Biologists
SOC: 19-1020.01

Description:

Research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Alternate Titles:

  • Aquatic Biologist
  • Aquatic Scientist
  • Assistant Scientist
  • Bioinformatics Specialist
  • Biological Scientist
  • Biologist
  • Botanist
  • Clinical Laboratory Scientist
  • Clinical Researcher
  • Community Ecologist
  • Cytologist
  • Director of Cell Biology
  • Dolphin Researcher
  • Ecology Biologist
  • Endangered Species Project Manager
  • Environmental Analyst
  • Environmental Scientist
  • Environmental Specialist
  • Fish Culture Supervisor
  • Fish Culture Technician
  • Fisheries Biologist
  • Genetic Engineer
  • Marine Biologist
  • Marine Scientist
  • Molecular Biologist
  • Mycologist
  • Nematologist
  • Neurobiologist
  • Neurophysiologist
  • Ocean Biologist
  • Physiologist
  • Plant Ecologist
  • Rare/Endangered Species Specialist
  • Research Analyst
  • Research Associate
  • Research Biologist
  • Research Fisheries Biologist
  • Research Scientist
  • Scientist
  • Wildlife Biologist


  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Develop and maintain liaisons and effective working relations with groups and individuals, agencies, and the public to encourage cooperative management strategies or to develop information and interpret findings.
  • Program and use computers to store, process, and analyze data.
  • Collect and analyze biological data about relationships among and between organisms and their environment.
  • Study aquatic plants and animals and environmental conditions affecting them, such as radioactivity or pollution.
  • Communicate test results to state and federal representatives and general public.
  • Identify, classify, and study structure, behavior, ecology, physiology, nutrition, culture, and distribution of plant and animal species.
  • Represent employer in a technical capacity at conferences.
  • Plan and administer biological research programs for government, research firms, medical industries, or manufacturing firms.
  • Research environmental effects of present and potential uses of land and water areas, determining methods of improving environmental conditions or such outputs as crop yields.
  • Measure salinity, acidity, light, oxygen content, and other physical conditions of water to determine their relationship to aquatic life.
  • Teach or supervise students and perform research at universities and colleges.
  • Supervise biological technicians and technologists and other scientists.
  • Study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and function.
  • Study and manage wild animal populations.
  • Prepare requests for proposals or statements of work.
  • Cultivate, breed, and grow aquatic life, such as lobsters, clams, or fish.
  • Prepare plans for management of renewable resources.
  • Develop methods and apparatus for securing representative plant, animal, aquatic, or soil samples.
  • Study reactions of plants, animals, and marine species to parasites.
  • Develop pest management and control measures, and conduct risk assessments related to pest exclusion, using scientific methods.
  • Prepare technical and research reports, such as environmental impact reports, and communicate the results to individuals in industry, government, or the general public.
  • Review reports and proposals, such as those relating to land use classifications and recreational development, for accuracy, adequacy, or adherence to policies, regulations, or scientific standards.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Agar plates
  • Automated microscopes
  • Automatic pipetters
  • Benchtop centrifuges
  • Benchtop lyophilizers
  • Bioreactors
  • Biosafety cabinets
  • Bunsen burners
  • Carbolite ovens
  • Centrifugal evaporators
  • Conductivity meters
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers
  • Desktop computers
  • Digestion units
  • Digital cameras
  • Dip nets
  • Dissecting microscopes
  • Distillation units
  • Electron microscopes
  • Electronic precision balances
  • Electrophoresis chambers
  • Erlenmeyer flasks
  • Fermenters
  • Fluid scintillation counters
  • Fluorescence microscopes
  • French presses
  • Fume hoods
  • Gas autoclaves
  • Gas chromatographs GC
  • General purpose laboratory test tubes
  • Glass beakers
  • Glass burets
  • Glass graduated cylinders
  • Glass washers
  • Global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Handheld digital thermometers
  • Heated magnetic stirrers
  • Heated stir plates
  • High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment
  • Homogenizers
  • Inoculating loops
  • Inverted compound microscopes
  • Laboratory analytical balances
  • Laboratory bulb syringes
  • Laboratory dropping pipettes
  • Laboratory forceps
  • Laboratory funnels
  • Laboratory hot plates
  • Laboratory microwave ovens
  • Laminar flow cabinets
  • Laptop computers
  • Liquid handling robots
  • Luminometers
  • Mainframe computers
  • Mechanical laboratory incubators
  • Mercury barometers
  • Micropipettes
  • Microscope digital cameras
  • Microscope slides
  • Microtiter plate readers
  • Microtomes
  • Multiwell microplates
  • Navigational compasses
  • Optical compound microscopes
  • Orbital shaking water baths
  • Pasteur pipettes
  • Personal computers
  • Petri dishes
  • pH indicators
  • Phosporimagers
  • Plankton nets
  • Plastic cuvettes
  • Plastic laboratory tubing
  • Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment
  • Portable dataloggers
  • Propane jet freezers
  • Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges
  • Respirometers
  • Safety glasses
  • Safety gloves
  • Safety goggles
  • Salinity meters
  • Scanning electron microscopes SEM
  • Scanning laser confocal microscopes
  • Scientific calculators
  • Shaking incubators
  • Sonicators
  • Specimen collection containers
  • Spectrophotometers
  • Spreading rods
  • Swinging bucket centrifuges
  • Test tube shakers
  • Tissue culture plates
  • Top-loading electronic balances
  • Transmission electron microscopes TEM
  • Triple beam balances
  • Ultracentrifuges
  • Ultramicrotomes
  • Ultraviolet UV transilluminators
  • Ultraviolet UV visible spectrophotometers
  • Ultraviolet water purification systems
  • Vacuum dehydration units
  • Vacuum evaporators
  • Vertical drying ovens
  • Video imaging systems
  • Video microscopes
  • Water flow gauges
  • Water samplers
  • Water-jacketed CO2 incubators
  • Weather stations
  • X ray spectrometers
  • Zoom microscopes
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
  • Agilent Technologies GeneSpring GX
  • Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST
  • BioKin PlateKi
  • BLAT
  • Blue Tractor Software DNADynamo
  • C++
  • Cubic
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequence analysis software
  • EMBOSS
  • EnzymeX
  • ESRI ArcGIS software
  • Excavator
  • FASTA
  • FoldX
  • Gene Codes Sequencher
  • Ingenuity Systems Ingenuity Pathways Analysis
  • JaMBW
  • Joint Prediction of Operons JPOP
  • Linux
  • MacVector
  • Meyer Instruments Optimas
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • NAMD
  • National Instruments LabVIEW
  • Oracle Java
  • Partek Incorporated Partek Genomics Suite
  • Phrap
  • Phred
  • Practical extraction and reporting language Perl
  • Protein Explorer
  • Python
  • R
  • RepeatMasker
  • SequentiX TreeMe
  • sim4
  • SoftZymics VisualEnzymics
  • SPSS software
  • Structured query language SQL
  • SURFDriver Software WinSURF
  • Textco BioSoftware Gene Inspector
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • The MathWorks SimBiology
  • UNIX
  • VayTek VoxBlast
  • Visual Molecular Dynamics VMD
  • Web browser software
  • Wolfram Research Mathematica


  • life physical and social science


    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220