Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop
SOC: 45-2092.02

Description:

Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
470,200 employed

Projected (2024):
427,300 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Agriculture Worker
  • Apple Picker
  • Apple Thinner
  • Apple Turner
  • Asparagus Cutter
  • Bale Sewer
  • Bean Picker
  • Beet Topper
  • Beet Worker
  • Berry Picker
  • Berry Planter
  • Binder Operator
  • Bog Worker
  • Brush Cutter
  • Bulb Farmworker
  • Cane Burner
  • Cane Cutter
  • Cane Flume Watcher
  • Cane Flume Watchman
  • Cane Loader
  • Cane Packer
  • Cane Pusher
  • Cane Stripper
  • Carrot Buncher
  • Carrot Harvester
  • Carrot Tier
  • Celery Cutter
  • Celery Packer
  • Celery Stripper
  • Celery Tier
  • Celery Wrapper
  • Citrus Fruit Packer
  • Citrus Picker
  • Corn Detasseler
  • Corn Husker
  • Corn Picker
  • Corn Sheller
  • Corn Shredder
  • Corn Shucker
  • Cotton Picker
  • Cotton Puller
  • Cotton Stomper
  • Crop Duster Helper
  • Crop Farm Helper
  • Crop or Grain Farmer
  • Crop or Grain Farmworker
  • Crop Picker
  • Crop Ranch Hand
  • Culler
  • Custom Grinder
  • Detasseler
  • Digger
  • Ditch Cleaner
  • Ditch Digger
  • Ditch Rider
  • Ditch Tender
  • Ditcher
  • Diversified Crops Farmworker
  • Dryland Farmer
  • Eradicator
  • Farm Hand
  • Farm Laborer
  • Farm Rancher
  • Farm Worker
  • Field Broomer
  • Field Cane Scaler Helper
  • Field Crop Farmworker
  • Field Crop Harvest Worker
  • Field Hand
  • Field Handyman
  • Field Hauler
  • Field Irrigation Worker
  • Field Worker
  • Fig Caprifier
  • Firebreak Cutter
  • Flagger
  • Flagman
  • Food Crops Farm Hand
  • Fruit Cutter
  • Fruit Farmworker
  • Fruit Harvest Worker
  • Fruit Harvester
  • Fruit Loader
  • Fruit or Nut Farmer
  • Fruit or Nut Farmworker
  • Fruit Packer
  • Fruit Picker
  • Fruit Thinner
  • Fruit Worker
  • Ginner
  • Grain Farmworker
  • Grape Cutter
  • Grape Picker
  • Gravity Flow Irrigator
  • Grove Worker
  • Grubber
  • Gun Fertilizer
  • Hammer Mill Operator
  • Harvester
  • Haul Cane Brakeman
  • Hay Buckler
  • Hay Stacker
  • Hired Hand
  • Hoe Worker
  • Hoer
  • Hop Picker
  • Hop Trainer
  • Hop Worker
  • Horticultural Farmworker
  • Hydro Sprayer Operator
  • Irrigation Equipment Remover
  • Irrigation Flume Layer
  • Irrigation Laborer
  • Irrigation System Operator
  • Irrigator
  • Land Clearer
  • Lemon Picker
  • Lettuce Cutter
  • Loader
  • Machinist
  • Migratory Farm Hand
  • Migratory Worker
  • Mushroom Cultivator
  • Mushroom Cutter
  • Mushroom Growth Media Mixer
  • Mushroom Picker
  • Nut Packer
  • Nut Picker
  • Nut Sheller
  • Olive Knocker
  • Olive Picker
  • Onion Tier
  • Onion Topper
  • Orange Picker
  • Orchard Hand
  • Orchard Worker
  • Overhead Irrigator
  • Pear Picker
  • Pecan Gatherer
  • Pecan Picker
  • Pepper Picker
  • Picker
  • Plant Propagator
  • Plant Puller
  • Pole Setter
  • Portable Irrigation Operator
  • Portable Track Line Marker
  • Portable Trackman
  • Potato Loader
  • Potato Seed Cutter
  • Produce Laborer
  • Produce Wrapper
  • Rice Field Worker
  • Roguer
  • Seed Cutter
  • Seed Potato Arranger
  • Shallot Cleaner
  • Shallot Packer
  • Shed Hand
  • Smudger
  • Sprinkler Worker
  • Sprinkling System Irrigator
  • Sugar Cane Planter
  • Tassel Clipper
  • Tassel Snipper
  • Tile Ditcher
  • Tobacco Cutter
  • Tobacco Prizer
  • Tobacco Stemmer
  • Tobacco Stripper
  • Tractor Driver
  • Tractor Operator
  • Tree Tapping Laborer
  • Valve Pipe Irrigator
  • Vegetable Buncher
  • Vegetable Farmworker
  • Vegetable Grower
  • Vegetable Harvest Worker
  • Vegetable Loader
  • Vegetable Packer
  • Vegetable Thinner
  • Vegetable Tier
  • Vegetable Trimmer
  • Vineyard Tender
  • Weed Burner
  • Weeder
  • Weeder-Thinner
  • Yam Curer
  • Zanjero


  • Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.

    Education:

    Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Time Management
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Set up and operate irrigation equipment.
  • Operate tractors, tractor-drawn machinery, and self-propelled machinery to plow, harrow and fertilize soil, or to plant, cultivate, spray and harvest crops.
  • Repair and maintain farm vehicles, implements, and mechanical equipment.
  • Harvest fruits and vegetables by hand.
  • Apply pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers to crops.
  • Inform farmers or farm managers of crop progress.
  • Identify plants, pests, and weeds to determine the selection and application of pesticides and fertilizers.
  • Direct and monitor the work of casual and seasonal help during planting and harvesting.
  • Clear and maintain irrigation ditches.
  • Record information about crops, such as pesticide use, yields, or costs.
  • Dig and plant seeds, or transplant seedlings by hand.
  • Repair farm buildings, fences, and other structures.
  • Participate in the inspection, grading, sorting, storage, and post-harvest treatment of crops.
  • Load agricultural products into trucks, and drive trucks to market or storage facilities.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adjustable hand wrenches
  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • All terrain vehicles ATV
  • Allen wrenches
  • Budding knives
  • Claw hammers
  • Combine harvesters
  • Corn pickers
  • Crop planters
  • Desktop computers
  • Detasselers
  • Dump trucks
  • Feed conveyors
  • Fertilizer spreaders
  • Field watering systems
  • Forklifts
  • Geodetic ground global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Grain trucks
  • Hand trucks
  • Hay balers
  • Hay rakes
  • Haybines
  • Hoes
  • Laptop computers
  • Multipurpose tractors
  • Paint application brushes
  • Paint application sprayers
  • Pesticide sprayers
  • Phillips head screwdrivers
  • Pickup trucks
  • Plows
  • Power drills
  • Power saws
  • Pruning shears
  • Putty knives
  • Rotary mowers
  • Seed drills
  • Shovels
  • Socket wrench sets
  • Soil cultivators
  • Soybean harvesters
  • Step ladders
  • Straight screwdrivers
  • Threshers
  • Tractor-trailers
  • Trowels
  • Utility knives
  • Wood chisels
  • BCL Landview Systems WinCrop
  • Farm Works Software Trac
  • Global positioning system GPS software
  • Web browser software


  • farming fishing and forestry


    industry stats

    SOC: 45-0000

    Total Employed: 454,230

    Average Annual Salary: $26,360