Interpreters and Translators
SOC: 27-3091.00


Interpret oral or sign language, or translate written text from one language into another.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
61,000 employed

Projected (2024):
78,500 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • American Sign Language ASL/English Interpreter
  • American Sign Language ASL/English Sign Language Interpreter/RID Certified
  • American Sign Language Interpreter (ASL Interpreter)
  • Arabic Translator
  • Audio Narrator
  • Bilingual Interpreter
  • Bilingual Secretary
  • Braille Transcriber
  • Braille Transcriber/Tactile Graphics Specialist
  • Braille Translator
  • Certified Court Interpreter
  • Certified Court/Medical Interpreter
  • Conference Interpreter
  • Conference Translator
  • Court Interpreter
  • Cryptologic Linguist
  • Deaf Interpreter
  • Deaf/Hard of Hearing Specialist
  • Diplomatic Interpreter
  • Diplomatic Interpreter/Translator
  • Educational Interpreter
  • Educational Sign and Oral Certified Interpreter, Sign Language
  • Foreign Language Interpreter
  • Freelance Interpreter/Translator
  • Freelance Translator
  • Full Time Staff Interpreter
  • Hourly Sign Language Interpreter
  • Interpreter
  • Interpreter and Translator
  • Interpreter for the Deaf
  • Interpreter-Bosnia-English and Albanian-English
  • Language Interpreter
  • Language Translator
  • Medical Interpreter
  • Official Court Interpreter
  • Paraprofessional Interpreter
  • Per Diem Interpreter
  • Russian Language Interpreter and Translator
  • Sign Language Interpreter
  • Sign Language Interpreter, Deaf/Hard of Hearing Consultant
  • Sign Language Translator
  • Spanish Interpreter
  • Spanish Interpreter/Translator
  • Staff Interpreter
  • Superior Court Interpreter-Spanish/English
  • Technical Translator
  • Translator
  • Translator and Interpreter
  • Translator/Interpreter

  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed


    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.


    Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Fine Arts
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Follow ethical codes that protect the confidentiality of information.
  • Identify and resolve conflicts related to the meanings of words, concepts, practices, or behaviors.
  • Translate messages simultaneously or consecutively into specified languages, orally or by using hand signs, maintaining message content, context, and style as much as possible.
  • Proofread, edit, and revise translated materials.
  • Check translations of technical terms and terminology to ensure that they are accurate and remain consistent throughout translation revisions.
  • Read written materials, such as legal documents, scientific works, or news reports, and rewrite material into specified languages.
  • Refer to reference materials, such as dictionaries, lexicons, encyclopedias, and computerized terminology banks, as needed to ensure translation accuracy.
  • Compile terminology and information to be used in translations, including technical terms such as those for legal or medical material.
  • Adapt translations to students' cognitive and grade levels, collaborating with educational team members as necessary.
  • Listen to speakers' statements to determine meanings and to prepare translations, using electronic listening systems as necessary.
  • Check original texts or confer with authors to ensure that translations retain the content, meaning, and feeling of the original material.
  • Compile information on content and context of information to be translated and on intended audience.
  • Discuss translation requirements with clients and determine any fees to be charged for services provided.
  • Adapt software and accompanying technical documents to another language and culture.
  • Educate students, parents, staff, and teachers about the roles and functions of educational interpreters.
  • Train and supervise other translators or interpreters.
  • Travel with or guide tourists who speak another language.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Compact binoculars
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital audio recorders
  • FM transmission equipment
  • Headsets
  • Infrared transmission equipment
  • Interpreter consoles
  • Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Portable calculators
  • Tablet computers
  • Tie clip microphones
  • Ace Translator
  • Adapt It
  • AmoK Translator
  • Ashkon Translation Pad
  • Babylon Online Translator
  • DocTranslate
  • Electronic dictionaries
  • ExcelTrans Translator
  • Extensible HyperText Markup Language XHTML
  • Google Translate Client
  • HunterSoft Business Translator
  • Hypertext markup language HTML
  • jalada GmbH Just Translate
  • Language Engineering Corporation Translate Pro
  • Lingoes
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • OmegaT
  • Smart Link Corporation ImTranslator
  • Stormdance CatsCradle
  • Web browser software

  • arts design entertainment sports and media

    industry stats

    SOC: 27-0000

    Total Employed: 1,843,600

    Average Annual Salary: $56,980