Architectural Drafters
SOC: 17-3011.01


Prepare detailed drawings of architectural designs and plans for buildings and structures according to specifications provided by architect.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
94,000 employed

Projected (2024):
91,200 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Architect
  • Architect in Training
  • Architectural Computer-Aided Design Technician (Architectural CAD Technician)
  • Architectural Designer
  • Architectural Drafter
  • Architectural Draftsman
  • Architectural Intern
  • Architectural Technician
  • Architectural Technologist
  • Architecture Drafter
  • Architecture Technician
  • Assistant Drafter
  • AutoCAD Designer
  • CAD Draftsman (Computer-Aided Design Draftsman)
  • CAD Technician (Computer-Aided Design Technician)
  • CADD Drafter (Computer-Aided Design and Drafting Drafter)
  • CADD Operator (Computer-Aided Design and Drafting Operator)
  • Checker
  • Commercial Drafter
  • Computer Aided Drafter
  • Computer-Aided Design Designer (CAD Designer)
  • Computer-Aided Design Drafter (CAD Drafter)
  • Designer
  • Detailer
  • Drafter
  • Drafting Technician
  • Draftsman
  • Heating and Ventilating Drafter
  • Intern Architect
  • Landscape Drafter
  • Marine Drafter
  • Oil and Gas Drafter
  • Plumbing Designer
  • Plumbing Drafter
  • Project Architect
  • Project Manager
  • Steel Detailer
  • Structural Drafter
  • Structural Draftsman
  • Truss Designer

  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed


    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.


    Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Fine Arts
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Analyze building codes, by-laws, space and site requirements, and other technical documents and reports to determine their effect on architectural designs.
  • Operate computer-aided drafting (CAD) equipment or conventional drafting station to produce designs, working drawings, charts, forms, and records.
  • Coordinate structural, electrical, and mechanical designs and determine a method of presentation to graphically represent building plans.
  • Obtain and assemble data to complete architectural designs, visiting job sites to compile measurements as necessary.
  • Draw rough and detailed scale plans for foundations, buildings, and structures, based on preliminary concepts, sketches, engineering calculations, specification sheets, and other data.
  • Lay out and plan interior room arrangements for commercial buildings, using computer-assisted drafting (CAD) equipment and software.
  • Supervise, coordinate, and inspect the work of draftspersons, technicians, and technologists on construction projects.
  • Represent architect on construction site, ensuring builder compliance with design specifications and advising on design corrections, under architect's supervision.
  • Check dimensions of materials to be used and assign numbers to lists of materials.
  • Determine procedures and instructions to be followed, according to design specifications and quantity of required materials.
  • Analyze technical implications of architect's design concept, calculating weights, volumes, and stress factors.
  • Create freehand drawings and lettering to accompany drawings.
  • Prepare colored drawings of landscape and interior designs for presentation to client.
  • Reproduce drawings on copy machines or trace copies of plans and drawings, using transparent paper or cloth, ink, pencil, and standard drafting instruments.
  • Prepare cost estimates, contracts, bidding documents, and technical reports for specific projects under an architect's supervision.
  • Calculate heat loss and gain of buildings and structures to determine required equipment specifications, following standard procedures.
  • Build landscape, architectural, and display models.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Architects' scales
  • Backlit digitizers
  • Compasses
  • Computer aided design CAD multi-unit display graphics cards
  • Desktop computers
  • Electronic scales
  • Estimating keypads
  • Flexible curves
  • French curves
  • Graphics tablets
  • Handheld calculators
  • Large-format digitizers
  • Plotters
  • Pressure-sensitive graphic tablets
  • Print servers
  • Protractors
  • Sonic digitizers
  • T-squares
  • Three-dimensional laser digitizers
  • Three-dimensional motion controllers
  • Three-dimensional stereoscopic projectors
  • Triangles
  • Wide-format document scanners
  • 100 Plus Hatch Pattern Library
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
  • Adobe Systems Adobe After Effects
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator
  • Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign
  • Adobe Systems Adobe LiveMotion
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
  • Alias Wavefront Design Studio
  • Animation software
  • ARCOM Masterspec
  • Autodesk 3d Studio Viz
  • Autodesk Architectural Desktop
  • Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • Autodesk Revit
  • Autodesk Revit Architecture
  • AutoDesSys form Z
  • Bentley MicroStation
  • Bill of materials software
  • C
  • Corel Paint Shop Pro
  • Dassault Systemes CATIA software
  • Digitizing and photogrammetric software
  • Document management system software
  • ERP software
  • Geomechanical design analysis GDA software
  • Google SketchUp software
  • Graphic presentation software
  • Graphisoft ArchiCAD
  • Landscape modeling software
  • Logitech 3D Pro
  • McNeel Rhino software
  • Microsoft .NET Framework
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft Paint
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Visio
  • Microsoft Word
  • Motion graphics software
  • Non uniform rational b-splines NURBS software
  • Scanning software
  • Softimage Extreme
  • Sun Microsystems Cobalt
  • UGS Solid Edge
  • VectorWorks ARCHITECT

  • architecture and engineering

    industry stats

    SOC: 17-0000

    Total Employed: 2,475,390

    Average Annual Salary: $82,980