Animal Scientists
SOC: 19-1011.00

Description:

Conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
2,900 employed

Projected (2024):
3,200 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Animal Anatomist
  • Animal Behaviorist
  • Animal Biologist
  • Animal Breeder
  • Animal Breeding and Genetics Professor
  • Animal Geneticist
  • Animal Husbandman
  • Animal Management Systems Specialist
  • Animal Nutrition Consultant
  • Animal Nutritionist
  • Animal Science Professor
  • Animal Science Section Leader
  • Animal Scientist
  • Bacteriologist
  • Beef Cattle Nutritionist
  • Beef Cattle Specialist
  • Beef Technical Services Manager
  • Behaviorist
  • Dairy Bacteriologist
  • Dairy Consultant
  • Dairy Husbandman
  • Dairy Management Professor
  • Dairy Nutrition Specialist
  • Dairy Nutritionist
  • Dairy Scientist
  • Extension Animal Scientist
  • Laboratory Section Leader
  • Nutrition Partner
  • Poultry Husbandman
  • Poultry Science Professor
  • Poultry Scientist
  • Professor
  • Research and Development Director
  • Research and Development Researcher
  • Research Center Partner
  • Research Geneticist
  • Research Scientist
  • Sericulturist
  • Swine Extension Field Specialist
  • Swine Genetics Researcher
  • Swine Nutritionist
  • Veterinary Science Professor


  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Conduct research concerning animal nutrition, breeding, or management to improve products or processes.
  • Advise producers about improved products and techniques that could enhance their animal production efforts.
  • Study nutritional requirements of animals and nutritive values of animal feed materials.
  • Study effects of management practices, processing methods, feed, or environmental conditions on quality and quantity of animal products, such as eggs and milk.
  • Develop improved practices in feeding, housing, sanitation, or parasite and disease control of animals.
  • Research and control animal selection and breeding practices to increase production efficiency and improve animal quality.
  • Determine genetic composition of animal populations and heritability of traits, using principles of genetics.
  • Crossbreed animals with existing strains or cross strains to obtain new combinations of desirable characteristics.
  • Communicate research findings to the scientific community, producers, and the public.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Analytic balances
  • Animal blood analyzers
  • Animal catching equipment
  • Animal feed mixers
  • Animal feeders
  • Animal heater lamps
  • Artificial insemination kits
  • Atomic absorption AA spectrometers
  • Automatic carbon dioxide CO2 incubators
  • Balling guns
  • Benchtop centrifuges
  • Blood collection syringes
  • Bomb calorimeters
  • Brooders
  • Bunsen burners
  • Calf pullers
  • Calf restraints
  • Calorimeters
  • Captive bolt stunners
  • Cattle scales
  • Cattle squeeze chutes
  • Circulating water baths
  • Computerized cattle feeders
  • Conductance meters
  • Dehorners
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers
  • Desktop computers
  • Dissecting kits
  • Ear punches
  • Electric stunners
  • Electronic laboratory balances
  • Erlenmeyer flasks
  • Evacuated blood collection tubes
  • Fiber digesters
  • Fluorescence spectrophotometers
  • Fraction collectors
  • Freeze dryers
  • Gas chromatographs GC
  • Gel electrophoresis equipment
  • Glass pipettes
  • Graduated beakers
  • Graduated cylinders
  • Handheld digital thermometers
  • High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment
  • Homogenizers
  • Hot plate stirrers
  • Hybridization chambers
  • Hydrometers
  • Imaging microscopes
  • Infrared IR spectrometers
  • Laboratory drying ovens
  • Laboratory fume hoods
  • Laboratory vacuum ovens
  • Laboratory vacuum pumps
  • Laboratory water baths
  • Laminar flow cabinets
  • Laptop computers
  • Laser densitometers
  • Liquid scintillation counters
  • Livestock scales
  • Meat choppers
  • Meat grinders
  • Microcentrifuges
  • Microscope slides
  • Microultracentrifuges
  • Optical compound microscopes
  • Orbital shaking water baths
  • Oxygen meters
  • Personal computers
  • Petri dishes
  • Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment
  • Poultry incubators
  • Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges
  • Scanning densitometers
  • Scientific calculators
  • Slab dryers
  • Specimen collection containers
  • Steam autoclaves
  • Tissue culture incubators
  • Triple beam balances
  • Ultracentrifuges
  • Ultrasonic water baths
  • Ultrasound probes
  • Ultraviolet UV visible spectrophotometers
  • Veterinary emasculators
  • Volumetric flasks
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • Best Linear Unbiased Prediction BLUP software
  • Cowculator
  • COWGAME
  • DAGRIS
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequence analysis software
  • Domestic Animal Diversity Information Service DAD-IS
  • Email software
  • ESRI ArcGIS software
  • FEEDLOT CALC
  • Master Ration Calculator
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • Nutrition Balance Analyzer NUTBAL
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals OMIA
  • Palm OS
  • SAS software
  • VSNi ASReml
  • VSNi GenStat
  • Web browser software


  • life physical and social science


    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220