Court Reporters
SOC: 23-2091.00


Use verbatim methods and equipment to capture, store, retrieve, and transcribe pretrial and trial proceedings or other information. Includes stenocaptioners who operate computerized stenographic captioning equipment to provide captions of live or prerecorded broadcasts for hearing-impaired viewers.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
20,800 employed

Projected (2024):
21,100 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Caption Writer
  • Certified Shorthand Reporter (CSR)
  • Chancery Clerk
  • Court Monitor
  • Court Recorder
  • Court Recording Monitor
  • Court Reporter
  • Court Stenographer
  • Court Transcriber
  • Data Transcriber
  • Deposition Reporter
  • Digital Court Reporter
  • District Court Reporter
  • Electronic Court Recorder
  • Freelance Court Reporter
  • Freelance Court Stenographer
  • Freelance Operator
  • Hearings Reporter
  • Judicial Reporter
  • Official Court Reporter
  • Print Shop Stenographer
  • Realtime Captioner
  • Realtime Court Reporter
  • Roving Court Reporter
  • Shorthand Reporter
  • Stenocaptioner
  • Stenographer
  • Stenographic Court Reporter
  • Stenotype Operator
  • Text Transcriber
  • Transcript Clerk
  • Voice Writing Reporter

  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed


    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.


    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Mathematics
  • Psychology
  • Geography
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media

  • Tasks:

  • Take notes in shorthand or use a stenotype or shorthand machine that prints letters on a paper tape.
  • Provide transcripts of proceedings upon request of judges, lawyers, or the public.
  • Record verbatim proceedings of courts, legislative assemblies, committee meetings, and other proceedings, using computerized recording equipment, electronic stenograph machines, or stenomasks.
  • Transcribe recorded proceedings in accordance with established formats.
  • Ask speakers to clarify inaudible statements.
  • File a legible transcript of records of a court case with the court clerk's office.
  • File and store shorthand notes of court session.
  • Respond to requests during court sessions to read portions of the proceedings already recorded.
  • Record depositions and other proceedings for attorneys.
  • Verify accuracy of transcripts by checking copies against original records of proceedings and accuracy of rulings by checking with judges.
  • Record symbols on computer storage media and use computer aided transcription to translate and display them as text.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Audio tape recorders
  • Desktop computers
  • Dictation equipment
  • Digital audio recorders
  • Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Photocopying equipment
  • Stenomasks
  • Stenotype machines
  • Acclaim Legal Acclaim DepoManage
  • Acculaw Court Reporters Billing Scheduling Job Management System ABSMS
  • Advantage Software Total Eclipse
  • AudioScribe SpeechCAT
  • Chase Software Solutions Court Reporting Software
  • Cheetah International SmartCAT
  • Corel WordPerfect software
  • Courtpages
  • Courtroom Data Solutions Techlennium
  • Electronic Transcript Software ProTEXT
  • Equative TimeLedger
  • ForTheRecord TheRecord Player
  • Gigatron StenoCAT
  • HTH Engineering Start-Stop PowerPlay
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Nuance Dragon NaturallySpeaking software
  • OMTI ReporterBase
  • ProCAT Winner
  • ReporterWorks
  • Stenograph Case CATalyst
  • Stenovations Digital CAT
  • Thomson West LiveNote
  • VocEdit
  • Web browser software

  • legal

    industry stats

    SOC: 23-0000

    Total Employed: 1,062,370

    Average Annual Salary: $103,460