Plumbers
SOC: 47-2152.02

Description:

Assemble, install, or repair pipes, fittings, or fixtures of heating, water, or drainage systems, according to specifications or plumbing codes.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
425,000 employed

Projected (2024):
474,100 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Commercial Plumber
  • Drain Cleaner, Plumber
  • Drain Technician
  • Fire Control System Installer
  • Green Plumber
  • Heating Unit Installer
  • Hot Water Heater Installer
  • Journeyman Plumber
  • Maintenance Plumber
  • Master Plumber
  • Plumber
  • Plumber Apprentice
  • Plumber Gasfitter
  • Plumbing and Heating Mechanic
  • Plumbing Mechanic
  • Plumbing Technician
  • Residential Plumber
  • Service Plumber
  • Service Technician
  • Soft Water Mechanic
  • Water Softener Installer
  • Water Softener Servicer
  • Water Softener Servicer and Installer


  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

    Education:

    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Installation
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Assemble pipe sections, tubing, or fittings, using couplings, clamps, screws, bolts, cement, plastic solvent, caulking, or soldering, brazing, or welding equipment.
  • Fill pipes or plumbing fixtures with water or air and observe pressure gauges to detect and locate leaks.
  • Review blueprints, building codes, or specifications to determine work details or procedures.
  • Locate and mark the position of pipe installations, connections, passage holes, or fixtures in structures, using measuring instruments such as rulers or levels.
  • Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe to required angle, using hand or power tools or machines such as pipe cutters, pipe-threading machines, or pipe-bending machines.
  • Install pipe assemblies, fittings, valves, appliances such as dishwashers or water heaters, or fixtures such as sinks or toilets, using hand or power tools.
  • Cut openings in structures to accommodate pipes or pipe fittings, using hand or power tools.
  • Anchor steel supports from ceiling joists to hold pipes in place.
  • Maintain or repair plumbing by replacing defective washers, replacing or mending broken pipes, or opening clogged drains.
  • Direct helpers engaged in pipe cutting, preassembly, or installation of plumbing systems or components.
  • Install underground storm, sanitary, or water piping systems, extending piping as needed to connect fixtures and plumbing.
  • Weld small pipes or special piping, using specialized techniques, equipment, or materials, such as computer-assisted welding or microchip fabrication.
  • Calculate costs or savings for water- or energy-efficient appliances or systems.
  • Compile information on governmental incentive programs related to the installation of energy or water saving plumbing systems or devices.
  • Determine sizing requirements for solar hot water heating systems, taking into account factors such as site orientation, load calculations, or storage capacity requirements.
  • Install alternative water sources, such as rainwater harvesting systems or graywater reuse systems.
  • Install green plumbing equipment, such as faucet flow restrictors, dual-flush or pressure-assisted flush toilets, or tankless hot water heaters.
  • Install, test, or commission solar thermal or solar photovoltaic hot water heating systems.
  • Perform domestic plumbing audits to identify ways in which customers might reduce consumption of water or energy.
  • Recommend energy or water saving products, such as low-flow faucets or shower heads, water-saving toilets, or high-efficiency hot water heaters.
  • Keep records of work assignments.
  • Estimate time, material, or labor costs for use in project plans.
  • Inspect structures to assess material or equipment needs, to establish the sequence of pipe installations, or to plan installation around obstructions such as electrical wiring.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Acetylene torches
  • Adjustable slip lock nut wrenches
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Air compressors
  • Air pressure gauges
  • Allen wrenches
  • Augers
  • Backhoes
  • Ball peen hammers
  • Bandsaws
  • Basin wrenches
  • Basket strainer wrenches
  • Bench chain vises
  • Bench yoke vises
  • Bibb seat tools
  • Bolt cutters
  • Brazing equipment
  • Butane torches
  • Cable saws
  • Calipers
  • Caulking guns
  • Chain tongs
  • Chain wrenches
  • Channel lock pliers
  • Claw hammers
  • Cleanout plug wrenches
  • Compound leverage wrenches
