SOC: 31-9097.00


Draw blood for tests, transfusions, donations, or research. May explain the procedure to patients and assist in the recovery of patients with adverse reactions.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
112,700 employed

Projected (2024):
140,800 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Certified Phlebotomist
  • Certified Phlebotomy Technician
  • Clinical Phlebotomist
  • Collections Technician
  • Lab Asst
  • Laboratory Phlebotomist
  • Long Term Care Phlebotomist
  • Outpatient Phlebotomist
  • Patient Service Technician PST
  • Phlebotomist
  • Phlebotomist Supervisor/Instructor
  • Phlebotomist, Medical Lab Assistant
  • Phlebotomy Director
  • Phlebotomy Program Coordinator
  • Phlebotomy Services Representative
  • Phlebotomy Services Technician
  • Phlebotomy Supervisor
  • Phlebotomy Technician
  • Phlebotomy Technologist
  • Registered Phlebotomist-Part Time
  • Research Phlebotomist
  • Venipuncturist

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Collect fluid or tissue samples, using appropriate collection procedures.
  • Dispose of blood or other biohazard fluids or tissue, in accordance with applicable laws, standards, or policies.
  • Dispose of contaminated sharps, in accordance with applicable laws, standards, and policies.
  • Document route of specimens from collection to laboratory analysis and diagnosis.
  • Draw blood from arteries, using arterial collection techniques.
  • Draw blood from capillaries by dermal puncture, such as heel or finger stick methods.
  • Draw blood from veins by vacuum tube, syringe, or butterfly venipuncture methods.
  • Explain fluid or tissue collection procedures to patients.
  • Match laboratory requisition forms to specimen tubes.
  • Organize or clean blood-drawing trays, ensuring that all instruments are sterile and all needles, syringes, or related items are of first-time use.
  • Administer subcutaneous or intramuscular injects, in accordance with licensing restrictions.
  • Calibrate or maintain machines, such as those used for plasma collection.
  • Collect specimens at specific time intervals for tests, such as those assessing therapeutic drug levels.
  • Conduct hemoglobin tests to ensure donor iron levels are normal.
  • Conduct standards tests, such as blood alcohol, blood culture, oral glucose tolerance, glucose screening, blood smears, or peak and trough drug levels tests.
  • Determine donor suitability, according to interview results, vital signs, and medical history.
  • Enter patient, specimen, insurance, or billing information into computer.
  • Monitor blood or plasma donors during and after procedures to ensure health, safety, and comfort.
  • Perform saline flushes or dispense anticoagulant drugs, such as Heparin, through intravenous (IV) lines, in accordance with licensing restrictions and under the direction of a medical doctor.
  • Process blood or other fluid samples for further analysis by other medical professionals.
  • Provide sample analysis results to physicians to assist diagnosis.
  • Serve refreshments to donors to ensure absorption of sugar into their systems.
  • Train other medical personnel in phlebotomy or laboratory techniques.
  • Transport specimens or fluid samples from collection sites to laboratories.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Aliquot tubes
  • Barcode scanners
  • Biohazard spill kits
  • Blood collection syringes
  • Blood culture bottles
  • Blood culture incubators
  • Blood drawing syringes
  • Blood gas kits
  • Blood glucose monitoring equipment
  • Blood lancets
  • Blood specimen refrigerators
  • Capillary tubes
  • Culture plates
  • Digital timers
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) pipettes
  • Intravenous IV administration equipment
  • Laboratory centrifuges
  • Laptop computers
  • Laser facsimile machines
  • Medical face masks
  • Microcapillary hematocrit tubes
  • Microhematocrit tubes
  • Microtainers
  • Mobile barcode printers
  • Multi-sample blood collection needles
  • Occult blood kits
  • Personal computers
  • Phlebotomy carts
  • Phlebotomy chairs
  • Phlebotomy practice arms
  • Phlebotomy practice blocks
  • Phlebotomy practice heels
  • Phlebotomy transport bags
  • Phlebotomy trays
  • Protective aprons
  • Safety needles
  • Sharps disposal containers
  • Specimen tube holders
  • Sputum cups
  • Sterile screw-cap glass tubes
  • Sterile screw-cap plastic tubes
  • Sterile vacutainer tubes
  • Transfer pipettes
  • Unopette equipment
  • Urine analysis equipment
  • Vein finding devices
  • Venipuncture butterfly needles
  • Venipuncture needle holders
  • Venipuncture needles
  • Venipuncture tourniquets
  • Donor Management System software
  • Iatric Systems MobiLab software
  • JavaScript
  • Laboratory information system LIS software
  • Medical procedure coding software
  • MEDITECH Blood Bank
  • MEDITECH Laboratory and Microbiology
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word

  • healthcare support

    industry stats

    SOC: 31-0000

    Total Employed: 3,989,910

    Average Annual Salary: $29,520