Architects, Except Landscape and Naval
SOC: 17-1011.00


Plan and design structures, such as private residences, office buildings, theaters, factories, and other structural property.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
112,600 employed

Projected (2024):
120,400 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Architect
  • Architectural Designer
  • Architectural Project Manager
  • Architectural Superintendent
  • Building Architect
  • Building Architectural Designer
  • Building Consultant
  • City Designer
  • Commercial Green Building Architect
  • Commercial Green Building Designer
  • Commercial Green Retrofit Architect
  • Design Architect
  • Facilities Planner
  • Facility Designer
  • Green Building Architect
  • Green Building Design Specialist
  • Green Building Materials Designer
  • Home Designer
  • House Designer
  • Intern Architect
  • Location Analyst
  • Location Man
  • Location Worker
  • Plumbing Designer
  • Principal Architect
  • Principal, Architectural Firm
  • Project Architect
  • Real Estate Site Analyst
  • Residential Designer
  • Residential Green Building Designer
  • School Plant Consultant
  • Senior Architect/Design Manager
  • Senior Architectural Designer
  • Senior Planner
  • Space Planner
  • Specifications Writer
  • Structural Architect
  • Structural Designer
  • Supervising Architect

  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed


    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.


    Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Fine Arts
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Prepare information regarding design, structure specifications, materials, color, equipment, estimated costs, or construction time.
  • Consult with clients to determine functional or spatial requirements of structures.
  • Prepare contract documents for building contractors.
  • Integrate engineering elements into unified architectural designs.
  • Administer construction contracts.
  • Represent clients in obtaining bids or awarding construction contracts.
  • Prepare operating and maintenance manuals, studies, or reports.
  • Calculate potential energy savings by comparing estimated energy consumption of proposed design to baseline standards.
  • Design environmentally sound structural upgrades to existing buildings, such as natural lighting systems, green roofs, or rainwater collection systems.
  • Design or plan construction of green building projects to minimize adverse environmental impact or conserve energy.
  • Design structures that incorporate environmentally friendly building practices or concepts, such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) standards.
  • Gather information related to projects' environmental sustainability or operational efficiency.
  • Perform predesign services, such as feasibility or environmental impact studies.
  • Plan or design structures such as residences, office buildings, theatres, factories, or other structural properties in accordance with environmental, safety, or other regulations.
  • Prepare scale drawings or architectural designs, using computer-aided design or other tools.
  • Direct activities of technicians engaged in preparing drawings or specification documents.
  • Meet with clients to review or discuss architectural drawings.
  • Develop marketing materials, proposals, or presentation to generate new work opportunities.
  • Develop final construction plans that include aesthetic representations of the structure or details for its construction.
  • Conduct periodic on-site observations of construction work to monitor compliance with plans.
  • Monitor the work of specialists, such as electrical engineers, mechanical engineers, interior designers, or sound specialists to ensure optimal form or function of designs or final structures.
  • Plan layouts of structural architectural projects.
  • Inspect proposed building sites to determine suitability for construction.
  • Create three-dimensional or interactive representations of designs, using computer assisted design software.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Architectural templates
  • Arm drafting machines
  • Circular saws
  • Compasses
  • Computer laser printers
  • Computer-guided milling machines
  • Diazo copiers
  • Digital cameras
  • Disk grinding machines
  • Dividers
  • Engineering copiers
  • Fretsaws
  • Hand saws
  • Mat knives
  • Mitre boxes
  • Notebook computers
  • Parallel bars
  • Personal computers
  • Plotters
  • Precision knives
  • Soldering irons
  • Tablet computers
  • Thermal saws
  • Track drafting machines
  • Triangles
  • 1ST Pricing Window & Door Toolkit
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator
  • Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
  • ArchiOffice software
  • Autodesk 3ds Max Design
  • Autodesk Architectural Studio
  • Autodesk AutoCAD
  • Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D
  • Autodesk Revit
  • AutoDesSys form Z
  • AzTechSoft GPS2CAD
  • BeamChek software
  • Bentley MicroStation
  • CADFind Sketch & Search software
  • Computer aided design and drafting software CADD
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software
  • Craftsman CD Estimator
  • Database software
  • Design Workshop software
  • Drcauto Smart Architect LT Pro
  • FileNet P8 software
  • Google SketchUp software
  • Graphisoft ArchiCAD
  • Intuit QuickBooks software
  • Micro-Press MicroStation PowerDraft
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Project
  • Microsoft Word
  • MyFamilySoftware Instant Architect
  • NavisWorks Jetstream
  • Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio Management software
  • Oracle Primavera Systems software
  • Quality Plans & Software HVAC Calculator
  • Quark software
  • Roof Builder Tools software
  • Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal
  • Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal (accounting feature)
  • Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal (calendar and scheduling feature)
  • Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal (time accounting feature)
  • VectorWorks ARCHITECT
  • Virtual reality modeling language VRML software

  • architecture and engineering

    industry stats

    SOC: 17-0000

    Total Employed: 2,475,390

    Average Annual Salary: $82,980