  • Comprehensive water gauges
  • Compression sleeve pullers
  • Copper cutting machines
  • Crescent wrenches
  • Crowbars
  • Deburring tools
  • Desktop computers
  • Diagonal cutting pliers
  • Direct tap machines
  • Drain cleaning cables
  • Dump trucks
  • End pipe wrenches
  • Explosimeters
  • Faucet handle pullers
  • Faucet stem and cartridge pullers
  • Flaring tools
  • Flat blade screwdrivers
  • Forklifts
  • Four-in-one keys
  • Gas leak detection devices
  • Gasket cutters
  • Generators
  • Hacksaws
  • Hand spinners
  • Heat guns
  • Heavy duty drain cleaning machines
  • Heavy duty water pressure gauges
  • Hex wrenches
  • Hole cutting tools
  • Hollow core socket wrenches
  • Impact hammers
  • Inductive clamps
  • Inner/outer reamers
  • Internal wrenches
  • Laser alignment tools
  • Laser printers
  • Lathes
  • Levels
  • Light pickup trucks
  • Line locators
  • Locking pliers
  • Magnetic locators
  • Manual ratchet threader sets
  • Maximum reading water pressure gauges
  • Measuring tapes
  • Mini hacksaws
  • Mini tubing cutters
  • Moisture meters
  • No hub torque wrenches
  • Non-contact infrared thermometers
  • Notebook computers
  • Offset pipe wrenches
  • Oilers
  • One stop wrenches
  • Pedestal sink wrenches
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Phillips head screwdrivers
  • Pipe cutters
  • Pipe extractors
  • Pipe freezing kits
  • Pipe taps
  • Pipe welding vises
  • Pipe wrenches
  • Plastic nut basin wrenches
  • Plastic pipe/conduit die heads
  • Plumb bobs
  • Plungers
  • Polyvinyl chloride PVC cutters
  • Polyvinyl chloride PVC saws
  • Pop-up plug wrenches
  • Power pipe cutters
  • Power pipe threading machines
  • Power sink machine drain cleaners
  • Power spinners
  • Pressurized water pigs
  • Propane torches
  • Rapwrenches
  • Ratcheting box wrenches
  • Ratcheting polyvinyl chloride PVC cutters
  • Rebar locators
  • Receding threaders
  • Reciprocating saws
  • Right-angle drills
  • Rodders
  • Roll groovers
  • Root ranger jetter nozzles
  • Rotary hammers
  • Rubber strap wrenches
  • Seat dressers
  • Seat wrenches
  • Sectional drain cleaning machines
  • Sewage pumps
  • Sewer tapes
  • Shears
  • Shielded arc welding tools
  • Shower valve socket wrenches
  • Shut-off keys
  • Six-step faucet seat wrenches
  • Slip joint pliers
  • Soil pipe cutters
  • Soldering equipment
  • Spiral ratchet pipe reamers
  • Spud wrenches
  • Staple guns
  • Stillson wrenches
  • Straight pipe wrenches
  • Straight-fluted pipe reamers
  • Strainer wrenches
  • Strap wrenches
  • Sump pumps
  • Swaging tools
  • Tablet computers
  • Tapping tools
  • Telescopic inspection mirrors
  • Telescoping basin wrenches
  • Thread repair files
  • Threading machine die heads
  • Three-way pipe threaders
  • Tin snips
  • Toilet augers
  • Torpedo levels
  • Transmitters
  • Trenchers
  • Tripod vises
  • Tristand chain vises
  • Trutest smoke detectors
  • Tub drain removers
  • Tube bending springs
  • Tube crimping tools
  • Tubing cutters
  • Two way radios
  • Ultrasonic leak detectors
  • Universal nut wrenches
  • Utility knives
  • Utility pumps
  • Vacuum gauges
  • Vibration analyzers
  • Video diagnostic tools
  • Vise grip pliers
  • Water heater element removal wrenches
  • Water jetters
  • Water meter keys
  • Water pressure gauges
  • Water pump pliers
  • Water stoppers
  • Welders
  • Welding hoods
  • Wide roll pipe cutters
  • Atlas Construction Business Forms
  • Autodesk Building Systems
  • Bookkeeping software
  • Contractor City Contractor Forms Pack
  • Database software
  • Drawing and drafting software
  • Elite Software DPIPE
  • Elite Software FIRE
  • Elite Software HSYM
  • Elite Software Plumbing CAD
  • Elite Software Spipe
  • Elite Software Sprinkler CAD
  • Email software
  • Estimating software
  • FastEST FastPipe
  • FastEST software
  • Heat loss calculation software
  • Horizon Engineering Sigma Plumbing Calculator
  • Insight Direct ServiceCEO
  • Intuit QuickBooks software
  • Intuit Quicken software
  • Job costing software
  • Klear Estimator
  • KRS Enterprises Service First!
  • Maintenance management software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • PricePoint software
  • Quote Software QuoteExpress
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Vision InfoSoft Plumbing Bid Manager
  • Wilhelm Publishing Threshold
  • Wintac Pro Software
  • Word processing software


  • construction and extraction


    industry stats

    SOC: 47-0000

    Total Employed: 5,477,820

    Average Annual Salary: $47,580