Judicial Law Clerks
SOC: 23-1012.00


Assist judges in court or by conducting research or preparing legal documents.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
12,400 employed

Projected (2024):
11,600 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Appellate Law Clerk
  • Career Law Clerk
  • Chancery Clerk
  • Child Support Officer
  • Clerk to Justice
  • Deputy Clerk
  • Federal Appellate Clerk
  • Federal Appellate Law Clerk
  • Federal Court of Appeals Law Clerk
  • Federal District Clerk
  • Federal District Law Clerk
  • Federal Judicial Law Clerk
  • Federal Law Clerk
  • Judicial Assistant
  • Judicial Clerk
  • Judicial Law Clerk
  • Law Clerk
  • Legal Clerk
  • Principal Law Clerk
  • State Appellate Clerk

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Technology Design
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Mathematics
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media

  • Tasks:

  • Attend court sessions to hear oral arguments or record necessary case information.
  • Communicate with counsel regarding case management or procedural requirements.
  • Confer with judges concerning legal questions, construction of documents, or granting of orders.
  • Draft or proofread judicial opinions, decisions, or citations.
  • Keep abreast of changes in the law and inform judges when cases are affected by such changes.
  • Participate in conferences or discussions between trial attorneys and judges.
  • Prepare briefs, legal memoranda, or statements of issues involved in cases, including appropriate suggestions or recommendations.
  • Research laws, court decisions, documents, opinions, briefs, or other information related to cases before the court.
  • Review complaints, petitions, motions, or pleadings that have been filed to determine issues involved or basis for relief.
  • Review dockets of pending litigation to ensure adequate progress.
  • Verify that all files, complaints, or other papers are available and in the proper order.
  • Compile court-related statistics.
  • Coordinate judges' meeting and appointment schedules.
  • Enter information into computerized court calendar, filing, or case management systems.
  • Maintain judges' law libraries by assembling or updating appropriate documents.
  • Perform courtroom duties, including calling calendars, administering oaths, and swearing in jury panels and witnesses.
  • Prepare periodic reports on court proceedings, as required.
  • Respond to questions from judicial officers or court staff on general legal issues.
  • Supervise law students, volunteers, or other personnel assigned to the court.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Computer inkjet printers
  • Computer laser printers
  • Document scanners
  • Laser facsimile machines
  • Personal computers
  • Photocopying equipment
  • Tablet computers
  • Aderant CompuLaw
  • Advanced Technologies Class Act
  • American Legalnet eDockets
  • American Legalnet Smart Dockets
  • Canyon Solutions Jcats software
  • Compugov DocketView
  • Corel Office
  • Corel WordPerfect Office Suite
  • Infocom JACS software
  • Justice Systems FullCourt Enterprise
  • Legal Files software
  • Levare Center Court
  • LexisNexis CourtLink Strategic Profiles
  • LexisNexis Lexis Advance
  • LexisNexis Smartlinx
  • LexisNexis software
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • New Dawn Technologies JustWare Court
  • Oracle JavaServer Pages JSP
  • PTS Solutions WinJuris Court Solutions
  • Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER)
  • Syscon Court Clerk
  • Thomson Reuters Elite ProLaw software
  • Thomson Reuters WestlawNext
  • Web browser software

  • legal

    industry stats

    SOC: 23-0000

    Total Employed: 1,062,370

    Average Annual Salary: $103,460