Nurse Practitioners
SOC: 29-1171.00

Description:

Diagnose and treat acute, episodic, or chronic illness, independently or as part of a healthcare team. May focus on health promotion and disease prevention. May order, perform, or interpret diagnostic tests such as lab work and x rays. May prescribe medication. Must be registered nurses who have specialized graduate education.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
126,900 employed

Projected (2024):
171,700 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Acute Care Nurse Practitioner
  • Adult Nurse Practitioner
  • Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN)
  • Cardiology Nurse Practitioner
  • Certified Nurse Practitioner
  • Certified Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
  • Certified Registered Nurse Practitioner
  • Dermatology Nurse Practitioner
  • Electrophysiology Nurse Practitioner
  • Emergency Medicine Nurse Practitioner
  • Family Health Nurse Practitioner
  • Family Nurse Practitioner
  • Family Practice Certified Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner
  • Family Practice Nurse Practitioner
  • Gastroenterology Nurse Practitioner
  • Gerontological Nurse Practitioner
  • Internal Medicine Nurse Practitioner
  • Licensed Nurse Practitioner (LNP)
  • Neonatal Nurse Practitioner
  • Neurosurgical Nurse Practitioner
  • Nurse Practitioner
  • Nurse Practitioner, Adult
  • Obstetrics-Gynecology Nurse Practitioner
  • Orthopedic Nurse Practitioner
  • Palliative Care Nurse Practitioner
  • Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
  • Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
  • Surgical Nurse Practitioner
  • Women's Health Care Nurse Practitioner


