Animal Breeders
SOC: 45-2021.00


Select and breed animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
7,000 employed

Projected (2024):
6,900 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Animal Breeder
  • Animal Husbandman
  • Animal Husbandry Technician
  • Animal Technician
  • Artificial Insemination Technician (AI Technician)
  • Artificial Inseminator
  • Aviculturist
  • Bee Breeder
  • Breeder
  • Breeding Manager
  • Broodmare Foreman
  • Canary Breeder
  • Cat Breeder
  • Cattery Operator
  • Chicken Fancier
  • Dairy Husbandman
  • Dairy Husbandry Worker
  • Dog Breeder
  • Equine Breeder
  • Equine Manager
  • Equine Pharmacology Technician
  • Fur Farmer
  • Hog Confinement System Manager
  • Horse Breeder
  • Horse Trainer
  • Husbandry Technician
  • Kennel Keeper
  • Kennel Operator
  • Large Animal Husbandry Technician
  • Livestock Breeder
  • Livestock Rancher
  • Pigeon Fancier
  • Poultry Breeder
  • Poultry Husbandman
  • Poultry Husbandry Worker
  • Poultry Inseminator
  • Rabbit Fancier
  • Rat Culturist
  • Reptile Farmer
  • Stallion Manager

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Feed and water animals, and clean and disinfect pens, cages, yards, and hutches.
  • Examine animals to detect symptoms of illness or injury.
  • Place vaccines in drinking water, inject vaccines, or dust air with vaccine powder to protect animals from diseases.
  • Select animals to be bred, and semen specimens to be used, according to knowledge of animals, genealogies, traits, and desired offspring characteristics.
  • Treat minor injuries and ailments and contact veterinarians to obtain treatment for animals with serious illnesses or injuries.
  • Observe animals in heat to detect approach of estrus and exercise animals to induce or hasten estrus, if necessary.
  • Record animal characteristics such as weights, growth patterns, and diets.
  • Exhibit animals at shows.
  • Build hutches, pens, and fenced yards.
  • Clip or shear hair on animals.
  • Attach rubber collecting sheaths to genitals of tethered bull and stimulate animal's organ to induce ejaculation.
  • Package and label semen to be used for artificial insemination, recording information such as the date, source, quality, and concentration.
  • Prepare containers of semen for freezing and storage or shipment, placing them in dry ice or liquid nitrogen.
  • Maintain logs of semen specimens used and animals bred.
  • Arrange for sale of animals and eggs to hospitals, research centers, pet shops, and food processing plants.
  • Measure specified amounts of semen into calibrated syringes, and insert syringes into inseminating guns.
  • Inject prepared animal semen into female animals for breeding purposes, by inserting nozzle of syringe into vagina and depressing syringe plunger.
  • Adjust controls to maintain specific building temperatures required for animals' health and safety.
  • Examine semen microscopically to assess and record density and motility of gametes, and dilute semen with prescribed diluents, according to formulas.
  • Brand, tattoo, or tag animals to allow animal identification.
  • Perform procedures such as animal dehorning or castration.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Agar plates
  • Animal blood analyzers
  • Animal blood collection syringes
  • Animal pregnancy testing kits
  • Animal vaccination syringes
  • Artificial insemination syringes
  • Artificial vaginas
  • Automated feed batch mixers
  • Automatic watering devices
  • Birth alarms
  • Branding equipment
  • Compact digital cameras
  • Computer laser printers
  • Dehorners
  • Densimeters
  • Desktop computers
  • DNA typing kits
  • Dummy mares
  • Ear tagging equipment
  • External ultrasound units
  • Handheld computers
  • Hormone testing kits
  • Horse breeding chutes
  • Laboratory benchtop centrifuges
  • Laboratory binocular microscopes
  • Laboratory dropping pipettes
  • Laboratory water baths
  • Laptop computers
  • Laser facsimile machines
  • Lead radiology aprons
  • Lethal injection equipment
  • Liquid nitrogen storage tank
  • Livestock restraint treatment stalls
  • Mechanical laboratory incubators
  • Microchip scanners
  • Ovulation prediction monitors
  • Personal computers
  • Semen collection containers
  • Semen collection kits
  • Spectroscopes
  • Sperm counters
  • Stage warmers
  • Submersible stock tank heaters
  • Tattoo equipment
  • Breedtrak
  • Email software
  • KinTraks
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Questionmark Perception
  • Respondus software
  • Reudink Software ZooEasy
  • VSN International GenStat
  • Winners Programs BirdStud
  • Winners Programs Uni-Stud

  • farming fishing and forestry

    industry stats

    SOC: 45-0000

    Total Employed: 454,230

    Average Annual Salary: $26,360