First-Line Supervisors of Agricultural Crop and Horticultural Workers
SOC: 45-1011.07


Directly supervise and coordinate activities of agricultural crop or horticultural workers.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
47,100 employed

Projected (2024):
43,300 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Agricultural and Forestry Supervisor
  • Agriculture Manager
  • Agronomy Location Manager
  • Agronomy Manager
  • Area Supervisor
  • Boom Boss
  • Boom Master
  • Christmas Tree Farm Crew Boss
  • Christmas Tree Farm Manager
  • Christmas Tree Farmer
  • Cotton Gin Yard Supervisor
  • Cranberry Bog Supervisor
  • Detasseling Crew Supervisor
  • Distillery Manager
  • Distillery Supervisor
  • Diversified Crops Supervisor
  • Farm Boss
  • Farm Owner Operator
  • Field Crop Farming Supervisor
  • Field Operations Farm Manager
  • Forest Nursery Supervisor
  • Greenhouse Superintendent
  • Group Leader
  • Grove Superintendent
  • Grower
  • Hardscape Foreman
  • Harvest Contractor
  • Harvest Crew Supervisor
  • Harvest Supervisor
  • Harvesting Supervisor
  • Head Grower
  • Head Irrigator
  • Head Rose Grower
  • Hoeing Row Boss
  • Horticultural Specialty Farming Supervisor
  • Insect and Disease Inspection Supervisor
  • Irrigation Foreman
  • Irrigation Supervisor
  • Materials Management Supervisor
  • Migrant Leader
  • Nursery Supervisor
  • Orchard Manager
  • Park Worker Supervisor
  • Pest Management Supervisor
  • Picking Crew Supervisor
  • Portable Track Crew Chief
  • Rose Grading Supervisor
  • Seed Production Field Supervisor
  • Shed Workers Supervisor
  • Supervisor Grower
  • Team Foreman
  • Tree Fruit and Nut Farming Supervisor
  • Vegetable Farming Supervisor
  • Vine Fruit Farming Supervisor
  • Yarder Boss
  • Yarding Supervisor

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Inspect crops, fields, or plant stock to determine conditions and need for cultivating, spraying, weeding, or harvesting.
  • Assign duties, such as cultivation, irrigation, or harvesting of crops or plants, product packaging or grading, or equipment maintenance.
  • Observe workers to detect inefficient or unsafe work procedures or to identify problems, initiating corrective action as necessary.
  • Review employees' work to evaluate quality and quantity.
  • Prepare and maintain time or payroll reports, as well as details of personnel actions, such as performance evaluations, hires, promotions, or disciplinary actions.
  • Plan or supervise infrastructure or collection maintenance functions, such as planting, fertilizing, pest or weed control, or landscaping.
  • Prepare reports regarding farm conditions, crop yields, machinery breakdowns, or labor problems.
  • Requisition or purchase supplies, such as insecticides, machine parts or lubricants, or tools.
  • Estimate labor requirements for jobs and plan work schedules accordingly.
  • Direct or assist with the adjustment or repair of farm equipment or machinery.
  • Train workers in techniques such as planting, harvesting, weeding, or insect identification and in the use of safety measures.
  • Drive or operate farm machinery, such as trucks, tractors, or self-propelled harvesters, to transport workers or supplies or to cultivate or harvest fields.
  • Perform the same horticultural or agricultural duties as subordinates.
  • Issue equipment, such as farm implements, machinery, ladders, or containers to workers, and collect equipment when work is complete.
  • Inspect facilities to determine maintenance needs.
  • Confer with managers to evaluate weather or soil conditions, to develop plans or procedures, or to discuss issues such as changes in fertilizers, herbicides, or cultivating techniques.
  • Recruit, hire, or discharge workers.
  • Read inventory records, customer orders, or shipping schedules to determine required activities.
  • Investigate grievances and settle disputes to maintain harmony among workers.
  • Calculate or monitor budgets for maintenance or development of collections, grounds, or infrastructure.
  • Contract with seasonal workers and farmers to provide employment.
  • Monitor or oversee construction projects, such as horticultural buildings or irrigation systems.
  • Perform hardscape activities, including installation or repair of irrigation systems, resurfacing or grading of paths, rockwork, or erosion control.
  • Arrange for transportation, equipment, or living quarters for seasonal workers.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adjustable hand wrenches
  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • Air compressors
  • Blast chillers
  • Chemical injection systems
  • Claw hammers
  • Crop harvesters
  • Desktop computers
  • Drop spreaders
  • Dump trucks
  • Field watering systems
  • Flail mowers
  • Fog systems
  • Forage harvesters
  • Forklifts
  • Front end loaders
  • Grain dryers
  • Greenhouse climate control systems
  • Hay rakes
  • Hoes
  • Manure spreaders
  • Multipurpose tractors
  • Personal computers
  • Phillips head screwdrivers
  • Plows
  • Power drills
  • Power saws
  • Riding mowers
  • Rototillers
  • Round balers
  • Seed drills
  • Shovels
  • Snowplows
  • Socket wrench sets
  • Soil tillers
  • Spades
  • Square balers
  • Straight screwdrivers
  • Tree pruning equipment
  • Water pumps
  • Weed sprayers
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • Payroll software
  • Web browser software
  • Work scheduling software

  • farming fishing and forestry

    industry stats

    SOC: 45-0000

    Total Employed: 454,230

    Average Annual Salary: $26,360