Energy Engineers
SOC: 17-2199.03


Design, develop, or evaluate energy-related projects or programs to reduce energy costs or improve energy efficiency during the designing, building, or remodeling stages of construction. May specialize in electrical systems; heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems; green buildings; lighting; air quality; or energy procurement.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
136,900 employed

Projected (2024):
142,300 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Alternative Energy Engineer
  • Certified Green Building Engineer
  • Distributed Generation Project Manager
  • Energy Conservation Engineer
  • Energy Efficiency Engineer
  • Energy Engineer
  • Energy Infrastructure Engineer
  • Energy Manager
  • Energy Project Engineer
  • Energy Systems Engineer
  • Environmental Solutions Engineer
  • Green Building Energy Engineer
  • Green Building Engineer
  • Heating Engineer
  • HVAC Engineer (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Engineer)
  • HVAC Engineer (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Engineer)
  • HVAC Sensor and Digital Control Designer (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Sensor and Digital Control Designer)
  • Hydroelectric Plant Power Generation Engineer
  • Hydrogen Power Plant Engineer
  • Industrial Energy Engineer
  • Measurement And Verification Engineer
  • Photovoltaic Power Systems Engineer
  • Postdoctoral Research Associate
  • Project Engineer
  • Refrigeration Engineer
  • Renewable Energy Engineer
  • Smart Grid Engineer
  • Solar Designer
  • Systems Engineer
  • Test and Balance Engineer

  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed


    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.


    Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Conduct jobsite observations, field inspections, or sub-metering to collect data for energy conservation analyses.
  • Perform energy modeling, measurement, verification, commissioning, or retro-commissioning.
  • Consult with construction or renovation clients or other engineers on topics such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) or Green Buildings.
  • Inspect or monitor energy systems, including heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) or daylighting systems to determine energy use or potential energy savings.
  • Manage the development, design, or construction of energy conservation projects to ensure acceptability of budgets and time lines, conformance to federal and state laws, or adherence to approved specifications.
  • Oversee design or construction aspects related to energy such as energy engineering, energy management, and sustainable design.
  • Direct the work of contractors or staff in the implementation of energy management projects.
  • Evaluate construction design information such as detail and assembly drawings, design calculations, system layouts and sketches, or specifications.
  • Identify energy savings opportunities and make recommendations to achieve more energy efficient operation.
  • Monitor and analyze energy consumption.
  • Promote awareness or use of alternative or renewable energy sources.
  • Review architectural, mechanical, or electrical plans and specifications to evaluate energy efficiency or determine economic, service, or engineering feasibility.
  • Analyze, interpret, or create graphical representations of energy data, using engineering software.
  • Conduct energy audits to evaluate energy use, costs, or conservation measures.
  • Conduct research or collect data on renewable or alternative energy systems or technologies such as solar thermal and photovoltaic energy.
  • Make recommendations regarding energy fuel selection.
  • Prepare project reports and other program or technical documentation.
  • Provide consultation to clients or other engineers on topics such as climate control systems, energy modeling, data logging, energy management control systems, lighting or daylighting design, sustainable design, and energy auditing.
  • Review or negotiate energy purchase agreements.
  • Train personnel or clients on topics such as energy management.
  • Write or install energy management routines for building automation systems.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Air current testers
  • Blower doors
  • Dataloggers
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital infrared thermometers
  • Digital multimeters
  • Draft gauges
  • Handheld digital thermometers
  • Heating system combustion analyzers
  • Infrared cameras
  • Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • 360 Analytics eQUEST
  • AIRMaster+
  • Architectural Energy Corporation ENFORMA Building Diagnostics
  • Architectural Energy Corporation VisualDOE
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • Autodesk ECOTECT
  • Carrier Hourly Analysis Program HAP
  • Chilled Water System Analysis Tool CWSAT
  • Combined Heat and Power Application Tool CHP
  • Cool Roof Calculator
  • DesignBuilder Software DesignBuilder
  • DOE-2
  • EffTec EffTrack
  • Energy Efficient Rehab Advisor
  • EnergyPlus
  • EnergySoft EnergyPro
  • Facility Energy Decision Systems FEDS
  • Fan System Assessment Tool FSAT
  • Federal Renewable Energy Screening Assistant FRESA
  • Fielding Data Labs OptoMizer
  • Home Energy Efficient Design HEED
  • InterEnergy Software Building Energy Analyzer PRO
  • Itron Enterprise Energy Management EEM Suite
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Project
  • Microsoft Visio
  • Microsoft Word
  • MotorMaster+
  • Performance Systems Development TREAT
  • Process Heating Assessment and Survey Tool PHAST
  • Program for Energy Analysis of Residences PEAR
  • Quick Plant Energy Profiler
  • Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model RESEM
  • Steam System Tool Suite
  • Stellar Processes EZ Sim
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • Trane System Analyzer
  • Trane TRACE

  • architecture and engineering

    industry stats

    SOC: 17-0000

    Total Employed: 2,475,390

    Average Annual Salary: $82,980