SOC: 19-3093.00


Research, analyze, record, and interpret the past as recorded in sources, such as government and institutional records, newspapers and other periodicals, photographs, interviews, films, electronic media, and unpublished manuscripts, such as personal diaries and letters.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
3,500 employed

Projected (2024):
3,500 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Administrative Volunteer
  • County Historian
  • County Records Management Officer (County RMO)
  • Dance Historian
  • Dramatic Arts Historian
  • Field Court Researcher
  • Film Historian
  • Genealogist
  • Historian
  • Historic Interpreter
  • Historic Sites Registrar
  • Historical Interpreter
  • Historical Society Director
  • Historiographer
  • Medical Historian
  • Music Historian
  • Programs Director
  • Protohistorian
  • Reference Data Expert
  • Research Associate
  • Research Director
  • Researcher
  • State Historical Society Director
  • Supervisory Historian

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Fine Arts
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Organize data, and analyze and interpret its authenticity and relative significance.
  • Gather historical data from sources such as archives, court records, diaries, news files, and photographs, as well as collect data sources such as books, pamphlets, and periodicals.
  • Trace historical development in a particular field, such as social, cultural, political, or diplomatic history.
  • Conduct historical research as a basis for the identification, conservation, and reconstruction of historic places and materials.
  • Teach and conduct research in colleges, universities, museums, and other research agencies and schools.
  • Conduct historical research, and publish or present findings and theories.
  • Speak to various groups, organizations, and clubs to promote the aims and activities of historical societies.
  • Prepare publications and exhibits, or review those prepared by others, to ensure their historical accuracy.
  • Research the history of a particular country or region, or of a specific time period.
  • Present historical accounts in terms of individuals or social, ethnic, political, economic, or geographic groupings.
  • Determine which topics to research, or pursue research topics specified by clients or employers.
  • Organize information for publication and for other means of dissemination, such as use in CD-ROMs or Internet sites.
  • Research and prepare manuscripts in support of public programming and the development of exhibits at historic sites, museums, libraries, and archives.
  • Advise or consult with individuals and institutions regarding issues such as the historical authenticity of materials or the customs of a specific historical period.
  • Translate or request translation of reference materials.
  • Collect detailed information on individuals for use in biographies.
  • Interview people to gather information about historical events and to record oral histories.
  • Recommend actions related to historical art, such as which items to add to a collection or which items to display in an exhibit.
  • Coordinate activities of workers engaged in cataloging and filing materials.
  • Edit historical society publications.
  • Conserve and preserve manuscripts, records, and other artifacts.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Analog-to-digital converters
  • Computer inkjet printers
  • Computer laser printers
  • Data input scanners
  • Digital audio recorders
  • Digital still cameras
  • Laptop computers
  • Microfiche readers
  • Microfilm readers
  • Microphones
  • Personal computers
  • Photocopying equipment
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver
  • Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
  • Archival databases
  • ArchiveGrid
  • Archives Wiki
  • Audio editing software
  • Corel WordPerfect
  • Database management systems
  • Digital image collections
  • Digital mapping software
  • Email software
  • Extensible markup language XML
  • Geographic information system (GIS) software
  • Google Books NGram Viewer
  • Gutenberg-e
  • Library of Congress digital collections
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • National Archives online databases
  • National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC)
  • Page markers
  • ProQuest Archive Finder
  • QuarkXPress
  • Reference management software
  • Scanning software
  • Searchable online catalogs
  • Smithsonian Institution digital archives
  • SPSS
  • Statistical analysis software
  • Structured query language SQL
  • Text mining software
  • TokenX
  • Web browser software
  • Web Scrapbook

  • life physical and social science

    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220