Personal Care Aides
SOC: 39-9021.00


Assist the elderly, convalescents, or persons with disabilities with daily living activities at the person's home or in a care facility. Duties performed at a place of residence may include keeping house (making beds, doing laundry, washing dishes) and preparing meals. May provide assistance at non-residential care facilities. May advise families, the elderly, convalescents, and persons with disabilities regarding such things as nutrition, cleanliness, and household activities.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
1,768,400 employed

Projected (2024):
2,226,500 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Blind Aide
  • Blind Escort
  • Care Manager
  • Care Provider
  • Care Taker
  • Caregiver
  • Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA)
  • Companion
  • Convalescent Sitter
  • Direct Care Staffer
  • Direct Care Worker
  • Direct Support Professional
  • Direct Support Staff Member
  • Elderly Companion
  • Family Member Caretaker
  • Geriatric Aide
  • Geriatric Personal Care Aide
  • Guardian Family Member
  • Health Service Worker
  • Home Care Aide
  • Home Care Attendant
  • Home Care Giver
  • Home Care Provider
  • Home Health Care Provider
  • Home Help Aide
  • Homemaker
  • Independent Living Specialist
  • Live in Caregiver
  • Live-In Caregiver
  • Medication Aide
  • Nutrition Aide
  • Patient Care Assistant (PCA)
  • Personal Assistant
  • Personal Attendant
  • Personal Care Aid
  • Personal Care Aide
  • Personal Care Assistant (PCA)
  • Personal Care Attendant (PCA)
  • Personal Support Worker
  • Provider
  • Resident Assistant
  • Resident Care Assistant (RCA)
  • Sitter
  • State Tested Nursing Assistant (STNA)
  • Support Staff

  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed


    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.


    These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Technology Design
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Perform healthcare-related tasks, such as monitoring vital signs and medication, under the direction of registered nurses or physiotherapists.
  • Administer bedside or personal care, such as ambulation or personal hygiene assistance.
  • Prepare and maintain records of client progress and services performed, reporting changes in client condition to manager or supervisor.
  • Perform housekeeping duties, such as cooking, cleaning, washing clothes or dishes, or running errands.
  • Care for individuals or families during periods of incapacitation, family disruption, or convalescence, providing companionship, personal care, or help in adjusting to new lifestyles.
  • Instruct or advise clients on issues such as household cleanliness, utilities, hygiene, nutrition, or infant care.
  • Plan, shop for, or prepare nutritious meals or assist families in planning, shopping for, or preparing nutritious meals.
  • Participate in case reviews, consulting with the team caring for the client, to evaluate the client's needs and plan for continuing services.
  • Transport clients to locations outside the home, such as to physicians' offices or on outings, using a motor vehicle.
  • Train family members to provide bedside care.
  • Provide clients with communication assistance, typing their correspondence or obtaining information for them.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Alarm systems
  • Automatic blood pressure machines
  • Back braces
  • Bed scales
  • Bedpans
  • Blood pressure cuffs
  • Braille printing software
  • Canes
  • Crutches
  • Digital cameras
  • Digital video cameras
  • Electronic patient thermometers
  • Glucometers
  • Hammers
  • Hearing aid devices
  • Hoyer lifts
  • Hydraulic tub seats
  • Lower-body prosthetic devices
  • Mechanical patient lifts
  • Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Mechanical vibrating massage devices
  • Oxygen delivery equipment
  • Paging systems
  • Patient lifting devices
  • Personal computers
  • Screwdrivers
  • Shower chairs
  • Specimen collection containers
  • Speech synthesizers
  • Tablet computers
  • Telecommunication devices TDD
  • Teletypewriters TTY
  • Therapeutic elastic stockings
  • Transfer boards
  • Upper-body prosthetic devices
  • Walkers
  • Walking braces
  • Wheelchairs
  • August Systems Private Duty Home-Care Agency Software
  • Computer reading software
  • Email software
  • MEDITECH software
  • Mi-Co Mi-Forms software
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Voltage SecureMail
  • Word processing software

  • personal care and service

    industry stats

    SOC: 39-0000

    Total Employed: 4,307,500

    Average Annual Salary: $25,650