Low Vision Therapists, Orientation and Mobility Specialists, and Vision Rehabilitation Therapists
SOC: 29-1122.01


Provide therapy to patients with visual impairments to improve their functioning in daily life activities. May train patients in activities such as computer use, communication skills, or home management skills.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
114,600 employed

Projected (2024):
145,100 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Certified Low Vision Therapist
  • Certified Orientation & Mobility Specialist
  • Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialist (COMS)
  • Certified Vision Rehabilitation Therapist
  • Global Mobility Specialist
  • Low Vision Therapist
  • Mobility Specialist
  • Orientation & Mobility Specialist
  • Orientation and Mobility Instructor
  • Orientation and Mobility Specialist
  • Orientation and Mobility Therapist for the Blind
  • Rehabilitation Teacher
  • Teacher of Students with Visual Impairments (TVI)
  • Teacher of the Visually Impaired
  • Vision Rehabilitation Therapist (VRT)
  • Vision Specialist
  • Vision Therapist

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Fine Arts
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Teach cane skills including cane use with a guide, diagonal techniques, and two-point touches.
  • Refer clients to services, such as eye care, health care, rehabilitation, and counseling, to enhance visual and life functioning or when condition exceeds scope of practice.
  • Provide consultation, support, or education to groups such as parents and teachers.
  • Participate in professional development activities such as reading literature, continuing education, attending conferences, and collaborating with colleagues.
  • Obtain, distribute, or maintain low vision devices.
  • Design instructional programs to improve communication using devices such as slates and styluses, braillers, keyboards, adaptive handwriting devices, talking book machines, digital books, and optical character readers (OCRs).
  • Collaborate with specialists, such as rehabilitation counselors, speech pathologists, and occupational therapists, to provide client solutions.
  • Administer tests and interpret test results to develop rehabilitation plans for clients.
  • Train clients to read or write Braille.
  • Teach clients to travel independently using a variety of actual or simulated travel situations or exercises.
  • Train clients to use tactile, auditory, kinesthetic, olfactory, and propioceptive information.
  • Train clients to use adaptive equipment such as large print, reading stands, lamps, writing implements, software, and electronic devices.
  • Monitor clients' progress to determine whether changes in rehabilitation plans are needed.
  • Write reports or complete forms to document assessments, training, progress, or follow-up outcomes.
  • Develop rehabilitation or instructional plans collaboratively with clients, based on results of assessments, needs, and goals.
  • Assess clients' functioning in areas such as vision, orientation and mobility skills, social and emotional issues, cognition, physical abilities, and personal goals.
  • Train clients with visual impairments to use mobility devices or systems such as human guides, dog guides, electronic travel aids (ETAs), and other adaptive mobility devices (AMDs).
  • Identify visual impairments related to basic life skills in areas such as self-care, literacy, communication, health management, home management, and meal preparation.
  • Teach independent living skills or techniques such as adaptive eating, medication management, diabetes management, and personal management.
  • Recommend appropriate mobility devices or systems such as human guides, dog guides, long canes, electronic travel aids (ETAs), and other adaptive mobility devices (AMDs).

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adjustable task lamps
  • Amsler grids
  • Anti-glare visors
  • Astigmatism wheel charts
  • Bailey-Lovie Acuity Chart
  • Bar magnifiers
  • Braille embossers
  • Braille label makers
  • Braille laptop computers
  • Braille personal digital assistants
  • Braille writers
  • Check writing guides
  • Closed circuit television monitors
  • Color discs
  • Cone adaptation test sets
  • Contrast sensitivity test cards
  • Copyholders
  • Dome magnifiers
  • Envelope addressing guides
  • Eye occluders
  • Feinbloom distance charts
  • Finger puppets
  • Flashlight color filters
  • Flashlights
  • Handheld magnifiers
  • HOTV charts
  • Illuminated cabinets
  • Illuminated magnifiers
  • Large text keyboards
  • Lea crowded symbol books
  • Lea grating paddles
  • Lea numbers 10-line distance charts
  • Lea numbers 15-line distance charts
  • Lea numbers near vision cards
  • Lea single presentation flash cards
  • Lea symbols 10-line distance charts
  • Lea symbols 15-line distance charts
  • Lea symbols domino cards
  • Lea symbols Massachusetts visual acuity test format near vision screeners
  • Lea symbols near vision cards
  • Lea symbols playing cards
  • Lea symbols single symbol books
  • Long canes
  • Medical measuring tapes
  • Monoculars
  • Near vision acuity charts
  • Needle threaders
  • Night scopes
  • Penlights
  • Piano glasses
  • Plastic eye models
  • Pointers
  • Print readers
  • Reading stands
  • Rulers
  • Signature guides
  • Slicing guides
  • Snellen eye charts
  • Stacking rings
  • Stand magnifiers
  • Stop watches
  • Tactile maps
  • Worthmore four-dot test devices
  • Writing guides
  • Ai Squared ZoomText
  • American Printing House for the Blind Learn Keys
  • American Printing House for the Blind Talking Typer Software
  • Arkenstone Atlas Speaks
  • Axistive BigShot Screen Magnifier
  • Dolphin Lunar
  • Freedom Scientific MAGic
  • Internet browser software
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • Verbal View software
  • ZoomWare Screen Magnifier

  • healthcare practitioners and technical

    industry stats

    SOC: 29-0000

    Total Employed: 8,021,800

    Average Annual Salary: $77,800