Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
SOC: 23-1021.00


Conduct hearings to recommend or make decisions on claims concerning government programs or other government-related matters. Determine liability, sanctions, or penalties, or recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or settlements.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
15,000 employed

Projected (2024):
14,500 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Adjudicator
  • Administrative Hearing Officer
  • Administrative Judge
  • Administrative Law Judge
  • Appeals Examiner
  • Appeals Officer
  • Appeals Referee
  • Appellate Conferee
  • Arbitrator
  • Claims Adjudicator
  • Claims Examiner
  • Clinical Appeals Reviewer
  • Commissioner
  • County Ordinary
  • Disability Hearing Officer
  • Disciplinary Hearing Officer
  • Employment Program Representative
  • Hearing Examiner
  • Hearing Officer
  • Housing Court Judge
  • Judge
  • Justice of the Peace
  • Legal Activity Adjudicator
  • Ordinary
  • Parole Hearing Officer
  • Referee
  • Social Security Administrative Law Judge
  • Social Services Analyst
  • Surrogate
  • Traffic Court Referee
  • Unemployment Claims Adjudicator
  • US Administrative Law Judge (United States Administrative Law Judge)
  • Veteran Appeals Reviewer
  • Workers' Compensation Claims Examiner
  • Workers' Compensation Commissioner
  • Workers' Compensation Hearings Officer
  • Workers' Compensation Magistrate
  • Workforce Advisor

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Prepare written opinions and decisions.
  • Review and evaluate data on documents, such as claim applications, birth or death certificates, and physician or employer records.
  • Research and analyze laws, regulations, policies, and precedent decisions to prepare for hearings and to determine conclusions.
  • Confer with individuals or organizations involved in cases to obtain relevant information.
  • Recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or compromise settlements according to laws, regulations, policies, and precedent decisions.
  • Explain to claimants how they can appeal rulings that go against them.
  • Monitor and direct the activities of trials and hearings to ensure that they are conducted fairly and that courts administer justice while safeguarding the legal rights of all involved parties.
  • Authorize payment of valid claims and determine method of payment.
  • Conduct hearings to review and decide claims regarding issues such as social program eligibility, environmental protection, and enforcement of health and safety regulations.
  • Rule on exceptions, motions, and admissibility of evidence.
  • Determine existence and amount of liability according to current laws, administrative and judicial precedents, and available evidence.
  • Issue subpoenas and administer oaths in preparation for formal hearings.
  • Conduct studies of appeals procedures in field agencies to ensure adherence to legal requirements and to facilitate determination of cases.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Computer laser printers
  • Courtroom microphones
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital audio recorders
  • Digital video players
  • Gavels
  • Laptop computers
  • Laser facsimile machines
  • Multiline telephone systems
  • Personal computers
  • Tablet computers
  • Teleconferencing equipment
  • Videoconferencing equipment
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat software
  • Courtroom scheduling software
  • Email software
  • Instant messaging software
  • LexisNexis software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • Online databases
  • Thomson Reuters WestLaw
  • Videoconferencing software
  • Web browser software
  • Word processing software

  • legal

    industry stats

    SOC: 23-0000

    Total Employed: 1,062,370

    Average Annual Salary: $103,460