  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Fine Arts
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Educate patients about self-management of acute or chronic illnesses, tailoring instructions to patients' individual circumstances.
  • Schedule follow-up visits to monitor patients or evaluate health or illness care.
  • Counsel patients about drug regimens and possible side effects or interactions with other substances such as food supplements, over-the-counter (OTC) medications, or herbal remedies.
  • Order, perform, or interpret the results of diagnostic tests, such as complete blood counts (CBCs), electrocardiograms (EKGs), and radiographs (x-rays).
  • Analyze and interpret patients' histories, symptoms, physical findings, or diagnostic information to develop appropriate diagnoses.
  • Diagnose or treat acute health care problems such as illnesses, infections, or injuries.
  • Diagnose or treat chronic health care problems such as high blood pressure and diabetes.
  • Diagnose or treat complex, unstable, comorbid, episodic, or emergency conditions in collaboration with other health care providers as necessary.
  • Treat or refer patients for primary care conditions, such as headaches, hypertension, urinary tract infections, upper respiratory infections, and dermatological conditions.
  • Consult with or refer patients to appropriate specialists when conditions exceed the scope of practice or expertise.
  • Detect and respond to adverse drug reactions, with special attention to vulnerable populations such as infants, children, pregnant and lactating women, or older adults.
  • Develop treatment plans based on scientific rationale, standards of care, and professional practice guidelines.
  • Perform primary care procedures such as suturing, splinting, administering immunizations, taking cultures, and debriding wounds.
  • Perform routine or annual physical examinations.
  • Prescribe medications based on efficacy, safety, and cost as legally authorized.
  • Provide patients with information needed to promote health, reduce risk factors, or prevent disease or disability.
  • Recommend diagnostic or therapeutic interventions with attention to safety, cost, invasiveness, simplicity, acceptability, adherence, and efficacy.
  • Recommend interventions to modify behavior associated with health risks.
  • Prescribe medication dosages, routes, and frequencies based on patient characteristics such as age and gender.
  • Advocate for accessible health care that minimizes environmental health risks.
  • Provide patients or caregivers with assistance in locating health care resources.
  • Maintain complete and detailed records of patients' health care plans and prognoses.
  • Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in nursing.
  • Keep abreast of regulatory processes and payer systems such as Medicare, Medicaid, managed care, and private sources.
  • Maintain current knowledge of state legal regulations for nurse practitioner practice including reimbursement of services.
  • Maintain departmental policies and procedures in areas such as safety and infection control.
  • Supervise or coordinate patient care or support staff activities.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Angiocaths
  • Apnea monitors
  • Argon lasers
  • Arterial blood gas monitoring equipment
  • Arterial line catheters
  • Automated external defibrillators AED
  • Back braces
  • Bilevel positive airway pressure BiPAP ventilators
  • Binocular light compound microscopes
  • Biopsy punches
  • Blood drawing syringes
  • Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers
  • Cardiac monitors
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR face shields
  • Chest tubes
  • Crash carts
  • Crutches
  • Diagnostic tuning forks
  • Digital medical thermometers
  • Doppler ultrasound equipment
  • Electrocardiography EKG machines
  • Electronic blood pressure monitors
  • Electrosurgical cauterization machines
  • Endotracheal ET tubes
  • Epidural catheters
  • Evacuated blood collection tubes
  • Fiberoptic endoscopes
  • Fiberoptic laryngoscopes
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopes
  • Glucometers
  • Halo traction equipment
  • Handheld nebulizers
  • Head immobilization devices
  • Hemodynamic monitors
  • Hemoglobin analyzers
  • Holter monitors
  • Hypodermic syringes
  • Incentive spirometers
  • Intra-aortic balloon pumps IABP
  • Intracranial pressure monitors
  • Intravenous IV administration sets
  • Intravenous IV cutdown trays
  • Intravenous IV infusion pumps
  • Intubation sets
  • Lancets
  • Laptop computers
  • Lower extremity braces
  • Mechanical intermittent positive pressure ventilators
  • Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Medical examination protective gloves
  • Medical scales
  • Microhematocrit centrifuges
  • Mosquito hemostats
  • Multi-line telephone systems
  • Multiple lumen central line catheters
  • Nasal catheters
  • Nasal suctioning equipment
  • Nasogastric tubes
  • Neck braces
  • Ophthalmoscopes
  • Oral suctioning equipment
  • Orthopedic splinting equipment
  • Otoscopes
  • Oxygen concentrators
  • Oxygen delivery masks
  • Oxygen flowmeters
  • Pacemaker analyzers
  • Peak flowmeters
  • Pediatric blood pressure cuffs
  • Pericardiocentesis kits
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Pneumatic tourniquets
  • Portable electrocardiography EKG machines
  • Protective face shields
  • Protective gowns
  • Pulmonary artery catheters
  • Pulse oximeters
  • Pulsed dye lasers
  • Reflex hammers
  • Safety goggles
  • Skin staplers
  • Snellen eye charts
  • Specimen collection containers
  • Spinal immobilization equipment
  • Straight surgical scissors
  • Surgical scalpels
  • Surgical staple removers
  • Suturing kits
  • Tablet computers
  • Thoracentesis kits
  • Tissue culture incubators
  • Tourniquets
  • Tracheal suctioning equipment
  • Tracheotomy sets
  • Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment
  • Transcutaneous pacemakers
  • Tympanometers
  • Umbilical catheters
  • Upper extremity braces
  • Urinalysis test strips
  • Urinary catheters
  • Vaginal exam specula
  • Ventricular assist devices VAD
  • Visual acuity testing cards
  • Walking braces
  • Allscripts Professional EHR
  • Amkai AmkaiCharts
  • Bizmatics PrognoCIS EMR
  • Cerner Millennium
  • e-MDs software
  • eClinicalWorks software
  • GE Healthcare Centricity EMR
  • Medical condition coding software
  • Medical procedure coding software
  • Medscribbler Enterprise
  • MicroFour PracticeStudio.NET EMR
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • NextGen Healthcare Information Systems EMR
  • PCC Pediatric Partner
  • SOAPware software
  • StatCom Patient Flow Logistics Enterprise Suite
  • SynaMed EMR
  • Texas Medical Software SpringCharts EMR
  • Web browser software


  • healthcare practitioners and technical


    industry stats

    SOC: 29-0000

    Total Employed: 8,021,800

    Average Annual Salary: $77,800