Fuel Cell Engineers
SOC: 17-2141.01


Design, evaluate, modify, or construct fuel cell components or systems for transportation, stationary, or portable applications.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
277,500 employed

Projected (2024):
292,100 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Alternative Energy Technician
  • Battery Technician
  • Design Cell Engineer
  • Director, Hydrogen Storage Engineering
  • Division Director
  • Engineering Professor
  • Fuel Cell Battery Technician
  • Fuel Cell Designer
  • Fuel Cell Engineer
  • Fuel Cell Systems Engineer
  • Fuel Cell Test Engineer
  • Mobile Battery Technician
  • Professor of Chemical Engineering
  • Research Engineer
  • Scientist/Engineer
  • Senior Engineer
  • Senior Research Engineer
  • Senior Scientist
  • Senior Stack Engineer
  • Subsystems Engineer

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed


    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Write technical reports or proposals related to engineering projects.
  • Read current literature, attend meetings or conferences, or talk with colleagues to stay abreast of new technology or competitive products.
  • Validate design of fuel cells, fuel cell components, or fuel cell systems.
  • Simulate or model fuel cell, motor, or other system information, using simulation software programs.
  • Recommend or implement changes to fuel cell system designs.
  • Provide technical consultation or direction related to the development or production of fuel cell systems.
  • Plan or conduct experiments to validate new materials, optimize startup protocols, reduce conditioning time, or examine contaminant tolerance.
  • Integrate electric drive subsystems with other vehicle systems to optimize performance or mitigate faults.
  • Identify or define vehicle and system integration challenges for fuel cell vehicles.
  • Fabricate prototypes of fuel cell components, assemblies, stacks, or systems.
  • Develop fuel cell materials or fuel cell test equipment.
  • Conduct post-service or failure analyses, using electromechanical diagnostic principles or procedures.
  • Design or implement fuel cell testing or development programs.
  • Characterize component or fuel cell performances by generating operating maps, defining operating conditions, identifying design refinements, or executing durability assessments.
  • Calculate the efficiency or power output of a fuel cell system or process.
  • Analyze fuel cell or related test data, using statistical software.
  • Design fuel cell systems, subsystems, stacks, assemblies, or components, such as electric traction motors or power electronics.
  • Prepare test stations, instrumentation, or data acquisition systems for use in specific tests of fuel cell components or systems.
  • Plan or implement fuel cell cost reduction or product improvement projects in collaboration with other engineers, suppliers, support personnel, or customers.
  • Coordinate fuel cell engineering or test schedules with departments outside engineering, such as manufacturing.
  • Authorize release of fuel cell parts, components, or subsystems for production.
  • Manage fuel cell battery hybrid system architecture, including sizing of components, such as fuel cells, energy storage units, or electric drives.
  • Conduct fuel cell testing projects, using fuel cell test stations, analytical instruments, or electrochemical diagnostics, such as cyclic voltammetry or impedance spectroscopy.
  • Define specifications for fuel cell materials.
  • Develop or evaluate systems or methods of hydrogen storage for fuel cell applications.
  • Evaluate the power output, system cost, or environmental impact of new hydrogen or non-hydrogen fuel cell system designs.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Desktop computers
  • Differential scanning calorimeters
  • Digital sonifiers
  • Dilatometers
  • Flame ionization detectors FID
  • Flow reactors
  • Fluorescence detectors
  • Fourier transfer infrared FTIR spectrometers
  • Frequency response analyzers
  • Fuel cell test stands
  • Gas chromatography equipment
  • Gravity convection ovens
  • High pressure liquid chromatographs HPLC
  • High temperature tube furnaces
  • Induction furnaces
  • Infrared IR spectrophotometers
  • Laboratory ball mills
  • Laboratory glove boxes
  • Laboratory vacuum ovens
  • Laptop computers
  • Load boxes
  • Mass spectrometers
  • Microbalances
  • Molding presses
  • Personal computers
  • Portable emissions analyzers
  • Power analyzers
  • Programmable logic controllers PLC
  • Scanning electron microscopes SEM
  • Scanning spectrophotometers
  • Surface area analyzers
  • Thermal gravimetric analyzers
  • Thermovolumetric analyzers TVA
  • Transmission electron microscopes TEM
  • Ultrasonic blenders
  • X ray crystallography equipment
  • X ray fluorescence XRF spectrometers
  • X ray photoelectric spectroscopes
  • Ansoft Simplorer
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • C
  • C++
  • FactSage
  • Failure mode and effects analysis FMEA software
  • Gaussian GaussView
  • Gaussian software
  • GE Energy GateCycle
  • Maplesoft Maple
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • Minitab software
  • National Instruments LabVIEW
  • Statistical software
  • Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA software
  • The MathWorks Simulink
  • Wind River Systems C/C++ Compiler Suite
  • Wolfram Research Mathematica

  • architecture and engineering

    industry stats

    SOC: 17-0000

    Total Employed: 2,475,390

    Average Annual Salary: $82,980