Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists
SOC: 39-5012.00


Provide beauty services, such as shampooing, cutting, coloring, and styling hair, and massaging and treating scalp. May apply makeup, dress wigs, perform hair removal, and provide nail and skin care services.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
597,200 employed

Projected (2024):
655,600 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Barber Stylist
  • Beautician
  • Beautician Apprentice
  • Beauty Advisor
  • Beauty Operator
  • Beauty Therapist
  • Colorist
  • Cosmetic Consultant
  • Cosmetician
  • Cosmetician Apprentice
  • Cosmetologist
  • Cosmetologist Apprentice
  • Cosmetology Instructor
  • Cosmetology Teacher
  • Electrologist
  • Electrolysis Needle Operator
  • Electrolysis Operator
  • Electrolysist
  • Funeral Home Makeup Artist
  • Hair and Makeup Designer
  • Hair Colorist
  • Hair Cutter
  • Hair Designer
  • Hair Dresser
  • Hair Specialist
  • Hair Stylist
  • Hairdresser
  • Hairpiece Stylist
  • Hairstylist
  • Hypertrichologist
  • Image Consultant
  • Manager Stylist
  • Men's Custom Hair Piece Consultant
  • Mortuary Beautician
  • Nail Technician
  • Salon Customer Experience Specialist
  • Salon Designer
  • Salon Manager
  • Salon Stylist
  • Stylist
  • Trichologist
  • Wedding Makeup Artist
  • Wig Dresser
  • Wig Stylist

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media

  • Tasks:

  • Keep work stations clean and sanitize tools such as scissors and combs.
  • Cut, trim and shape hair or hairpieces, based on customers' instructions, hair type and facial features, using clippers, scissors, trimmers and razors.
  • Analyze patrons' hair and other physical features to determine and recommend beauty treatment or suggest hair styles.
  • Schedule client appointments.
  • Bleach, dye, or tint hair, using applicator or brush.
  • Update and maintain customer information records, such as beauty services provided.
  • Shampoo, rinse, condition and dry hair and scalp or hairpieces with water, liquid soap, or other solutions.
  • Operate cash registers to receive payments from patrons.
  • Demonstrate and sell hair care products and cosmetics.
  • Develop new styles and techniques.
  • Apply water, setting, straightening or waving solutions to hair and use curlers, rollers, hot combs and curling irons to press and curl hair.
  • Comb, brush, and spray hair or wigs to set style.
  • Shape eyebrows and remove facial hair, using depilatory cream, tweezers, electrolysis or wax.
  • Administer therapeutic medication and advise patron to seek medical treatment for chronic or contagious scalp conditions.
  • Massage and treat scalp for hygienic and remedial purposes, using hands, fingers, or vibrating equipment.
  • Shave, trim and shape beards and moustaches.
  • Train or supervise other hairstylists, hairdressers and assistants.
  • Recommend and explain the use of cosmetics, lotions, and creams to soften and lubricate skin and enhance and restore natural appearance.
  • Give facials to patrons, using special compounds such as lotions and creams.
  • Clean, shape, and polish fingernails and toenails, using files and nail polish.
  • Apply artificial fingernails.
  • Attach wigs or hairpieces to model heads and dress wigs and hairpieces according to instructions, samples, sketches or photographs.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Butterfly hair clamps
  • Color application combs
  • Curling irons
  • Cuticle nippers
  • Cuticle pushers
  • Cuticle scissors
  • Desktop computers
  • Detangling combs
  • Digital timers
  • Duckbill hair clamps
  • Dye application brushes
  • Electronic cash registers
  • Fine-tooth combs
  • Fingernail clippers
  • Flat irons
  • Hair clips
  • Hair pins
  • Hair thinning scissors
  • Haircutting scissors
  • Hairstyling brushes
  • Handheld electric hair clippers
  • Handheld hair dryers
  • Heated hair curlers
  • Hooded hair dryers
  • Hot combs
  • Laptop computers
  • Nail buffers
  • Nail cleaning brushes
  • Nail files
  • Rat tail combs
  • Round brushes
  • Safety goggles
  • Shampoo bowls
  • Straight razors
  • Teasing combs
  • Tint application brushes
  • Wide-tooth combs
  • Appointment scheduling software
  • Customer information databases
  • Intuit QuickBooks software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • Sale processing software

  • personal care and service

    industry stats

    SOC: 39-0000

    Total Employed: 4,307,500

    Average Annual Salary: $25,650