Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters
SOC: 51-2041.00


Fabricate, position, align, and fit parts of structural metal products.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
79,200 employed

Projected (2024):
80,800 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Cage Maker, Machine
  • Fabricator
  • Fabricator Assembler Metal Products
  • Fitter
  • Fitter, Welder
  • Ground Support Equipment Assembler
  • Hand Former
  • Layout Man
  • Metal Box Maker
  • Metal Fabricator
  • Metal Fabricator Apprentice
  • Metal Framer
  • Mill Beam Fitter
  • Motorcycle Assembler
  • Motorcycle Fabricator
  • Motorcycle Maker
  • Ornamental Metal Worker
  • Ornamental Metal Worker Apprentice
  • Pneumatic Tool Operator
  • Precision Structural Metal Fitter
  • Protector Plate Attacher
  • Ship Fitter
  • Ship Propeller Finisher
  • Steel Fabricator
  • Steelworker
  • Structural and Ornamental Metalwork Metal Fabricator
  • Structural and Ornamental Metalwork Steel Fabricator
  • Structural Fitter
  • Structural Steel Fitter
  • Tack Welder
  • Weld Fitter
  • Weld Technician
  • Welder-Fabricator

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Position, align, fit, and weld parts to form complete units or subunits, following blueprints and layout specifications, and using jigs, welding torches, and hand tools.
  • Verify conformance of workpieces to specifications, using squares, rulers, and measuring tapes.
  • Tack-weld fitted parts together.
  • Lay out and examine metal stock or workpieces to be processed to ensure that specifications are met.
  • Align and fit parts according to specifications, using jacks, turnbuckles, wedges, drift pins, pry bars, and hammers.
  • Locate and mark workpiece bending and cutting lines, allowing for stock thickness, machine and welding shrinkage, and other component specifications.
  • Position or tighten braces, jacks, clamps, ropes, or bolt straps, or bolt parts in position for welding or riveting.
  • Study engineering drawings and blueprints to determine materials requirements and task sequences.
  • Move parts into position, manually or with hoists or cranes.
  • Set up and operate fabricating machines, such as brakes, rolls, shears, flame cutters, grinders, and drill presses, to bend, cut, form, punch, drill, or otherwise form and assemble metal components.
  • Hammer, chip, and grind workpieces to cut, bend, and straighten metal.
  • Smooth workpiece edges and fix taps, tubes, and valves.
  • Design and construct templates and fixtures, using hand tools.
  • Straighten warped or bent parts, using sledges, hand torches, straightening presses, or bulldozers.
  • Mark reference points onto floors or face blocks and transpose them to workpieces, using measuring devices, squares, chalk, and soapstone.
  • Set up face blocks, jigs, and fixtures.
  • Remove high spots and cut bevels, using hand files, portable grinders, and cutting torches.
  • Direct welders to build up low spots or short pieces with weld.
  • Lift or move materials and finished products, using large cranes.
  • Heat-treat parts, using acetylene torches.
  • Preheat workpieces to make them malleable, using hand torches or furnaces.
  • Install boilers, containers, and other structures.
  • Erect ladders and scaffolding to fit together large assemblies.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Belt sanders
  • Bench vises
  • Beverly shears
  • Brakes
  • Center punches
  • Claw hammers
  • Computerized numerical control CNC metal-cutting machines
  • Computerized numerical control CNC press brakes
  • Cutoff saws
  • Desktop computers
  • Dial indicators
  • Dividers
  • Drift pins
  • Drill presses
  • Edge planers
  • End milling machines
  • Flame cutters
  • Forklifts
  • Hand clamps
  • Hand shears
  • Hand torch welders
  • Hand torches
  • Heating furnaces
  • Jacks
  • Ladders
  • Lathes
  • Layout squares
  • Locking pliers
  • Magnetic drill presses
  • Measuring tapes
  • Metal cutting taps
  • Metal inert gas MIG welders
  • Metal inert gas MIG welding equipment
  • Micrometers
  • Milling machines
  • Overhead cranes
  • Paint spray guns
  • Personal computers
  • Plasma cutters
  • Positioning jigs
  • Power chippers
  • Power grinders
  • Power hacksaws
  • Power hoists
  • Precision files
  • Protractors
  • Pry bars
  • Punches
  • Radial arm saws
  • Radial drills
  • Reamers
  • Rivet guns
  • Roll benders
  • Scaffolding
  • Scribers
  • Sine bars
  • Sledgehammers
  • Steel rules
  • Straight screwdrivers
  • Straightening presses
  • Surface gauges
  • Tack welding equipment
  • Tracked bulldozers
  • Transit levels
  • Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
  • Turnbuckles
  • Unishears
  • Vernier height gauges
  • Wedges
  • Welding torches
  • Computer aided design and drafting CADD software
  • Data entry software
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Word processing software

  • production

    industry stats

    SOC: 51-0000

    Total Employed: 9,073,290

    Average Annual Salary: $36,220