Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors
SOC: 39-9031.00


Instruct or coach groups or individuals in exercise activities. Demonstrate techniques and form, observe participants, and explain to them corrective measures necessary to improve their skills.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
279,100 employed

Projected (2024):
302,500 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Aerobics Instructor
  • Aerobics Teacher
  • Exercise Specialist
  • Exercise Teacher
  • Exerciser
  • Fitness Consultant
  • Fitness Coordinator
  • Fitness Director
  • Fitness Instructor
  • Fitness Specialist
  • Fitness Teacher
  • Fitness Technician
  • Fitness Trainer
  • Fitness Worker
  • Group Exercise Instructor
  • Group Fitness Instructor
  • Karate Instructor
  • Martial Arts Instructor
  • Personal Coach
  • Personal Trainer
  • Physical Education Instructor
  • Physical Education Teacher (PE Teacher)
  • Physical Fitness Teacher
  • Physical Fitness Trainer
  • Physical Instructor
  • Pilates Instructor
  • Recreation Specialist
  • Sports Instructor
  • Water Aerobics Instructor
  • Weight Trainer
  • Weight Training Instructor
  • Wellness Coach
  • Yoga Instructor
  • Yoga Teacher
  • Zumba Instructor

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Fine Arts
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media

  • Tasks:

  • Explain and enforce safety rules and regulations governing sports, recreational activities, and the use of exercise equipment.
  • Offer alternatives during classes to accommodate different levels of fitness.
  • Plan routines, choose appropriate music, and choose different movements for each set of muscles, depending on participants' capabilities and limitations.
  • Observe participants and inform them of corrective measures necessary for skill improvement.
  • Teach proper breathing techniques used during physical exertion.
  • Instruct participants in maintaining exertion levels to maximize benefits from exercise routines.
  • Teach and demonstrate use of gymnastic and training equipment such as trampolines and weights.
  • Maintain fitness equipment.
  • Conduct therapeutic, recreational, or athletic activities.
  • Monitor participants' progress and adapt programs as needed.
  • Evaluate individuals' abilities, needs, and physical conditions, and develop suitable training programs to meet any special requirements.
  • Plan physical education programs to promote development of participants' physical attributes and social skills.
  • Provide students with information and resources regarding nutrition, weight control, and lifestyle issues.
  • Administer emergency first aid, wrap injuries, treat minor chronic disabilities, or refer injured persons to physicians.
  • Advise clients about proper clothing and shoes.
  • Teach individual and team sports to participants through instruction and demonstration, utilizing knowledge of sports techniques and of participants' physical capabilities.
  • Promote health clubs through membership sales, and record member information.
  • Organize, lead, and referee indoor and outdoor games such as volleyball, baseball, and basketball.
  • Maintain equipment inventories, and select, store, or issue equipment as needed.
  • Organize and conduct competitions and tournaments.
  • Advise participants in use of heat or ultraviolet treatments and hot baths.
  • Massage body parts to relieve soreness, strains, and bruises.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Automated external defibrillators AED
  • Balance boards
  • Balance disks
  • Body fat measurement calipers
  • Elliptical trainers
  • Emergency first aid equipment
  • Exercise bands
  • Exercise steps
  • Exercise tubing
  • Fitness jog belts
  • Fitness trampolines
  • Free weights
  • Jump ropes
  • Laptop computers
  • Lower body weight machines
  • Manual blood pressure cuffs
  • Medical tape measures
  • Medicine balls
  • Microphones
  • MP3 players
  • Multi-speaker stereo systems
  • Pedometers
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Physical conditioning treadmill exercisers
  • Pilates training equipment
  • Rowing machines
  • Stair climbers
  • Stationary exercise bicycles
  • Upper body weight machines
  • Water ankle weights
  • Weighted exercise balls
  • Weighted swim vests
  • Appointment scheduling software
  • BioEx Systems Exercise Expert
  • BioEx Systems Fitness Maker
  • BioEx Systems Nutrition Maker Plus
  • Contemporary Web Plus Appointment-Plus
  • DietMaster Systems DietMaster
  • Email software
  • EZFacility Trainer Management System
  • ICTraining
  • Intuit QuickBooks software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • MYOB BusinessEssentials
  • Online River Software Personal Trainer Pro
  • Sage Peachtree software
  • Sage Simply Accounting
  • Visual Health Information The Trainer's Exercise Toolbox
  • Web browser software

  • personal care and service

    industry stats

    SOC: 39-0000

    Total Employed: 4,307,500

    Average Annual Salary: $25,650