SOC: 19-1029.03


Research and study the inheritance of traits at the molecular, organism or population level. May evaluate or treat patients with genetic disorders.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
36,400 employed

Projected (2024):
36,200 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Associate Professor of Biology
  • Associate Professor of Genetics
  • Behavioral Geneticist
  • Clinical Biochemical Geneticist
  • Clinical Cytogeneticist
  • Clinical Cytogenetics Director
  • Clinical Geneticist
  • Clinical Molecular Geneticist
  • Clinical Molecular Genetics Laboratory Director
  • Computational Geneticist
  • Crop Quantitative Geneticist
  • Genetic Scientist
  • Geneticist
  • Genomics Scientist
  • Laboratory Geneticist
  • Medical Geneticist
  • Medical Genetics Director
  • Molecular Geneticist
  • Pediatric Geneticist
  • Pharmacogeneticist
  • Population Geneticist
  • Professor
  • Proteomics Scientist
  • Research Geneticist
  • Research Scientist
  • Statistical Geneticist
  • Swine Genetics Researcher

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Write grants and papers or attend fundraising events to seek research funds.
  • Verify that cytogenetic, molecular genetic, and related equipment and instrumentation is maintained in working condition to ensure accuracy and quality of experimental results.
  • Plan curatorial programs for species collections that include acquisition, distribution, maintenance, or regeneration.
  • Participate in the development of endangered species breeding programs or species survival plans.
  • Maintain laboratory safety programs and train personnel in laboratory safety techniques.
  • Instruct medical students, graduate students, or others in methods or procedures for diagnosis and management of genetic disorders.
  • Evaluate, diagnose, or treat genetic diseases.
  • Design and maintain genetics computer databases.
  • Confer with information technology specialists to develop computer applications for genetic data analysis.
  • Collaborate with biologists and other professionals to conduct appropriate genetic and biochemical analyses.
  • Attend clinical and research conferences and read scientific literature to keep abreast of technological advances and current genetic research findings.
  • Supervise or direct the work of other geneticists, biologists, technicians, or biometricians working on genetics research projects.
  • Review, approve, or interpret genetic laboratory results.
  • Search scientific literature to select and modify methods and procedures most appropriate for genetic research goals.
  • Prepare results of experimental findings for presentation at professional conferences or in scientific journals.
  • Maintain laboratory notebooks that record research methods, procedures, and results.
  • Extract deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or perform diagnostic tests involving processes such as gel electrophoresis, Southern blot analysis, and polymerase chain reaction analysis.
  • Evaluate genetic data by performing appropriate mathematical or statistical calculations and analyses.
  • Develop protocols to improve existing genetic techniques or to incorporate new diagnostic procedures.
  • Design sampling plans or coordinate the field collection of samples such as tissue specimens.
  • Create or use statistical models for the analysis of genetic data.
  • Conduct family medical studies to evaluate the genetic basis for traits or diseases.
  • Plan or conduct basic genomic and biological research related to areas such as regulation of gene expression, protein interactions, metabolic networks, and nucleic acid or protein complexes.
  • Analyze determinants responsible for specific inherited traits, and devise methods for altering traits or producing new traits.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Binocular optical microscopes
  • Capillary electrophoresis equipment
  • Desktop computers
  • Fast protein liquid chromatographs FPLC
  • Flow cytometers
  • Gas chromatography equipment
  • Gel electrophoresis equipment
  • High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment
  • Laptop computers
  • Mass spectrometry equipment
  • Micropipettes
  • Microplate readers
  • Personal computers
  • Phosphorimagers
  • Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment
  • Robotic liquid handlers
  • Safety gloves
  • Safety goggles
  • Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST
  • Bioinformatics databases
  • C++
  • ClustalW
  • Database software
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequence analysis software
  • Email software
  • Formula translation/translator FORTRAN
  • Golden Helix HelixTree
  • HapMap
  • Insightful S-PLUS
  • Linux
  • Mendel
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Visual C# .NET
  • Microsoft Word
  • Oracle Java
  • Plate reader software
  • Practical extraction and reporting language Perl
  • Python
  • R
  • RTI International SUDAAN
  • S.A.G.E.
  • SAS software
  • SAS/Genetics
  • Structured query language SQL
  • UNIX
  • Ward Systems Group GeneHunter
  • Web browser software

  • life physical and social science

    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220