SOC: 29-1041.00


Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
40,600 employed

Projected (2024):
51,600 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Chief, Optometry Service
  • Doctor of Optometry (OD)
  • Eye Clinic Manager
  • Independent Contractor
  • Optometrist
  • Optometrist, Owner
  • Optometrist, President/Practice Owner
  • Optometrist/Practice Owner
  • Optometry Doctor (OD)

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Examine eyes, using observation, instruments and pharmaceutical agents, to determine visual acuity and perception, focus and coordination and to diagnose diseases and other abnormalities such as glaucoma or color blindness.
  • Analyze test results and develop a treatment plan.
  • Prescribe, supply, fit and adjust eyeglasses, contact lenses and other vision aids.
  • Prescribe medications to treat eye diseases if state laws permit.
  • Educate and counsel patients on contact lens care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements and safety factors.
  • Consult with and refer patients to ophthalmologist or other health care practitioner if additional medical treatment is determined necessary.
  • Remove foreign bodies from the eye.
  • Provide patients undergoing eye surgeries, such as cataract and laser vision correction, with pre- and post-operative care.
  • Prescribe therapeutic procedures to correct or conserve vision.
  • Provide vision therapy and low vision rehabilitation.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • 4-well lens holders
  • 8-well lens flippers
  • Adult fixation targets
  • Amsler grids
  • Autorefractors
  • Binocular indirect ophthalmoscopes
  • Biomicroscopes
  • Broken wheel visual acuity cards
  • Child fixation targets
  • Clear 20 diopter condensing lenses
  • Clear 78 diopter condensing lenses
  • Color vision testing devices
  • Combination refractor keratometers
  • Combined cover paddle occluders
  • Contact lens loupes
  • Corneal pachymeters
  • Corneal topographers
  • Desktop computers
  • Fixation cards
  • Fundus cameras
  • Golf club spuds
  • Gonioscopy lenses
  • Halberg clips
  • Half nylon gripping pliers
  • Horizontal prism bars
  • HRR Hardy-Rand-Rittler plates
  • Hruby lenses
  • Ishihara plates
  • Lachrymal cannulae
  • Lachrymal dilators
  • Lea symbols near vision cards
  • Lens calipers
  • Lens clocks
  • Lensometers
  • Loose prisms
  • Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Multiple pin hole occluders
  • Multiple pinhole mask occluders
  • Non-contact handheld fundus lenses
  • Notebook computers
  • Ophthalmic transilluminators
  • Ophthalmoscopes
  • Optical screwdrivers
  • Pediatric near point cards
  • Personal computers
  • Phoroptors
  • Pupil diameter PD rules
  • Randot stereo tests
  • Retinal cameras
  • Retinoscopes
  • Retinoscopy racks
  • Scleral depressors
  • Single Lea symbol books
  • Skiascopic lens rack
  • Snellen eye charts
  • Snipe nose pliers
  • Sphygmomanometers
  • Tonometers
  • Trial lens sets
  • Wide jaw angling pliers
  • Worth 4-dot tests
  • Yellow condensing lenses
  • Accra Med Software Filopto
  • AltaPoint Data Systems AltaPoint Vision
  • Babcock Winx Pro
  • Compulink Business Systems Eyecare Advantage
  • Digital Healthcare OptoMize
  • First Insight E-Z Frame
  • First Insight MaximEyes
  • HealthLine Systems Eyecom
  • Insight Software My Vision Express
  • Intuit QuickBooks software
  • MAX Systems Max-Gold7
  • MediNotes Charting Plus
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft SQL Server
  • Microsoft Word
  • OfficeMate Software Solutions ExamWRITER
  • OfficeMate Software Solutions OfficeMate
  • Prima Systems OPTIX
  • Scheduling software
  • Universal Software Solutions VersaVision
  • VisionScience Software Acuity Pro

  • healthcare practitioners and technical

    industry stats

    SOC: 29-0000

    Total Employed: 8,021,800

    Average Annual Salary: $77,800