Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
SOC: 49-9021.02

Description:

Install and repair industrial and commercial refrigerating systems.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
292,000 employed

Projected (2024):
331,600 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Ammonia Refrigeration Technician
  • Bulk Coolers Installer
  • Commercial Service Technician
  • Field Service Technician
  • Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning / Refrigeration Technician (HVAC / R Technician)
  • Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Mechanic (HVAC Mechanic)
  • Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician (HVAC Service Technician)
  • Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician (HVAC Technician)
  • HVAC Mechanic (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Mechanic)
  • HVAC Service Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Service Technician)
  • HVAC/R Service Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning/Refrigeration Service Technician)
  • Mechanic
  • Refrigeration Engineer
  • Refrigeration Installer
  • Refrigeration Mechanic
  • Refrigeration Operator
  • Refrigeration Technician
  • Refrigeration Unit Repairer
  • Repair Servicer
  • Service Technician
  • Technician
  • Transportation Refrigeration Technician
  • VRT Mechanic (Variable Retention Time Mechanic)


  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

    Education:

    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Installation
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Braze or solder parts to repair defective joints and leaks.
  • Observe and test system operation, using gauges and instruments.
  • Test lines, components, and connections for leaks.
  • Dismantle malfunctioning systems and test components, using electrical, mechanical, and pneumatic testing equipment.
  • Adjust or replace worn or defective mechanisms and parts and reassemble repaired systems.
  • Read blueprints to determine location, size, capacity, and type of components needed to build refrigeration system.
  • Supervise and instruct assistants.
  • Install wiring to connect components to an electric power source.
  • Perform mechanical overhauls and refrigerant reclaiming.
  • Cut, bend, thread, and connect pipe to functional components and water, power, or refrigeration system.
  • Adjust valves according to specifications and charge system with proper type of refrigerant by pumping the specified gas or fluid into the system.
  • Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition.
  • Install expansion and control valves, using acetylene torches and wrenches.
  • Mount compressor, condenser, and other components in specified locations on frames, using hand tools and acetylene welding equipment.
  • Keep records of repairs and replacements made and causes of malfunctions.
  • Lay out reference points for installation of structural and functional components, using measuring instruments.
  • Schedule work with customers and initiate work orders, house requisitions, and orders from stock.
  • Fabricate and assemble structural and functional components of refrigeration system, using hand tools, power tools, and welding equipment.
  • Lift and align components into position, using hoist or block and tackle.
  • Drill holes and install mounting brackets and hangers into floor and walls of building.
  • Insulate shells and cabinets of systems.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Acetylene torches
  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Air compressors
  • Air flow hoods
  • Air volume test equipment
  • Allen wrenches
  • Ammeters
  • Anemometers
  • Bandsaws
  • Belt tension indicators
  • Black lights
  • Bolt cutters
  • Brazing equipment
  • Bubble levels
  • Calipers
  • Capacitance testers
  • Carbon dioxide CO2 testers
  • Carbon monoxide evaluators
  • Caulking guns
  • Chalk lines
  • Charging cylinders
  • Charging manifolds
  • Cold chisels
  • Combustion analyzers
  • Compound gauges
  • Computer diagnostic devices
  • Conduit benders
  • Cordless drills
  • Crowbars
  • Current simulators
  • Dataloggers
  • Decibel meters
  • Dial indicators
  • Draft gauges
  • Drill bit sets
  • Electric drills
  • Electrical frequency indicators
  • Fall arrest lines
  • Feeler gauges
  • Fin combs
  • Fish tapes
  • Flaring tools
  • Flowmeters
  • Forklifts
  • Gas pressure gauges
  • Glue guns
  • Grease guns
  • Ground fault circuit interrupter GFCI testers
  • Hacksaws
  • Hammers
  • Hand drills
  • Hand sprayers
  • Hand trucks
  • Handheld thermometers
  • Hoists
  • Hold down clamps
  • Hole saws
  • Humidity simulators
  • Image scanners
  • Industrial vacuums
  • Infrared thermography cameras and display units
  • Jacks
  • Knockout punches
  • Labeling machines
  • Ladders
  • Laptop computers
  • Laser levels
  • Laser printers
  • Litmus papers
  • Lug crimping tool dies
  • Magnehelic gauges
  • Manometers
  • Material alignment jigs
  • Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Megohmmeters
  • Micrometers
  • Micron gauges
  • Milliammeters
  • Multimeters
  • Nut drivers
  • Open end wrenches
  • Oxygen testers
  • Personal computers
  • Phase rotation meters
  • Pipe cutters
  • Pipe dies
  • Pipe threaders
  • Pipe wrenches
  • Pitot tubes
  • Platform lifts
  • Plotters
  • Portable refractometers
  • Potentiometers
  • Power drills
  • Power saws
  • Power washers
  • Precision levels
  • Pressure simulators
  • Psychrometers
  • Pullers
  • Punches
  • Reamers
  • Reciprocating saws
  • Recovery and recycle units
  • Refrigerant leak detectors
  • Refrigerant oil pumps
  • Respirators
  • Rulers
  • Safety belts
  • Safety glasses
  • Safety goggles
  • Safety harnesses
  • Scaffolding
  • Scale rules
  • Scrapers
  • Screw extractor sets
  • Screwdrivers
  • Scribers
  • Service manifold sets
  • Shackles
  • Side cutting pliers
  • Slings
  • Smoke testers
  • Socket wrench sets
  • Soldering guns
  • Soldering irons
  • Spectrometers
  • Squares
  • Staging equipment
  • Staging winches
  • Straightedges
  • Strobe tachometers
  • Swaging tools
  • Tachometers
  • Tap sets
  • Tape measures
  • Telescoping boom trucks
  • Temperature gauges
  • Temperature simulators
  • Thermocouple testers
  • Tin snips
  • Torque wrenches
  • Transfer pumps
  • Transit levels
  • Tube cutters
  • Two way radios
  • Utility knives
  • Vacuum gauges
  • Vacuum pumps
  • Valve wrenches
  • Velometers
  • Vernier calipers
  • Vibration analyis equipment
  • Volt-ohm meters VOM
  • Voltage simulators
  • Water levels
  • Water temperature gauges
  • Watt transducers
  • Wattmeters
  • Wire brushes
  • Wire cutters
  • Wire strippers
  • Database software
  • Facility energy management software
  • Johnson Controls Metasys
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software


  • installation maintenance and repair


    industry stats

    SOC: 49-0000

    Total Employed: 5,374,150

    Average Annual Salary: $45,990