SOC: 19-3091.01


Research, evaluate, and establish public policy concerning the origins of humans; their physical, social, linguistic, and cultural development; and their behavior, as well as the cultures, organizations, and institutions they have created.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
7,700 employed

Projected (2024):
8,000 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • American Indian Policy Specialist
  • Anthropologist
  • Anthropology Instructor
  • Anthropology Professor
  • Applied Anthropologist
  • Behavioral Scientist
  • Chief Knowledge Officer
  • Egyptologist
  • Ethnologist
  • Forensic Anthropologist
  • Medical Anthropology Director
  • Physical Anthropologist
  • Policy Specialist
  • Political Anthropologist
  • Principal Investigator
  • Professor
  • Professor of Anthropology
  • Program Review Director
  • Research Anthropologist
  • Research Director
  • Research Fellow
  • Research Project Coordinator
  • Researcher
  • Science and Technology for Sustainability Director
  • Scientist

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Fine Arts
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Collect information and make judgments through observation, interviews, and review of documents.
  • Plan and direct research to characterize and compare the economic, demographic, health care, social, political, linguistic, and religious institutions of distinct cultural groups, communities, and organizations.
  • Write about and present research findings for a variety of specialized and general audiences.
  • Advise government agencies, private organizations, and communities regarding proposed programs, plans, and policies and their potential impacts on cultural institutions, organizations, and communities.
  • Build and use text-based database management systems to support the analysis of detailed first-hand observational records, or field notes.
  • Identify culturally specific beliefs and practices affecting health status and access to services for distinct populations and communities, in collaboration with medical and public health officials.
  • Develop intervention procedures, using techniques such as individual and focus group interviews, consultations, and participant observation of social interaction.
  • Construct and test data collection methods.
  • Explain the origins and physical, social, or cultural development of humans, including physical attributes, cultural traditions, beliefs, languages, resource management practices, and settlement patterns.
  • Conduct participatory action research in communities and organizations to assess how work is done and to design work systems, technologies, and environments.
  • Formulate general rules that describe and predict the development and behavior of cultures and social institutions.
  • Train others in the application of ethnographic research methods to solve problems in organizational effectiveness, communications, technology development, policy making, and program planning.
  • Create data records for use in describing and analyzing social patterns and processes, using photography, videography, and audio recordings.
  • Collaborate with economic development planners to decide on the implementation of proposed development policies, plans, and programs based on culturally institutionalized barriers and facilitating circumstances.
  • Enhance the cultural sensitivity of elementary and secondary curricula and classroom interactions in collaboration with educators and teachers.
  • Study archival collections of primary historical sources to help explain the origins and development of cultural patterns.
  • Apply systematic sampling techniques to ensure the accuracy, completeness, precision, and representativeness of individuals selected for sample surveys.
  • Identify key individual cultural collaborators, using reputational and positional selection techniques.
  • Gather and analyze artifacts and skeletal remains to increase knowledge of ancient cultures.
  • Organize public exhibits and displays to promote public awareness of diverse and distinctive cultural traditions.
  • Apply traditional ecological knowledge and assessments of culturally distinctive land and resource management institutions to assist in the resolution of conflicts over habitat protection and resource enhancement.
  • Examine museum collections of hominid fossils to classify anatomical and physiological variations and to determine how they fit into evolutionary theory.
  • Participate in forensic activities, such as tooth and bone structure identification, in conjunction with police departments and pathologists.
  • Observe the production, distribution, and consumption of food to identify and mitigate threats to food security.
  • Analyze and characterize user experiences and institutional settings to assist consumer product developers, technology developers, and software engineers with the design of innovative products and services.
  • Build geographic information systems (GIS) to record, analyze, and cartographically represent the distribution of languages, cultural and natural resources, land use, and settlement patterns of specific populations.
  • Observe and measure bodily variations and physical attributes of different human groups.
  • Teach and mentor undergraduate and graduate students in anthropology.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Bucket augers
  • Countertop centrifuges
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA analyzers
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital audio recorders
  • Digital cameras
  • Digital video cameras
  • Digitizers
  • Dust masks
  • Electron microscopes
  • Electronic topload scales
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA plate readers
  • External lavalier microphones
  • Film processors
  • Flatbed scanners
  • Fluorometers
  • Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles
  • Gel electrophoresis boxes
  • Global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Graded sieves
  • Ground penetrating radar GPR
  • High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment
  • High resolution industrial computed tomography CT scanners
  • Hot stir plates
  • Immersion thermostats
  • Industrial micro computed tomography CT scanners
  • Laboratory balances
  • Laboratory binocular microscopes
  • Laboratory dropping pipettes
  • Laboratory fume hoods
  • Laboratory glove boxes
  • Laboratory refrigerators
  • Laboratory vacuum dryers
  • Laboratory vacuum ovens
  • Laboratory water purification systems
  • Laptop computers
  • Laser scanners
  • Liquid handling robots
  • Luminescence readers
  • Mandibulometers
  • Marshalltown trowels
  • Metallurgical microscopes
  • Microcentrifuges
  • Oil immersion microscopes
  • Personal computers
  • Petrographic microscopes
  • pH indicators
  • Plotters
  • Polymerase chain reaction PCR hoods
  • Polymerase chain reaction PCR thermocyclers
  • Portable gamma spectrometers
  • Portable x ray machines
  • Precision saws
  • Protective gloves
  • Remote sensing equipment
  • Selective ion meters
  • Shovels
  • Slide scanners
  • Sliding calipers
  • Spectrophotometers
  • Spreading calipers
  • Steam autoclaves
  • Tablet computers
  • Theodolites
  • Thermal cyclers
  • Thermomixers
  • Thin section saws
  • Total stations
  • Transcription equipment
  • Ultracentrifuges
  • Ultraviolet UV crosslinkers
  • Ultraviolet UV transilluminators
  • X ray cabinets
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator
  • Adobe Systems Adobe PageMaker
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
  • Age progression software
  • Apple Final Cut Express
  • Apple iMovie
  • Applied Biosystems GeneMapper
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • ESRI ArcGIS software
  • GE Healthcare ImageQuant TL
  • Gene Codes Sequencher
  • Genealogy software
  • Golden Software Surfer
  • Image enhancement software
  • Insightful S-PLUS
  • Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft FrontPage
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft Windows Movie Maker
  • Microsoft Word
  • Qaulis Research The Ethonograph
  • SAS software
  • SIL International The Linguist's Shoebox
  • Sony Creative Software Vegas Movie Studio
  • SPSS software
  • StatSoft STATISTICA software
  • Systat Software
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • The University of Tennessee FORDISC
  • Voice activated software
  • Web browser software
  • Wolfram Research Mathematica

  • life physical and social science

    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220