SOC: 39-4011.00


Prepare bodies for interment in conformity with legal requirements.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
3,800 employed

Projected (2024):
3,600 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Anatomical Embalmer
  • Apprentice Embalmer
  • Arterial Embalmer
  • Assistant Manager/Embalmer
  • Associate Embalmer/Funeral Director
  • Chief Embalmer
  • Embalmer
  • Embalmer Apprentice
  • Embalmer/Funeral Director
  • Embalmer/Funeral Director Care Center Manager
  • Funeral Director/Embalmer
  • Funeral Director/Embalmer/Owner
  • Funeral Service Licensee
  • Funeral Service Practitioner/Embalmer
  • Licensed Embalmer
  • Licensed Embalmer Supervisor
  • Licensed Funeral Director and Embalmer
  • Manager, Embalmer, Funeral Director
  • Prep Room Supervisor
  • Preparation Room Manager
  • Restorative Art Embalmer
  • Supervisor and Licensed Embalmer and Crematory Operator
  • Trade Embalmer

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Fine Arts
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Conform to laws of health and sanitation and ensure that legal requirements concerning embalming are met.
  • Apply cosmetics to impart lifelike appearance to the deceased.
  • Incise stomach and abdominal walls and probe internal organs, using trocar, to withdraw blood and waste matter from organs.
  • Close incisions, using needles and sutures.
  • Reshape or reconstruct disfigured or maimed bodies when necessary, using dermasurgery techniques and materials such as clay, cotton, plaster of Paris, and wax.
  • Make incisions in arms or thighs and drain blood from circulatory system and replace it with embalming fluid, using pump.
  • Dress bodies and place them in caskets.
  • Perform the duties of funeral directors, including coordinating funeral activities.
  • Join lips, using needles and thread or wire.
  • Conduct interviews to arrange for the preparation of obituary notices, to assist with the selection of caskets or urns, and to determine the location and time of burials or cremations.
  • Attach trocar to pump-tube, start pump, and repeat probing to force embalming fluid into organs.
  • Perform special procedures necessary for remains that are to be transported to other states or overseas, or where death was caused by infectious disease.
  • Maintain records such as itemized lists of clothing or valuables delivered with body and names of persons embalmed.
  • Insert convex celluloid or cotton between eyeballs and eyelids to prevent slipping and sinking of eyelids.
  • Wash and dry bodies, using germicidal soap and towels or hot air dryers.
  • Arrange for transporting the deceased to another state for interment.
  • Supervise funeral attendants and other funeral home staff.
  • Pack body orifices with cotton saturated with embalming fluid to prevent escape of gases or waste matter.
  • Assist with placing caskets in hearses and organize cemetery processions.
  • Serve as pallbearers, attend visiting rooms, and provide other assistance to the bereaved.
  • Direct casket and floral display placement and arrange guest seating.
  • Arrange funeral home equipment and perform general maintenance.
  • Assist coroners at death scenes or at autopsies, file police reports, and testify at inquests or in court, if employed by a coroner.
  • Press diaphragm to evacuate air from lungs.
  • Remove the deceased from place of death and transport to funeral home.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adult trocars
  • Air brushes
  • Aneurysm needles
  • Angular forceps
  • Arm and hand positioners
  • Axillary drain tubes
  • Barber scissors
  • Bistoury knives
  • Blending brushes
  • Body bags
  • Body positioners
  • Calvarium clamps
  • Carotid tubes
  • Casket lifters
  • Centrifugal force pumps
  • Cosmetic brushes
  • Curved arterial tubes
  • Curved Kelly forceps
  • Curved suture needles
  • Cuticle scissors
  • Desktop computers
  • Electric mortuary aspirators
  • Embalming bulb syringes
  • Embalming fluid pumps
  • Embalming injector needles
  • Embalming machines
  • Embalming syringes
  • Embalming vein drainage tubing
  • Emergency eye wash stations
  • Extremity positioners
  • Eye suture scissors
  • Femoral drain tubes
  • Fixation forceps
  • Gravity injectors
  • Hairpin injectors
  • Head blocks
  • Head rests
  • Highlighting brushes
  • Hydraulic body lifts
  • Hydro-electric aspirators
  • Hypodermic needles
  • Iliac drain tubes
  • Infant arterial tubes
  • Infant trocars
  • Injector needle guns
  • Iris scissors
  • Jugular drain tubes
  • Laptop computers
  • Lining brushes
  • Lister bandage scissors
  • Lower body positioners
  • Mayo scissors
  • Mortuary lifts
  • Nasal tube aspirators
  • Non-clogging post aspirators
  • Paint sprayers
  • Personal computers
  • Powder dusting brushes
  • Protective hoods
  • Protective medical face masks
  • Protective medical gloves
  • Protective shoe covers
  • Refrigerated body storage cabinets
  • Ring cutters
  • Safety coveralls
  • Safety goggles
  • Spring forceps
  • Steam autoclaves
  • Stippling brushes
  • Straight arterial tubes
  • Straight Kelly forceps
  • Straight surgical scissors
  • Stryker saws
  • Surgical razors
  • Surgical scalpels
  • Suture needle holders
  • Thumb forceps
  • Tinting brushes
  • Trocar sterilizers
  • Tube occluding forceps
  • Belmar & Associates Mortware
  • Corel WordPerfect software
  • Custom Data Systems Sterling Enterprise Management Software
  • FPA Software MACCS
  • HMIS Advantage
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • Twin Tier Technologies MIMS
  • Web browser software

  • personal care and service

    industry stats

    SOC: 39-0000

    Total Employed: 4,307,500

    Average Annual Salary: $25,650