Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons
SOC: 49-9045.00


Build or repair equipment such as furnaces, kilns, cupolas, boilers, converters, ladles, soaking pits and ovens, using refractory materials.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
1,800 employed

Projected (2024):
1,800 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Bondactor Machine Operator
  • Bricker
  • Bricklayer
  • Cell Liner
  • Cell Reliner
  • Clay Structure Builder and Servicer
  • Cupola Repairer
  • Furnace Helper
  • Furnace Repairer
  • Hot Repairman
  • Kiln Door Builder
  • Kiln Door Repairer
  • Ladle Liner
  • Ladle Repairer
  • Ladle Repairman
  • Melt Helper
  • Oven Equipment Repairer
  • Plastic Block Boiler Reliner
  • Refractory Bricklayer
  • Refractory Furnace Designer
  • Refractory Manager
  • Refractory Repairer
  • Refractory Technician
  • Refractory Worker
  • Stopper Maker

  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed


    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.


    These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Reline or repair ladles and pouring spouts with refractory clay, using trowels.
  • Chip slag from linings of ladles or remove linings when beyond repair, using hammers and chisels.
  • Mix specified amounts of sand, clay, mortar powder, and water to form refractory clay or mortar, using shovels or mixing machines.
  • Measure furnace walls to determine dimensions and cut required number of sheets from plastic block, using saws.
  • Tighten locknuts holding refractory stopper assemblies together, spread mortar on jackets to seal sleeve joints, and dry mortar in ovens.
  • Dry and bake new linings by placing inverted linings over burners, building fires in ladles, or by using blowtorches.
  • Remove worn or damaged plastic block refractory linings of furnaces, using hand tools.
  • Fasten stopper heads to rods with metal pins to assemble refractory stoppers used to plug pouring nozzles of steel ladles.
  • Climb scaffolding, carrying hoses, and spray surfaces of cupolas with refractory mixtures, using spray equipment.
  • Drill holes in furnace walls, bolt overlapping layers of plastic to walls, and hammer surfaces to compress layers into solid sheets.
  • Spread mortar on stopper heads and rods, using trowels, and slide brick sleeves over rods to form refractory jackets.
  • Dump and tamp clay in molds, using tamping tools.
  • Disassemble molds, and cut, chip, and smooth clay structures such as floaters, drawbars, and L-blocks.
  • Transfer clay structures to curing ovens, melting tanks, and drawing kilns, using forklifts.
  • Install preformed metal scaffolding in interiors of cupolas, using hand tools.
  • Install clay structures in melting tanks and drawing kilns to control the flow and temperature of molten glass, using hoists and hand tools.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Acid scrubbers
  • Band saws
  • Boom trucks
  • Brick cutting saws
  • Brick hammers
  • Burner management systems
  • Conveyor belts
  • Cordless power grinders
  • Cordless power nibblers
  • Cordless saws
  • Cutting torches
  • Dump trucks
  • Electric overhead traveling EOT crane
  • Feed fired heaters
  • Flat cold chisels
  • Floor-mounted jib cranes
  • Foundry transfer ladles
  • Heavy duty shears
  • Horizontal helical blade mixers
  • Lift trucks
  • Masonry trowels
  • Mixer trucks
  • Personal computers
  • Puck mills
  • Return idlers
  • Rotary kilns
  • Rotary tools
  • Skid steer tractors
  • Trackhoes
  • Trough finders
  • Variable speed mortar pumps
  • Wheeled forklifts
  • Wheeled front-end loaders
  • Maintenance management software
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • Time tracking software

  • installation maintenance and repair

    industry stats

    SOC: 49-0000

    Total Employed: 5,374,150

    Average Annual Salary: $45,990