Home Health Aides
SOC: 31-1011.00


Provide routine individualized healthcare such as changing bandages and dressing wounds, and applying topical medications to the elderly, convalescents, or persons with disabilities at the patient's home or in a care facility. Monitor or report changes in health status. May also provide personal care such as bathing, dressing, and grooming of patient.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
913,500 employed

Projected (2024):
1,261,900 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Care Giver
  • Caregiver
  • Certified Home Health Aide (CHHA)
  • Certified Medical Aide (CMA)
  • Certified Nurses Aide (CNA)
  • Companion
  • Direct Care Counselor
  • Direct Care Professional
  • Habilitation Training Specialist
  • Health Care Assistant
  • Health Service Worker
  • Health Support Specialist (HSS)
  • Healthcare Associate
  • Home Attendant
  • Home Care Aide
  • Home Care Attendant
  • Home Care Giver
  • Home Care Provider
  • Home Health Aid
  • Home Health Aide (HHA)
  • Home Health Attendant
  • Home Health Care Provider
  • Home Health Provider
  • Home Help Aide
  • Hospice Aide
  • Hospice/Home Health Aide
  • In Home Caregiver
  • Independent Living Specialist
  • Licensed Nursing Assistant (LNA)
  • Nurse's Companion
  • Nursing Assistant
  • Patient Service Representative
  • Resident Care Aide
  • Resident Care Associate
  • Residential Aide
  • Residential Counselor
  • State Tested Nursing Assistant (STNA)

  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed


    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.


    These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Maintain records of patient care, condition, progress, or problems to report and discuss observations with supervisor or case manager.
  • Provide patients with help moving in and out of beds, baths, wheelchairs, or automobiles and with dressing and grooming.
  • Provide patients and families with emotional support and instruction in areas such as caring for infants, preparing healthy meals, living independently, or adapting to disability or illness.
  • Entertain, converse with, or read aloud to patients to keep them mentally healthy and alert.
  • Plan, purchase, prepare, or serve meals to patients or other family members, according to prescribed diets.
  • Direct patients in simple prescribed exercises or in the use of braces or artificial limbs.
  • Check patients' pulse, temperature, and respiration.
  • Change dressings.
  • Perform a variety of duties as requested by client, such as obtaining household supplies or running errands.
  • Accompany clients to doctors' offices or on other trips outside the home, providing transportation, assistance, and companionship.
  • Care for children who are disabled or who have sick or disabled parents.
  • Massage patients or apply preparations or treatments, such as liniment, alcohol rubs, or heat-lamp stimulation.
  • Care for patients by changing bed linens, washing and ironing laundry, cleaning, or assisting with their personal care.
  • Administer prescribed oral medications, under the written direction of physician or as directed by home care nurse or aide, and ensure patients take their medicine.
  • Bathe patients.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Abdominal binders
  • Anti-embolism elastic stockings
  • Bathtub seats
  • Bed cradles
  • Canes
  • Crutches
  • Desktop computers
  • Electronic blood pressure cuffs
  • Enema equipment
  • Foot boards
  • Gait belts
  • Glucometers
  • Heat lamps
  • Home care ventilators
  • Hoyer lifts
  • Ice caps
  • Ice collars
  • Knee braces
  • Lower extremity prosthetic devices
  • Manual blood pressure cuffs
  • Notebook computers
  • Ostomy bags
  • Oxygen equipment
  • Patient lifters
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Restraints
  • Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment
  • Upper extremity prosthetic devices
  • Urinalysis test strips
  • Walkers
  • Walking braces
  • Wheelchairs
  • Mi-Co software
  • Web browser software

  • healthcare support

    industry stats

    SOC: 31-0000

    Total Employed: 3,989,910

    Average Annual Salary: $29,520