Clinical Psychologists
SOC: 19-3031.02


Diagnose or evaluate mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests, and formulate and administer programs of treatment.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
155,300 employed

Projected (2024):
185,900 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Behavior Analyst
  • Behavior Specialist
  • Behavior Therapist
  • Behavioral Analyst
  • Behavioral Psychologist
  • Behavioral Specialist
  • Behavioral Therapist
  • Chief Psychologist
  • Chief Psychologist/Director of Counseling and Self-Development
  • Chief, Psychology
  • Child and Adolescent Therapist
  • Child Psychologist
  • Clinical Director
  • Clinical Psychologist
  • Clinical Psychologist, Private Practice
  • Clinical Psychologist-Licensed
  • Clinical Therapist
  • Criminal Profiler
  • Criminal Psychologist
  • Developmental Psychologist
  • Eating Disorder Specialist
  • Experimental Psychologist
  • Forensic Psychologist
  • Licensed Clinical Psychologist
  • Licensed Clinical Psychologist, Private Practice
  • Licensed Psychologist
  • Licensed Psychologist Director
  • Licensed Psychologist Manager
  • Mental Health Unit Lead Psychologist
  • Out-Patient Therapist
  • Pediatric Psychologist
  • Psychologist
  • Psychologist, Private Practice
  • Sex Offender Treatment Professional
  • Staff Psychologist
  • Staff Psychologist PTSD Clinical Team Coordinator
  • Team Psychologist
  • Treatment Coordinator

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media

  • Tasks:

  • Identify psychological, emotional, or behavioral issues and diagnose disorders, using information obtained from interviews, tests, records, and reference materials.
  • Develop and implement individual treatment plans, specifying type, frequency, intensity, and duration of therapy.
  • Interact with clients to assist them in gaining insight, defining goals, and planning action to achieve effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment.
  • Discuss the treatment of problems with clients.
  • Use a variety of treatment methods, such as psychotherapy, hypnosis, behavior modification, stress reduction therapy, psychodrama, and play therapy.
  • Counsel individuals and groups regarding problems, such as stress, substance abuse, and family situations, to modify behavior or to improve personal, social, and vocational adjustment.
  • Write reports on clients and maintain required paperwork.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of counseling or treatments and the accuracy and completeness of diagnoses, modifying plans and diagnoses as necessary.
  • Obtain and study medical, psychological, social, and family histories by interviewing individuals, couples, or families and by reviewing records.
  • Consult reference material, such as textbooks, manuals, and journals, to identify symptoms, make diagnoses, and develop approaches to treatment.
  • Maintain current knowledge of relevant research.
  • Observe individuals at play, in group interactions, or in other contexts to detect indications of mental deficiency, abnormal behavior, or maladjustment.
  • Select, administer, score, and interpret psychological tests to obtain information on individuals' intelligence, achievements, interests, and personalities.
  • Refer clients to other specialists, institutions, or support services as necessary.
  • Provide psychological or administrative services and advice to private firms and community agencies regarding mental health programs or individual cases.
  • Develop, direct, and participate in training programs for staff and students.
  • Provide occupational, educational, and other information to individuals so that they can make educational and vocational plans.
  • Direct, coordinate, and evaluate activities of staff and interns engaged in patient assessment and treatment.
  • Plan and develop accredited psychological service programs in psychiatric centers or hospitals, in collaboration with psychiatrists and other professional staff.
  • Plan, supervise, and conduct psychological research and write papers describing research results.
  • Consult with or provide consultation to other doctors, therapists, or clinicians regarding patient care.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Biofeedback equipment
  • Desktop computers
  • Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Tablet computers
  • Universal serial bus USB flash drives
  • Addison Health Systems WritePad
  • Anasazi Software Client Data System
  • Athena Software Penelope Case Management
  • B Sharp Technologies B Care
  • BlackHawk Canyon Publishers PracticianWorks
  • Blueberry Harbor Software Clinical Record Keeper
  • Bluewater Management Systems BMCASE
  • BRB Software HorizonMIS
  • Clinivate Clinitrak
  • Comprehensive Affect Testing System CATS
  • Core Solutions Care Enterprise
  • DocuTrac QuicDoc
  • Fagerman Technologies MedLook
  • Health Care Software HCS INTERACTANT software
  • ICANotes
  • JTL Enterprises MedIntake
  • Mdansby The PsychReport
  • MedEZ
  • Medical Outcome Systems eMINI Software Suite
  • Medicine Rules PowerSEAT 360
  • MICA Information Systems MICA-MED Practice Manager
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • MPMsoft billing software
  • MS*Health Software/CMHC
  • My Clients Plus
  • Neuro Innovations Therapist's Toolkit
  • Neurobehavioral Systems Presentation
  • Noldus Information Technology The Observer
  • Office Management Systems Mental Health Office All-in-One
  • Polaris Health Directions Polaris-MH
  • Practice Management Technologies Visual Private Office
  • PsychAssistant
  • PsychNotesEMR
  • Psyquel
  • PsyTech Solutions Epitomax
  • Serenic Navigator CommunityCare
  • Sigmund Software Sigmund
  • SpectraSoft AppointmentsPRO
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Statistical software
  • Testing software
  • TheraManager
  • Trinity Software Solutions BEACON
  • UNI/CARE Pro-Filer
  • Web browser software

  • life physical and social science

    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220