Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates
SOC: 23-1023.00


Arbitrate, advise, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes or sentencing guidelines. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. May perform wedding ceremonies.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
29,700 employed

Projected (2024):
29,900 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Administrative Court Justice
  • Appeals Court Associate Justice
  • Appellate Court Judge
  • Associate Justice
  • Associate Juvenile Court Judge
  • Bankruptcy Judge
  • Circuit Court Judge
  • Circuit Court Magistrate
  • Circuit Judge
  • City Magistrate
  • County Court Judge
  • County Judge
  • Court Magistrate
  • Court of Appeals Judge
  • Criminal Court Judge
  • Criminal Judge
  • Deputy Chief Magistrate
  • District Associate Judge
  • District Court Judge
  • District Court Justice
  • Election Judge
  • Federal Judge
  • General Magistrate
  • Immigration Judge
  • Judge
  • Jurist
  • Justice
  • Justice of the Peace
  • Juvenile Court Judge
  • Legal Referee
  • Magisterial District Judge
  • Magistrate
  • Magistrate Judge
  • Master in Chancery
  • Municipal Court Judge
  • Municipal Court Magistrate
  • Police Judge
  • Police Justice
  • Police Magistrate
  • Presiding Judge
  • Probate Judge
  • Superior Court Judge
  • Superior Court Justice
  • Town Justice
  • Trial Court Judge
  • Trial Court Justice
  • Trial Judge
  • Trial Justice
  • Tribal Judge

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Instruct juries on applicable laws, direct juries to deduce the facts from the evidence presented, and hear their verdicts.
  • Sentence defendants in criminal cases, on conviction by jury, according to applicable government statutes.
  • Rule on admissibility of evidence and methods of conducting testimony.
  • Preside over hearings and listen to allegations made by plaintiffs to determine whether the evidence supports the charges.
  • Read documents on pleadings and motions to ascertain facts and issues.
  • Interpret and enforce rules of procedure or establish new rules in situations where there are no procedures already established by law.
  • Monitor proceedings to ensure that all applicable rules and procedures are followed.
  • Advise attorneys, juries, litigants, and court personnel regarding conduct, issues, and proceedings.
  • Research legal issues and write opinions on the issues.
  • Conduct preliminary hearings to decide issues such as whether there is reasonable and probable cause to hold defendants in felony cases.
  • Write decisions on cases.
  • Award compensation for damages to litigants in civil cases in relation to findings by juries or by the court.
  • Settle disputes between opposing attorneys.
  • Supervise other judges, court officers, and the court's administrative staff.
  • Impose restrictions upon parties in civil cases until trials can be held.
  • Rule on custody and access disputes, and enforce court orders regarding custody and support of children.
  • Grant divorces and divide assets between spouses.
  • Participate in judicial tribunals to help resolve disputes.
  • Perform wedding ceremonies.
  • Provide information regarding the judicial system or other legal issues through the media and public speeches.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Computer laser printers
  • Courtroom microphones
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital audio recorders
  • Digital video players
  • Gavels
  • Laptop computers
  • Laser facsimile machines
  • Multiline telephone systems
  • Personal computers
  • Tablet computers
  • Teleconferencing equipment
  • Videoconferencing equipment
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat software
  • Courtroom scheduling software
  • Email software
  • Instant messaging software
  • LexisNexis software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Online databases
  • Thomson Reuters WestLaw
  • Videoconferencing software
  • Web browser software
  • Word processing software

  • legal

    industry stats

    SOC: 23-0000

    Total Employed: 1,062,370

    Average Annual Salary: $103,460