Forest and Conservation Workers
SOC: 45-4011.00


Under supervision, perform manual labor necessary to develop, maintain, or protect areas such as forests, forested areas, woodlands, wetlands, and rangelands through such activities as raising and transporting seedlings; combating insects, pests, and diseases harmful to plant life; and building structures to control water, erosion, and leaching of soil. Includes forester aides, seedling pullers, and tree planters.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
14,000 employed

Projected (2024):
14,600 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Blister Rust Eradicator
  • Box Chipper
  • Box Cutter
  • Box Puller
  • Boxer
  • Brusher
  • Chemical Sprayer
  • Chopper
  • Christmas Tree Farm Worker
  • Christmas Tree Grader
  • Christmas Tree Grower
  • Cone Picker
  • Conservation Coordinator
  • Conservation Officer
  • Conservation Specialist
  • Conservation Worker
  • Crew Leader
  • Cupper
  • Dipper
  • Farm Hand
  • Farmer
  • Fern Cutter
  • Fern Gatherer
  • Fern Picker
  • Field Laborer
  • Foreman
  • Forest Aide
  • Forest and Conservation Worker
  • Forest Nursery Worker
  • Forest Products Gatherer
  • Forest Ranger
  • Forest Resource Specialist
  • Forest Worker
  • Forester Aide
  • Forestry Conservation Worker
  • Forestry Farm Laborer
  • Forestry Laborer
  • Forestry Support Specialist
  • Gatherer
  • Geographic Information Systems Coordinator (GIS Coordinator)
  • Greens Picker
  • Greens Tier
  • Ground Crewman
  • Growth Hacker
  • Gum Dipper
  • Hacker
  • Land Conservation Specialist
  • Moss Picker
  • Nut Picker
  • Palm Gatherer
  • Park Maintainer
  • Pitch Gatherer
  • Raker
  • Range Aide
  • Rangelands Conservation Laborer
  • Reforestation Worker
  • Sap Gatherer
  • Scrape Gatherer
  • Seasonal Greenery Bundler
  • Seedling Puller
  • Seedling Sorter
  • Spanish Moss Picker
  • Tar Heel
  • Timber Deadener
  • Timber Killer
  • Timber Poisoner
  • Tree Chipper
  • Tree Climber
  • Tree Deadener
  • Tree Killer
  • Tree Planter
  • Tree Sapper
  • Tree Scout
  • Tree Tapping Laborer
  • Tree Trimmer
  • Tree Wrapper
  • Turpentiner
  • Wetlands Conservation Laborer
  • Woods Laborer
  • Woodsman
  • Yarrow Gatherer

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Check equipment to ensure that it is operating properly.
  • Confer with other workers to discuss issues such as safety, cutting heights, or work needs.
  • Fight forest fires or perform prescribed burning tasks under the direction of fire suppression officers or forestry technicians.
  • Perform fire protection or suppression duties, such as constructing fire breaks or disposing of brush.
  • Select or cut trees according to markings or sizes, types, or grades.
  • Identify diseased or undesirable trees and remove them, using power saws or hand saws.
  • Spray or inject vegetation with insecticides to kill insects or to protect against disease or with herbicides to reduce competing vegetation.
  • Drag cut trees from cutting areas and load trees onto trucks.
  • Thin or space trees, using power thinning saws.
  • Maintain tallies of trees examined and counted during tree marking or measuring efforts.
  • Gather, package, or deliver forest products to buyers.
  • Erect signs or fences, using posthole diggers, shovels, or other hand tools.
  • Prune or shear tree tops or limbs to control growth, increase density, or improve shape.
  • Select tree seedlings, prepare the ground, or plant the trees in reforestation areas, using manual planting tools.
  • Provide assistance to forest survey crews by clearing site-lines, holding measuring tools, or setting stakes.
  • Explain or enforce regulations regarding camping, vehicle use, fires, use of buildings, or sanitation.
  • Operate skidders, bulldozers, or other prime movers to pull a variety of scarification or site preparation equipment over areas to be regenerated.
  • Examine and grade trees according to standard charts and staple color-coded grade tags to limbs.
  • Maintain campsites or recreational areas, replenishing firewood or other supplies and cleaning kitchens or restrooms.
  • Sow or harvest cover crops, such as alfalfa.
  • Sort tree seedlings, discarding substandard seedlings, according to standard charts or verbal instructions.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Backhoes
  • Backpack sprayers
  • Brush hogs
  • Chain saws
  • Claw hammers
  • Dibblers
  • Directional compasses
  • Dump trucks
  • Electronic measuring devices
  • Epicormic knives
  • Fire plows
  • Fire trucks
  • Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles
  • Geodetic ground global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Hand saws
  • Hard hats
  • Harvesting machines
  • Herbicide sprayers
  • Loppers
  • Mattocks
  • Measuring tapes
  • Motorboats
  • Multipurpose tractors
  • Personal computers
  • Phillips head screwdrivers
  • Planting drills
  • Portable data collectors
  • Portable ladders
  • Power drills
  • Protective ear muffs
  • Pruning saws
  • Riding mowers
  • Spades
  • Spray guns
  • Straight screwdrivers
  • Two way radios
  • Water pumps
  • Weedeaters
  • ESRI ArcGIS software
  • Geographic information system GIS software
  • Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word

  • farming fishing and forestry

    industry stats

    SOC: 45-0000

    Total Employed: 454,230

    Average Annual Salary: $26,360