SOC: 29-1199.05


Diagnose and treat visual system disorders such as binocular vision and eye movement impairments.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
50,100 employed

Projected (2024):
56,100 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Certified Ophthalmic Technician
  • Certified Orthoptist
  • Clinical Orthoptist (CO)
  • Orthoptist

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media

  • Tasks:

  • Assist ophthalmologists in diagnostic ophthalmic procedures, such as ultrasonography, fundus photography, and tonometry.
  • Provide nonsurgical interventions, including corrective lenses, patches, drops, fusion exercises, or stereograms, to treat conditions such as strabismus, heterophoria, and convergence insufficiency.
  • Develop nonsurgical treatment plans for patients with conditions such as strabismus, nystagmus, and other visual disorders.
  • Perform diagnostic tests or measurements, such as motor testing, visual acuity testing, lensometry, retinoscopy, and color vision testing.
  • Examine patients with problems related to ocular motility, binocular vision, amblyopia, or strabismus.
  • Evaluate, diagnose, or treat disorders of the visual system with an emphasis on binocular vision or abnormal eye movements.
  • Interpret clinical or diagnostic test results.
  • Provide instructions to patients or family members concerning diagnoses or treatment plans.
  • Refer patients to ophthalmic surgeons or other physicians.
  • Develop or use special test and communication techniques to facilitate diagnosis and treatment of children or disabled patients.
  • Collaborate with ophthalmologists, optometrists, or other specialists in the diagnosis, treatment, or management of conditions such as glaucoma, cataracts, and retinal diseases.
  • Prepare diagnostic or treatment reports for other medical practitioners or therapists.
  • Participate in clinical research projects.
  • Present or publish scientific papers.
  • Perform vision screening of children in schools or community health centers.
  • Provide training related to clinical methods or orthoptics to students, resident physicians, or other health professionals.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adult trial frames
  • Amblyoscopes
  • Animated fixation targets
  • Bagolini lenses
  • Cardiff cards
  • Color vision testing devices
  • Combined vertical/horizontal prism bars
  • Contrast sensitivity charts
  • Deviometers
  • Digital cameras
  • Digital fundus cameras
  • Direct ophthalmoscopes
  • Fixation targets
  • Focimeters
  • Fresnel prisms
  • Handheld fixation lights
  • Hertel exophthalmometers
  • Indirect ophthalmoscopes
  • Lang stereo tests
  • Laptop computers
  • Lea symbols near vision cards
  • LogMAR charts
  • Maddox rods
  • Opaque occluders
  • Ophthalmic lensometers
  • Ophthalmic perimeters
  • Ophthalmic prisms
  • Ophthalmic slit lamps
  • Optokinetic drums
  • Overhead projectors
  • Pediatric trial frames
  • Personal computers
  • Pinhole occluders
  • Portable biomicroscopes
  • Randot stereo tests
  • Retinoscopes
  • Scanning laser ophthalmoscopes
  • Sheridan Gardiner tests
  • Slide projectors
  • Snellen eye charts
  • Synoptophores
  • Teller acuity cards
  • Titmus stereo tests
  • TNO stereo tests
  • Trial lenses
  • Vision testing charts
  • Visuscopes
  • Worth 4-dot tests
  • Computer Aided Vision Therapy CAVT
  • Email software
  • Eye Tracking Exercises Enterprises Track with Letters
  • MAX Systems Max-Gold Medical Clinic Software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • SeeRite Flash and Match
  • Therapeutic orthoptic software

  • healthcare practitioners and technical

    industry stats

    SOC: 29-0000

    Total Employed: 8,021,800

    Average Annual Salary: $77,800