Sheet Metal Workers
SOC: 47-2211.00

Description:

Fabricate, assemble, install, and repair sheet metal products and equipment, such as ducts, control boxes, drainpipes, and furnace casings. Work may involve any of the following: setting up and operating fabricating machines to cut, bend, and straighten sheet metal; shaping metal over anvils, blocks, or forms using hammer; operating soldering and welding equipment to join sheet metal parts; or inspecting, assembling, and smoothing seams and joints of burred surfaces. Includes sheet metal duct installers who install prefabricated sheet metal ducts used for heating, air conditioning, or other purposes.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
141,000 employed

Projected (2024):
150,500 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Air Conditioning Installer
  • Air Conditioning or Heating Duct Installer
  • Air Conditioning Sheet Metal Installer
  • Air Duct Mechanic
  • Aircraft Metalsmith
  • Angle Bender
  • Aviation Metalsmith
  • Beam Worker
  • Ceiling Installer
  • Chute Builder
  • Coppersmith
  • Coppersmith Apprentice
  • Cornice Maker
  • Cowlman
  • Duct Installer
  • Dural Mechanic
  • Duralumin Mechanic
  • Duralumin Metalworker
  • Extrusion Former
  • Fairing Man
  • Fairing Worker
  • Field Installer
  • Geothermal Sheet Metal Worker
  • Gutter Hanger
  • Gutter Installer
  • Hood Maker
  • HVAC Sheet Metal Installer (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Sheet Metal Installer)
  • Journeyman Sheet Metal Worker
  • Layer Out
  • Layout Worker
  • Metal Ceiling Builder
  • Metal Ceiling Hanger
  • Metal Technician
  • Metal Work Duct Installer
  • Metal Worker
  • Metalsmith
  • Metalsmith Apprentice
  • Sheet Metal Apprentice
  • Sheet Metal Assembler
  • Sheet Metal Duct Installer
  • Sheet Metal Duct Installer Apprentice
  • Sheet Metal Erector
  • Sheet Metal Fabricator
  • Sheet Metal Foreman
  • Sheet Metal Former
  • Sheet Metal Installer
  • Sheet Metal Journeyman
  • Sheet Metal Lay Out Worker
  • Sheet Metal Layout Mechanic
  • Sheet Metal Layout Worker
  • Sheet Metal Mechanic
  • Sheet Metal Operator
  • Sheet Metal Smith
  • Sheet Metal Technician
  • Sheet Metal Work Furnace Installer
  • Sheet Metal Worker
  • Sheet Metal Worker Apprentice
  • Shop Assistant
  • Spouter
  • Spouting Installer
  • Template Fitter
  • Template Layout Worker
  • Tin Worker
  • Tinker
  • Tinner
  • Tinsmith
  • Tinsmith Apprentice
  • Whitesmith
  • Wind Turbine Sheet Metal Worker


  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.

    Education:

