Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses
SOC: 29-2061.00


Care for ill, injured, or convalescing patients or persons with disabilities in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and similar institutions. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. Licensing required.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
719,900 employed

Projected (2024):
837,200 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Charge Nurse
  • Clinic Licensed Practical Nurse (CLINIC LPN)
  • Clinic Nurse
  • Home Health Care Provider
  • Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)
  • Licensed Practical Nurse, Clinic Nurse (LPN, Clinic Nurse)
  • Licensed Vocational Nurse (LVN)
  • Nursing Technician
  • Office Nurse
  • Pediatric Licensed Practical Nurse (PEDIATRIC LPN)
  • Private Duty Nurse
  • Triage Licensed Practical Nurse (TRIAGE LPN)

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Observe patients, charting and reporting changes in patients' conditions, such as adverse reactions to medication or treatment, and taking any necessary action.
  • Administer prescribed medications or start intravenous fluids, noting times and amounts on patients' charts.
  • Answer patients' calls and determine how to assist them.
  • Measure and record patients' vital signs, such as height, weight, temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and respiration.
  • Provide basic patient care or treatments, such as taking temperatures or blood pressures, dressing wounds, treating bedsores, giving enemas or douches, rubbing with alcohol, massaging, or performing catheterizations.
  • Help patients with bathing, dressing, maintaining personal hygiene, moving in bed, or standing and walking.
  • Supervise nurses' aides or assistants.
  • Work as part of a healthcare team to assess patient needs, plan and modify care, and implement interventions.
  • Record food and fluid intake and output.
  • Evaluate nursing intervention outcomes, conferring with other healthcare team members as necessary.
  • Assemble and use equipment, such as catheters, tracheotomy tubes, or oxygen suppliers.
  • Collect samples, such as blood, urine, or sputum from patients, and perform routine laboratory tests on samples.
  • Prepare patients for examinations, tests, or treatments and explain procedures.
  • Prepare or examine food trays for conformance to prescribed diet.
  • Apply compresses, ice bags, or hot water bottles.
  • Clean rooms and make beds.
  • Inventory and requisition supplies and instruments.
  • Provide medical treatment or personal care to patients in private home settings, such as cooking, keeping rooms orderly, seeing that patients are comfortable and in good spirits, or instructing family members in simple nursing tasks.
  • Sterilize equipment and supplies, using germicides, sterilizer, or autoclave.
  • Assist in delivery, care, or feeding of infants.
  • Wash and dress bodies of deceased persons.
  • Make appointments, keep records, or perform other clerical duties in doctors' offices or clinics.
  • Set up equipment and prepare medical treatment rooms.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Abdominal binders
  • Air fluidized beds
  • Ankle restraints
  • Apnea monitors
  • Automated external defibrillators AED
  • Automated spirometers
  • Bag infusion systems
  • Balkan frames
  • Blood glucometers
  • Blood transfusion drip regulators
  • Bucks extensions
  • Butterfly needles
  • Canes
  • Capillary tubes
  • Circo-electric beds
  • Clinical trapezes
  • Closed infusion systems
  • Compressor tabletop nebulizers
  • Continuous passive motion CPM equipment
  • Crutches
  • Crutchfield tongs
  • Desktop computers
  • Dialysis machines
  • Digital spirometers
  • Electrocardiography EKG units
  • Electronic blood pressure units
  • Electronic compressor nebulizers
  • Electronic stethoscopes
  • Enema equipment
  • Evacuated blood collection tubes
  • Fabric body holders
  • Filtered intravenous IV catheter tubing
  • Flexible nasogastric tubes
  • Frames
  • Gait belts
  • Gastric suction equipment
  • Glucometers
  • Halo traction equipment
  • Handheld spirometers
  • Heart monitors
  • Hemoglobinometer machines
  • Hemovac drains
  • Heparin locks
  • Hollow needles
  • Hyper/hypothermia blankets
  • Infusion controllers
  • Infusion pumps
  • Infusion sets
  • Intermittent infusion sets
  • Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB apparatus
  • Intradermal needles
  • Intramuscular needles
  • Intravenous IV needles
  • Intubation suctioning kits
  • Jackson-Pratt drains
  • Knee braces
  • Lancets
  • Lap belts
  • Limb restraints
  • Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Mercury blood pressure measuring equipment
  • Nebulizers
  • Neck braces
  • Needleless glucometers
  • Needleless intraveneous IV sets
  • Needleless intravenous IV withdrawal equipment
  • Non-invasive cardiac output monitors
  • Non-invasive cardio respiratory monitors
  • Non-vented intravenous IV catheter tubing
  • Notebook computers
  • Open infusion systems
  • Ostomy equipment
  • Over-the-needle intravenous IV catheters
  • Oxygen cylinders
  • Oxygen masks
  • Oxygen supplies
  • Oxygen tubing
  • Patient controlled analgesia PCA pumps
  • Patient lifters
  • Pediatric nebulizers
  • Personal computer PC-based spirometers
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Pneumatic boots
  • Pocket spirometers
  • Portable nebulizers
  • Posey vests
  • Pulmonary function testing PFT equipment
  • Pulse oximeters
  • Respiration monitors
  • Restraints
  • Rotating bed
  • Safety belts
  • Safety infusion systems
  • Safety jackets
  • Safety needles
  • Safety vests
  • Saturation of oxygen SaO2 monitors
  • Subcutaneous hypodermic needles
  • Suture removal kits
  • Syringes
  • Tablet computers
  • Telemetry units
  • Through-the-needle intravenous IV catheters
  • Tourniquets
  • Tracheotomy tubes
  • Traction equipment
  • Traction weights
  • Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment
  • Transfer boards
  • Tuberculin TB skin test equipment
  • Ultrasonic cardiac output monitors
  • Ultrasonic Doppler equipment
  • Ultrasonic nebulizers
  • Urinary catheters
  • Vented intravenous IV catheter tubing
  • Walkers
  • Walking braces
  • Wheelchair belts
  • Wheelchairs
  • Wrist restraints
  • Diagnostic and procedural coding software
  • Electronic medical record EMR software
  • Healthcare common procedure coding system HCPCS software
  • Infusion management software
  • Medical condition coding software
  • Medical procedure coding software
  • MedicWare software
  • MEDITECH software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • Scheduling software
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Telephone triage software
  • Word processing software

  • healthcare practitioners and technical

    industry stats

    SOC: 29-0000

    Total Employed: 8,021,800

    Average Annual Salary: $77,800