Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
SOC: 29-2041.00


Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and extricate trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
241,200 employed

Projected (2024):
299,600 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Ambulance Driver-Paramedic
  • Emergency Department Technician (ED Technician)
  • Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
  • Emergency Medical Technician, Basic (EMT, B)
  • Emergency Medical Technician/Driver (EMT/DRIVER)
  • Emergency Room Technician
  • EMT Intermediate (Emergency Medical Technician, Intermediate)
  • EMT, Paramedic (Emergency Medical Technician, Paramedic)
  • EMT-I/85
  • EMT-I/99
  • EMT-P
  • EMT/Dispatcher (Emergency Medical Technician/Dispatcher)
  • EMT/Paramedic (Emergency Medical Technician/Paramedic)
  • First Responder
  • Flight Paramedic
  • Full-time Paramedic
  • Healthcare Specialist
  • Multi Care Technician (Multi Care Tech)
  • Paramedic
  • Rescue Worker

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Administer first aid treatment or life support care to sick or injured persons in prehospital settings.
  • Operate equipment, such as electrocardiograms (EKGs), external defibrillators, or bag valve mask resuscitators, in advanced life support environments.
  • Assess nature and extent of illness or injury to establish and prioritize medical procedures.
  • Maintain vehicles and medical and communication equipment and replenish first aid equipment and supplies.
  • Observe, record, and report to physician the patient's condition or injury, the treatment provided, and reactions to drugs or treatment.
  • Perform emergency diagnostic and treatment procedures, such as stomach suction, airway management, or heart monitoring, during ambulance ride.
  • Administer drugs, orally or by injection, or perform intravenous procedures under a physician's direction.
  • Comfort and reassure patients.
  • Coordinate work with other emergency medical team members or police or fire department personnel.
  • Communicate with dispatchers or treatment center personnel to provide information about situation, to arrange reception of victims, or to receive instructions for further treatment.
  • Immobilize patient for placement on stretcher and ambulance transport, using backboard or other spinal immobilization device.
  • Decontaminate ambulance interior following treatment of patient with infectious disease and report case to proper authorities.
  • Drive mobile intensive care unit to specified location, following instructions from emergency medical dispatcher.
  • Coordinate with treatment center personnel to obtain patients' vital statistics and medical history, to determine the circumstances of the emergency, and to administer emergency treatment.
  • Attend training classes to maintain certification licensure, keep abreast of new developments in the field, or maintain existing knowledge.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adult Magill forceps
  • Adult non-rebreather oxygen masks
  • Adult stylets
  • Airway suction units
  • Ambulances
  • Bag valve mask BVM resuscitators
  • Battery-powered portable suction units
  • Blood pressure recorders
  • Blood tubes
  • Bulb syringes
  • Bulletproof vests
  • Cardboard splints
  • Catheters
  • Center punches/glass hammers
  • Child oxygen masks
  • Chock blocks
  • Cricothyrotomy kits
  • Curved adult blades
  • Curved pediatric blades
  • Desktop computers
  • Electrocardiography EKG units
  • Emergency medical services cervical collars
  • Endotracheal ET tube holddown devices
  • Endotracheal ET tubes
  • Epi-pens
  • Esophageal intubation detection devices
  • Esophageal tracheal airway devices
  • External pacers
  • Extrication devices
  • Fixed-oxygen equipment
  • Fixed-suction equipment
  • Full-spine immobilization devices
  • Glucometers
  • Hacksaws
  • Half-spine immobilization devices
  • Head immobilization devices
  • Infant oxygen masks
  • Infusion sets
  • Interlink syringe cannulas
  • Intraosseous kits
  • Intravenous IV cannulas
  • Intravenous IV pressure infusers
  • Intravenous IV pumps
  • Laryngoscopes
  • Limb restraints
  • Long arm boards
  • Lower extremity traction devices with ankle hitches
  • Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Meconium aspirators
  • Medical anti-shock trousers MAST
  • Medical suction catheters
  • Monitors
  • Multi-level wheeled cots
  • Nasopharyngeal airways
  • Nebulizers
  • Needles
  • Notebook computers
  • Obstetrical OB kits
  • Oropharyngeal airways
  • Oximeters
  • Oxygen nasal cannulae
  • Patient CO2 monitors
  • Patient restraints
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Pleural decompression kits
  • Pneumatic anti-shock garments PASG
  • Pocket masks with one-way valves
  • Portable cardiac monitors
  • Portable oxygen equipment
  • Preload syringes
  • Pry bars
  • Restraint belts
  • Resuscitation devices
  • Rigid splints
  • Ring cutters
  • Saline locks
  • Scalp vein needles
  • Scalpels
  • Semiautomated or automatic external defibrillators AED
  • Short arm boards
  • Sledgehammers
  • Spinal immobilization equipment
  • Splints
  • Stair chairs
  • Straight adult blades
  • Straight pediatric blades
  • Straitjacket
  • Stretchers
  • Suction tubing
  • Syringes
  • Telemetry units
  • Tourniquets
  • Traction splints
  • Transtracheal jet insufflators
  • Triage tags
  • Two way radios
  • Vacutainer adapters
  • Valve mask resuscitators
  • Venoject needles
  • Vial access cannulas
  • Wall-mounted oxygen regulators
  • Epocrates software
  • HyperTox
  • Informed EMS Field Guide
  • Iterum eMedic software
  • MedDataSolutions Regist*r
  • Medical Wizards ER & ICU ToolBox
  • Medical Wizards ER Suite
  • Medical Wizards Paramedics ToolBox
  • MEDITECH software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office
  • Microsoft Word
  • Mosby's Drug Consult software
  • Palmtree EMS Field Reference Guide
  • Palmtree Pocket EKG
  • Personal digital assistants PDA medical reference software
  • Skyscape Rosen and Barkin's 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult
  • Skyscape software
  • TechOnSoftware HazMatCE Pro

  • healthcare practitioners and technical

    industry stats

    SOC: 29-0000

    Total Employed: 8,021,800

    Average Annual Salary: $77,800