    These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Installation
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Geography
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Convert blueprints into shop drawings to be followed in the construction or assembly of sheet metal products.
  • Install assemblies, such as flashing, pipes, tubes, heating and air conditioning ducts, furnace casings, rain gutters, or downspouts in supportive frameworks.
  • Select gauges or types of sheet metal or nonmetallic material, according to product specifications.
  • Fasten seams or joints together with welds, bolts, cement, rivets, solder, caulks, metal drive clips, or bonds to assemble components into products or to repair sheet metal items.
  • Fabricate or alter parts at construction sites, using shears, hammers, punches, or drills.
  • Trim, file, grind, deburr, buff, or smooth surfaces, seams, or joints of assembled parts, using hand tools or portable power tools.
  • Finish parts, using hacksaws or hand, rotary, or squaring shears.
  • Maintain equipment, making repairs or modifications when necessary.
  • Shape metal material over anvils, blocks, or other forms, using hand tools.
  • Transport prefabricated parts to construction sites for assembly and installation.
  • Hire, train, or supervise new employees or apprentices.
  • Construct components for high-performance wind turbine systems.
  • Fabricate ducts for high efficiency heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems to maximize efficiency of systems.
  • Install green architectural sheet metal components, such as cool roofs or hot or cold walls.
  • Perform building commissioning activities by completing mechanical inspections of a building's water, lighting, or heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems.
  • Perform sheet metal work necessary for solar panel installations.
  • Verify that heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are designed, installed, and calibrated in accordance with green certification standards, such as those of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED).
  • Determine project requirements, such as scope, assembly sequences, or required methods or materials, using blueprints, drawings, or written or verbal instructions.
  • Lay out, measure, and mark dimensions and reference lines on material such as roofing panels, using calculators, scribes, dividers, squares, or rulers.
  • Develop or lay out patterns, using computerized metalworking equipment.
  • Maneuver completed roofing units into position for installation.
  • Inspect individual parts, assemblies, or installations, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, scales, or micrometers.
  • Secure metal roof panels in place by interlocking and fastening grooved panel edges.
  • Fasten roof panel edges or machine-made moldings to structures by nailing or welding.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • AC welding power units
  • AC/DC welding power units
  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Allen wrenches
  • Ammeters
  • Angle grinders
  • Aviation snips
  • Ball peen hammers
  • Bandsaws
  • Bar folders
  • Beading machines
  • Beam compasses
  • Bolt cutters
  • Box and pan brakes
  • Bumping hammers
  • Burring machines
  • C clamps
  • Calibrated flow hoods
  • Calipers
  • Carbon dioxide CO2 monitors
  • Caulking guns
  • Center punches
  • Chain hoists
  • Chalk lines
  • Circular saws
  • Clamp-on ammeters
  • Cleat folders
  • Cleat formers
  • Cold chisels
  • Cold-cut saws
  • Combination snips
  • Combustion analyzers
  • Computer controlled presses
  • Computer controlled saws
  • Cordless drills
  • Cutoff saws
  • Desktop computers
  • Dial indicators
  • Digital multimeters
  • Dimplers
  • Dividers
  • Double seaming equipment
  • Draft gauges
  • Drifts
  • Drill presses
  • Ear muffs
  • Easy edgers
  • Electric drills
  • Electric impact wrenches
  • Foot shears
  • Framing squares
  • Groovers
  • Hacksaws
  • Hammer drills
  • Hammers
  • Hand brakes
  • Hand crimpers
  • Hand dollies
  • Hand notchers
  • Hard hats
  • Hoists
  • Hole punches
  • Humidity sensors
  • Hydraulic hoists
  • Hydraulic presses
  • Inclined manometers
  • Jigs
  • Ladders
  • Laser cutters
  • Laser levels
  • Laser printers
  • Magnehelic pressure gauges
  • Mechanical tachometers
  • Metal inert gas MIG welders
  • Microamp meters
  • Micrometers
  • Millivolt meters
  • Multimeters
  • Nibblers
  • Nut drivers
  • Ohmmeters
  • Oxyacetylene welding equipment
  • Oxygen testers
  • Personal computers
  • Pipe cutters
  • Pipe reamers
  • Pipe threaders
  • Pitot tubes
  • Plasma cutters
  • Plumb bobs
  • Pneumatic hammers
  • Pneumatic impact wrenches
  • Pneumatic riveters
  • Polishers
  • Pop rivet guns
  • Portable plasma cutters
  • Portable spot welders
  • Power brakes
  • Power buffers
  • Power notchers
  • Power presses
  • Power punches
  • Power routers
  • Power sanders
  • Power shears
  • Pressure gauges
  • Prick punches
  • Protective clothing
  • Protractors
  • Psychrometers
  • Punches
  • Ring and circular shears
  • Rivet presses
  • Riveting hammers
  • Riveting tools
  • Rotary punches
  • Safety glasses
  • Safety gloves
  • Safety goggles
  • Scaffolding
  • Scale rulers
  • Scratch awls
  • Screwdrivers
  • Scribers
  • Seamers
  • Set squares
  • Setting hammers
  • Side cutting pliers
  • Single-cut mill saw files
  • Slings
  • Slip roll formers
  • Smoke testers
  • Socket wrench sets
  • Soldering furnaces
  • Spiral duct machines
  • Spirit levels
  • Spot welders
  • Squares
  • Squaring shears
  • Stack thermometers
  • Stencils
  • Straightedges
  • Strobe tachometers
  • T squares
  • Tap sets
  • Tape measures
  • Templates
  • Tempscribes
  • Tongs
  • Trammel points
  • Transit levels
  • Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
  • Turning machines
  • U-tube manometers
  • Unishears
  • V-notchers
  • Velometers
  • Vernier calipers
  • Vise grip pliers
  • Welding facial shields
  • Welding helmets
  • Welding tips
  • Wire cutters
  • Wiring machines
  • Applied Production ProFab
  • Applied Production ProFold
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • Computer aided design CAD software
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software
  • Corte Certo software
  • Data entry software
  • FCC Software AutoPOL Series
  • JETCAM Expert
  • Merry Mechanization SMP/IS
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Windows
  • Parametric Technology Pro/ENGINEER software
  • QuickPen DuctDesigner 3D
  • Revcad Software Sheet Lightning
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Striker Systems SS-Profile
  • UGS NX
  • WiCAM PN4000
  • XY Soft Sheet Cutting Suite


  • construction and extraction


    industry stats

    SOC: 47-0000

    Total Employed: 5,477,820

    Average Annual Salary: $47,580