Bioinformatics Scientists
SOC: 19-1029.01


Conduct research using bioinformatics theory and methods in areas such as pharmaceuticals, medical technology, biotechnology, computational biology, proteomics, computer information science, biology and medical informatics. May design databases and develop algorithms for processing and analyzing genomic information, or other biological information.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
36,400 employed

Projected (2024):
36,200 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Assistant Scientist
  • Bioinformatician
  • Bioinformaticist
  • Bioinformatics Analyst
  • Bioinformatics Associate
  • Bioinformatics Computer Scientist
  • Bioinformatics Developer
  • Bioinformatics Engineer
  • Bioinformatics Scientist
  • Bioinformatics Specialist
  • Bioinformatics Support Specialist
  • Bioinformatics Team Member
  • Computational Biologist
  • Data Analyst
  • Director of Bioinformatics and Trait Discovery
  • Director of Informatics
  • Director of Translation and Experimental Medicine Bioinformatics
  • Director, Informatics
  • Drug Discovery Informatics Specialist
  • Microarray Analyst
  • Microarray Specialist
  • Molecular Modeler
  • Post Doctoral Researcher
  • Postdoc
  • Postdoctoral Scholar
  • Principal Bioinformatics Specialist
  • Research Assistant
  • Research Associate
  • Research Professor of Biostatistics
  • Research Scientist
  • Scientific Database Curator
  • Scientific Informatics Leader
  • Scientific Informatics Project Leader
  • Scientist
  • Senior Bioinformatics Scientist
  • Senior Bioinformatics Specialist
  • Senior Research Associate
  • Senior Scientist
  • Systems Analyst

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Fine Arts
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Recommend new systems and processes to improve operations.
  • Keep abreast of new biochemistries, instrumentation, or software by reading scientific literature and attending professional conferences.
  • Confer with departments such as marketing, business development, and operations to coordinate product development or improvement.
  • Collaborate with software developers in the development and modification of commercial bioinformatics software.
  • Test new and updated bioinformatics tools and software.
  • Provide statistical and computational tools for biologically based activities such as genetic analysis, measurement of gene expression, and gene function determination.
  • Prepare summary statistics of information regarding human genomes.
  • Instruct others in the selection and use of bioinformatics tools.
  • Improve user interfaces to bioinformatics software and databases.
  • Direct the work of technicians and information technology staff applying bioinformatics tools or applications in areas such as proteomics, transcriptomics, metabolomics, and clinical bioinformatics.
  • Develop new software applications or customize existing applications to meet specific scientific project needs.
  • Develop data models and databases.
  • Create or modify web-based bioinformatics tools.
  • Design and apply bioinformatics algorithms including unsupervised and supervised machine learning, dynamic programming, or graphic algorithms.
  • Create novel computational approaches and analytical tools as required by research goals.
  • Compile data for use in activities such as gene expression profiling, genome annotation, and structural bioinformatics.
  • Communicate research results through conference presentations, scientific publications, or project reports.
  • Manipulate publicly accessible, commercial, or proprietary genomic, proteomic, or post-genomic databases.
  • Consult with researchers to analyze problems, recommend technology-based solutions, or determine computational strategies.
  • Analyze large molecular datasets such as raw microarray data, genomic sequence data, and proteomics data for clinical or basic research purposes.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Computer data input scanners
  • Computer laser printers
  • Desktop computers
  • Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Accelrys Pipeline Pilot
  • Apache Hadoop
  • Bioconductor
  • Biomatters Geneious
  • BioPerl
  • BLAT
  • Bowtie
  • BWA
  • C
  • C++
  • Celera Assembler
  • ClustalW
  • Cufflinks
  • dbSNP
  • DNA sequencing software
  • Extensible markup language XML
  • GenBank
  • Genedata Expressionist
  • GenePattern
  • Genome Analysis Toolkit GATK
  • Hypertext markup language HTML
  • Illumina Laboratory Information Management System LIMS
  • JavaScript
  • Life Technologies SOLiD
  • Life Technologies Vector NTI
  • Linux
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Visual C#
  • MySQL software
  • NCBI RefSeq
  • Oracle Java
  • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor
  • PostgreSQL software
  • Practical extraction and reporting language Perl
  • Primer3
  • Public genomic databases
  • Python
  • R
  • Relational database management software
  • RNA sequencing software
  • Roche 454 Life Sciences GS Data Analysis
  • Ruby
  • SAS software
  • Structured query language SQL
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • Tibco S-PLUS
  • TIBCO Spotfire S+
  • TopHat
  • UNIX
  • Velvet
  • Web browser software

  • life physical and social science

    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220