  • Evaluate machining procedures and recommend changes or modifications for improved efficiency or adaptability.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • 3-axis computerized numerical control CNC machines
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Angle plates
  • Angled feeler gauges
  • Anvils
  • Arbor presses
  • Aviation snips
  • Ball peen hammers
  • Bandsaws
  • Beverly shears
  • Binocular light compound microscopes
  • Boring bars
  • Boring tools
  • Brake presses
  • Brass hammers
  • Brazing equipment
  • Breaker lathes
  • Broachers
  • Buffers
  • Calipers
  • Center drills
  • Centrifugal spin casters
  • Chamfer tools
  • Channel lock pliers
  • Chippers
  • Chucks
  • Cold chisels
  • Cold saws
  • Combination drills
  • Combination pliers
  • Combination wrenches
  • Composition hammers
  • Computerized numerical control CNC machining centers
  • Computerized numerical control CNC turning lathes
  • Crankshaft grinders
  • Cutoff saws
  • Cylinder honers
  • Cylindrical grinders
  • Deburring tools
  • Desktop computers
  • Dial calipers
  • Dial indicators
  • Drum lathes
  • Edge finders
  • Engine lathes
  • Feeler gauges
  • Flat files
  • Flywheel lathes
  • Forklifts
  • Full face shields
  • Gauges
  • Grinders
  • Grinding dogs
  • Grinding wheel arbors
  • Hacksaws
  • Half-round files
  • Hand clamps
  • Hand saws
  • Handheld welders
  • Heat-treating equipment
  • Height gauges
  • Hermaphrodite calipers
  • Hex keys
  • Hex wrenches
  • Horizontal boring bars
  • Horizontal lathes
  • Horizontal mills
  • Hydraulic presses
  • Inside micrometers
  • Inside spring calipers
  • Jointers
  • Knee mills
  • Ladders
  • Laser printers
  • Lathes
  • Machine shop rigging equipment
  • Machinists' hammers
  • Machinists' squares
  • Magnetic retrievers
  • Marking blocks
  • Metal cutting taps
  • Metal inert gas MIG welders
  • Metal shears
  • Metal spray equipment
  • Micrometers
  • Milling angle form cutters
  • Milling machines
  • Milling vises
  • Multi-axis computerized numerical control CNC machines
  • Needlenose pliers
  • Outside micrometers
  • Outside spring calipers
  • Oxyacetylene welding equipment
  • Parallel blocks
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Phillips head screwdrivers
  • Pillar drill machines
  • Pipe threaders
  • Pipe wrenches
  • Planer gauges
  • Planers
  • Plasma welders
  • Platforms
  • Portable welding equipment
  • Power drills
  • Power hacksaws
  • Power sanders
  • Prick punches
  • Pry bars
  • Punches
  • Putty knives
  • Radial drill presses
  • Radial drills
  • Radius gauges
  • Ratchet sets
  • Reamers
  • Resurfacing machines
  • Ring gauges
  • Rubber mallets
  • Sandblasters
  • Screw pitch gauges
  • Screwdrivers
  • Scribers
  • Sensitive drill presses
  • Shapers
  • Sharpening equipment
  • Shears
  • Shielded arc welding tools
  • Shims
  • Side cutting pliers
  • Sine bars
  • Single-cut mill saw files
  • Sledgehammers
  • Socket wrench sets
  • Soldering equipment
  • Spindle blade screwdrivers
  • Spirit levels
  • Square chisels
  • Staging equipment
  • Steel rules
  • Steel wedges
  • Surface gauges
  • Surface grinding machines
  • Swaging tools
  • Telescoping gauges
  • Thread gauges
  • Threading machines
  • Tongs
  • Torches
  • Tube benders
  • Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
  • Turning lathes
  • Turret lathes
  • Undercut tools
  • Utility knives
  • V blocks
  • Valve grinding machines
  • Vernier bevel protractors
  • Vernier calipers
  • Vernier gear tooth calipers
  • Vernier height gauges
  • Vertical milling machines
  • Vertical turret lathes VTL
  • Wedges
  • Welding lenses
  • Welding shields
  • Workshop cranes
  • Armchair Machinist software
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • CNC Consulting Machinists' Calculator
  • CNC Mastercam
  • CNC TurboCAD/CAM
  • Computer aided design CAD software
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software
  • EditCNC software
  • ERP software
  • Faster Fleet Management software
  • JETCAM software
  • Kentech Kipware software
  • Kentech Trig Kalculator
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft Word
  • Pro CNC software


  • production


    industry stats

    SOC: 51-0000

    Total Employed: 9,073,290

    Average Annual Salary: $36,220