Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance
SOC: 39-5091.00

Description:

Apply makeup to performers to reflect period, setting, and situation of their role.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
3,600 employed

Projected (2024):
4,300 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Beauty Therapist
  • Body Make-Up Artist
  • Commercial Makeup Artist
  • Hair and Makeup Designer
  • Makeup Artist
  • Makeup Instructor
  • Prosthetic Makeup Designer
  • Special Effects Designer
  • Special Effects Makeup Artist
  • Special Effects Technician


  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

    Education:

    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Fine Arts
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Confer with stage or motion picture officials and performers in order to determine desired effects.
  • Duplicate work precisely in order to replicate characters' appearances on a daily basis.
  • Establish budgets, and work within budgetary limits.
  • Apply makeup to enhance, and/or alter the appearance of people appearing in productions such as movies.
  • Alter or maintain makeup during productions as necessary to compensate for lighting changes or to achieve continuity of effect.
  • Select desired makeup shades from stock, or mix oil, grease, and coloring in order to achieve specific color effects.
  • Cleanse and tone the skin in order to prepare it for makeup application.
  • Assess performers' skin-type in order to ensure that make-up will not cause break-outs or skin irritations.
  • Analyze a script, noting events that affect each character's appearance, so that plans can be made for each scene.
  • Requisition or acquire needed materials for special effects, including wigs, beards, and special cosmetics.
  • Write makeup sheets and take photos in order to document specific looks and the products that were used to achieve the looks.
  • Examine sketches, photographs, and plaster models in order to obtain desired character image depiction.
  • Attach prostheses to performers and apply makeup in order to create special features or effects such as scars, aging, or illness.
  • Evaluate environmental characteristics such as venue size and lighting plans in order to determine makeup requirements.
  • Design rubber or plastic prostheses that can be used to change performers' appearances.
  • Create character drawings or models, based upon independent research, in order to augment period production files.
  • Advise hairdressers on the hairstyles required for character parts.
  • Study production information, such as character descriptions, period settings, and situations in order to determine makeup requirements.
  • Provide performers with makeup removal assistance after performances have been completed.
  • Wash and reset wigs.
  • Demonstrate products to clients, and provide instruction in makeup application.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Airbrushing tools
  • Angle brushes
  • Angle liners
  • Brow brushes
  • Chisel brushes
  • Colored contact lenses
  • Contour brushes
  • Digital still cameras
  • Dome brushes
  • Eye shadow brushes
  • Eyebrow combs
  • Fan brushes
  • Fine detail brushes
  • Flat brushes
  • Foundation brushes
  • Laptop computers
  • Lip brushes
  • Makeup application spatulas
  • Makeup blending spatulas
  • Makeup pencil sharpeners
  • Mascara brushes
  • Mixing palettes
  • Oval brushes
  • Personal computers
  • Pro striper brushes
  • Rouge brushes
  • Round brushes
  • Smudge brushes
  • Spritzer bottles
  • Tablet computers
  • Wigs
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
  • Appointment scheduling software
  • Blogging software
  • Bookitlive
  • Clear Books
  • Client databases
  • DatInf DigiMakeup
  • Email software
  • Facebook
  • Instagram
  • Intuit QuickBooks software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • SavingFace
  • Twitter
  • Web browser software


  • personal care and service


    industry stats

    SOC: 39-0000

    Total Employed: 4,307,500

    Average Annual Salary: $25,650