Speech-Language Pathologists
SOC: 29-1127.00


Assess and treat persons with speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. May select alternative communication systems and teach their use. May perform research related to speech and language problems.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
135,400 employed

Projected (2024):
164,300 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Bilingual Speech-Language Pathologist
  • Communication Specialist
  • Educational Speech-Language Clinician
  • Language Pathologist
  • Oral Therapist
  • Speech and Hearing Clinic Director
  • Speech and Language Clinician
  • Speech and Language Specialist
  • Speech Correction Consultant
  • Speech Pathologist
  • Speech Therapist
  • Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP)
  • Speech/Language Therapist
  • Teacher of the Speech and Hearing Handicapped
  • Voice Pathologist

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media

  • Tasks:

  • Monitor patients' progress and adjust treatments accordingly.
  • Administer hearing or speech and language evaluations, tests, or examinations to patients to collect information on type and degree of impairments, using written or oral tests or special instruments.
  • Develop or implement treatment plans for problems such as stuttering, delayed language, swallowing disorders, or inappropriate pitch or harsh voice problems, based on own assessments and recommendations of physicians, psychologists, or social workers.
  • Instruct clients in techniques for more effective communication, such as sign language, lip reading, or voice improvement.
  • Teach clients to control or strengthen tongue, jaw, face muscles, or breathing mechanisms.
  • Develop speech exercise programs to reduce disabilities.
  • Consult with and advise educators or medical staff on speech or hearing topics, such as communication strategies or speech and language stimulation.
  • Design, develop, or employ alternative diagnostic or communication devices or strategies.
  • Conduct lessons or direct educational or therapeutic games to assist teachers dealing with speech problems.
  • Communicate with non-speaking students, using sign language or computer technology.
  • Provide communication instruction to dialect speakers or students with limited English proficiency.
  • Use computer applications to identify or assist with communication disabilities.
  • Conduct or direct research on speech or hearing topics and report findings for use in developing procedures, technologies, or treatments.
  • Evaluate hearing or speech and language test results, barium swallow results, or medical or background information to diagnose and plan treatment for speech, language, fluency, voice, or swallowing disorders.
  • Write reports and maintain proper documentation of information, such as client Medicaid or billing records or caseload activities, including the initial evaluation, treatment, progress, and discharge of clients.
  • Develop individual or group activities or programs in schools to deal with behavior, speech, language, or swallowing problems.
  • Participate in and write reports for meetings regarding patients' progress, such as individualized educational planning (IEP) meetings, in-service meetings, or intervention assistance team meetings.
  • Complete administrative responsibilities, such as coordinating paperwork, scheduling case management activities, or writing lesson plans.
  • Educate patients and family members about various topics, such as communication techniques or strategies to cope with or to avoid personal misunderstandings.
  • Participate in conferences, training, continuing education courses, or publish research results to share knowledge of new hearing or speech disorder treatment methods or technologies.
  • Supervise or collaborate with therapy team.
  • Consult with and refer clients to additional medical or educational services.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Airflow measurement devices
  • Alternative computer keyboards
  • Audiometers
  • Augmentative communication devices
  • Closed circuit television systems
  • Compact disk CD players
  • Compact stereo systems
  • Desktop computers
  • Diagnostic stroboscopes
  • Digital audio recorders
  • Digital cameras
  • Digital video stroboscopy systems
  • Dynamic display devices
  • Electroglottographs EGG
  • Electromyographs EMG
  • Handheld camcorders
  • Headphones
  • Infrared switches
  • Jellybean switches
  • Laptop computers
  • Laryngographs
  • Personal computers
  • Reading pens
  • Recording microphones
  • Sound booths
  • Sound switches
  • Speech therapy mirrors
  • Subglottal air pressure measurement devices
  • Tablet computers
  • Tape recorders
  • Therapeutic voice synthesizers
  • Touch switches
  • Video cassette recorders VCR
  • Video stroboscopes
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Audition
  • Avaaz Innovations AphasiaMate
  • Avaaz Innovations Computerized Speech Research Environment CSRE
  • Avaaz Innovations Interactive Voice Analysis System IVANS
  • Biofeedback software
  • Bungalow Software Aphasia Tutor software
  • ELR Software eLr Extra Language Resources
  • Email software
  • KayPENTAX Multi-Speech
  • KayPENTAX Nasometer
  • Language analysis software
  • Learning Fundamentals Speech Visualization
  • Micro Video Voice Speech Training System
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • Propeller Multimedia React2
  • Signal analysis software
  • Speech analysis software
  • Text to speech software
  • Web browser software
  • Words+ E Z Keys for Windows

  • healthcare practitioners and technical

    industry stats

    SOC: 29-0000

    Total Employed: 8,021,800

    Average Annual Salary: $77,800